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 The student Data Program plays and important role for students with Visual Impairments and DeafBlindness in Texas.  In January each year, two important counts are made on behalf of the Texas Education agency related to students with visual impairments and deafblindness by this agency.  These are known respectively as the Registration of students in Texas with Visual Impairment and the Texas DeafBlind child count.

Information is gathered about every student in Texas identified as having a visual impairment or deafblindness who is enrolled in a public, private, or charter school on the first Monday of January each year.  The kinds of information that is gathered includes information about the degree and cause of the visual impairment, age of the child, location of the school and type of program where the child or student receives his/her education whether or not the child uses braille or large print and other information.

This student information is completely confidential.  However, summary demographic data is used for long-term planning and identifying trends and issues for students with visual impairments and deafblindness at Texas Education Agency, the twenty Education Service Centers, Texas Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC) Blind Children’s Program, Texas Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC) Early Childhood Intervention Program (ECI), Texas Education Agency and Outreach Programs.  Other agencies and organizations may request specific information to help them advocate for services for individuals with visual impairments and deafblindness at all age levels.

Additionally the number of students counted each year on the VI Registration generates funds based on number of students who are legally blind.  These funds are used to purchase materials from the American Printing House for the Blind for local districts through the APH Materials Loan Program.


Student Data Quick Links

Registration of Students in Texas with Visual Impairments & 504 Summary

Texas DeafBlind Child Count


Registration of Students in TX with Visual Impairment & 504 Summary

2020 Statewide VI Results

ESC

COMBINED

VIR & DB

DB ONLY

AGES

0-2

AGES

3-5

AGES

6-22 

BRAILLE

VISUAL

AUDITORY

PRE READER 

SYMB

NON COMM

LB

VI ONLY

AT

OM EVAL

OM SERV.

1

592

37

21

49

522

29

265

34

68

196

403

156

 578

535

296

2

192

13

6

12

174

3

100

11

28

50

114

43

178

184

78

3

127

9

9

15

103

5

54

3

23

42

62

32

121

118

69 

4

1,728

160

85

198

1,445

58

738

29

236

667

1,058

459

 1,606

1,593

923

5

148

12

2

11

135

8

59

2

17

63

90

36

140 

92

25

6

368

26

16

44

308

14

169

10

64

111

200

92

330

358

263 

7

455

37

14

51

390

10 

211

9

66

159

246

114

434

431

266

8

99

8

4

12

83

2

58

2

7

30

49

32

86

90

57

9

169

12

2

23

144

0

103

1

32

33

61

53

12 

167

23

10

1,297

151

73

140

1,084

45

536

15

 183

518

742

345

 1,159

1,166

580 

11

774

107

47

119

608

31

330

17

134

262

389

207

715 

732

410

12

335

21

15

46

274

4

137

13

 47

134

206

80

248

308

177 

13

708

67

47

65

596

32

305

 18

93

260

499

166

664

660

463 

14

117

10

5

20

92

63

6

 18

27

48

39

103 

116

26

15

138

6

9

15

114

80

1

 13

41

65

44

110

131

43

16

162

13

2

23

137

1

81

2

 18

60

79

55

150 

147

44

17

172

9

13

22

137

72

2

 26

67

100

48

149 

170

44

18

161

12

7

20

134

3

72

14

 35

37

80

49

125 

153

40

19

281

19

10

21

250

10

 106

3

 18

145

147

52

260

225

78

20

778

67

42

102

634

23

317

8

129

301

564

170

712

744

390 

TSBVI

132

24

0

0

132

53

38

10

9

23 

122

33

131

 130

126

TSD

137

19

0

2

17

 18

0

1

 0

5

0

19

16

9

TOTAL

%

8,952

820

(9.1%)

429

(4.7%)

1,010

(11.2%)

7,513

(83.9%)

342

 (3.8%)

 3,912

 (43.6%)

 210

 (2.3%)

1,263

 (14.1%)

 3,226

 (36.0%)

5,329

(59.5%) 

2,305

(25.7%)

8,030

 (89.7%)

 8,266

(92.3%)

4,430

(49.4%)

 2020 Statewide 504 Results

ESC

504

AGES

0-2

AGES

3-5

AGES

6-22 

BRAILLE

VISUAL

AUDITORY

PRE READER 

SYMB

NON COMM

LB

AT

OM EVAL

OM SERV.

1

107

1

1

105

0

107

0

0

0

14

22

1

1

2

53

0

1

52

0

53

0

0

0

2

21

2

0

3

31

0

0

31

0

31

0

0

0

3

12

3

0

4

365

0

6

359

0

357

4

2

35

64

20

1

5

4

0

0

0

4

0

0

0

0

3

2

0

6

141

0

1

140

1

140

0

0

0

2

9

10

1

7

89

0

1

88

0

89

0

0

0

3

23

8

0

8

24

0

1

23

0

24

0

0

0

0

2

2

0

9

14

0

0

14

0

14

0

0

0

1

2

2

0

10

442

1

4

437

0

433

8

0

1

13

36

15

1

11

182

0

2

180

0

181

0

1

0

2

35

22

2

12

110

0

1

109

0

109

0

0

1

3

8

6

1

13

233

0

2

231

0

232

0

1

0

14

30

9

0

14

7

0

0

7

0

7

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

15

17

0

0

17

0

17

0

0

0

0

2

3

0

16

20

0

0

20

0

20

0

0

0

1

8

4

0

17

15

0

0

13

0

13

0

2

0

0

1

1

0

18

20

0

 0

20

0

20

0

0

0

0

7

9

0

19

46

0

0

46

0

46

0

0

0

6

3

5

0

20

253

0

5

248

0

252

0

1

0

2

21

4

0

TSBVI

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

TSD

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

TOTAL

%

2,173

2

(.09%)

27

(1.2%) 

 2,144

(98.7%)

 1

 (.05%)

2.149

(98.8%)

 12

 (.55%)

 7

 (.32%)

4

 (.18%)

102 

(4.7%) 

310

 (14.3%)

128

(5.9%)

 7

 (.32%)

VI Registration & 504 Count Totals

Age Groups

# of Students

% of Students

VI Registration

8,952

80.4%

504 Count

2,173

19.5%

COMBINED TOTAL:

11,125

Selected Age Groups

Age Groups

504 #

504 %

VIR #

VIR %

Age 0 - 2 Years

2

.09%

429

4.7%

Age 3-5 Years

27

1.2%

1,010

11.2%

Age 6 - 22+ Years

2,144

98.7%

7,513

83.9%

COMBINED TOTAL:

2,173

8,952

Ethnicity

Ethnicity

504 #

504 %

VIR #

VIR %

American Indian or Alaskan Native

20

.92% 

35

.39%

Asian

58

2.6%

335

3.7%

Black or African American

231

10.6%

1,266

14.1%

Hispanic or Latino

738

33.9%

3,809

42.5%

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

13

.59%

25

.27%

Two or More Races

69

3.1%

232

2.5%

White

1,044

48.0%

3,250

36.3%

COMBINED TOTAL:

2,173

8,952

Level of Vision

Level of Vision

504 #

504 %

VIR #

VIR %

MDB - Meets Definition of Blindness

53

2.4%

3,472

38.7%

FDB - Meets Functional Definition of Blindness

49

2.2%

1,905

21.2%

NLB - Not Legally Blind

 2,071

95.3%

3,575

39.9%

TOTAL

2,173

8,952

Reading Medium

Reading Medium (Includes 504)

Visual

Auditory

Braille

Pre-Reader

Symbolic / Non-Reader

Primary Reading Medium

 6,061

222

 343

1,269

3,230 

Secondary Reading Medium

92 

2,837

103

NA

NA

TOTAL

6,153

3,059

446

1,269

3,230

Disability Conditions 

Disability Condition

Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

Quaternary

Total

Visual Impairment

4,070

2,723

1,172

214

8,179

Other Health Impaired

1,739

923

384

237

3,283

Intellectual Disabilities

1,357

622

315

113

2,407

Deafblind

385

136

48

32

601

Orthopedic Impairment

313

362

297

220

480

Autism

270

117

32

18

437

Traumatic Brain Injury

234

23

9

4

270

Specific Learning Disability

92

107

20

3

222

Hearing Impairment

77

161

78

29

345

Non-Categorical Early Childhood

75

9

3

2

89

Speech or Language Impairment

51

1,099

2,193

473

3,816

Emotional Disturbance

31

38

16

2

87

504

2,173

DB or Any Combo of DB, HI, and/or VI

820

Under Age 3 with no Disability Condition Listed

260

 Common Etiologies: Ranked in Order, 20 or more

Order

Condition Name

#

1

Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI)

1,620

2

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

890

3

Optic Nerve Hypoplasia (ONH)

713

4

Nystagmus

588

5

Amblyopia

583

6

Optic Nerve Atrophy

569

7

Albinism

394

8

Myopia

301

9

Cataracts (including aphakia)

265

10

Ocular Motor (including esoptrpia)

263

11

Glaucoma

216

12

Coloboma (of iris/retina/optic nerve)

193

13

Hyperopia

171

14

Septo-Optic Dysplasia (SOD)

158

15

Retinal Detachment

134

16

Traumatic Brain Injury

125

17

Retinitis Pigmentosa

112

18

Microphthalmia

104

19

CHARGE Syndrome

93

20

Cone-Rod/Rod-Cone Dystrophy

72

21

Aniridia

70

22

Hydrocephaly

67

23

Cerebral Palsy (CP)

65

24

Retinoblastoma

65

25

Stargardts Disease

61

26

Cornea Problems (Inclduing astigmatism)

67

27 

Lebers Amaurosis

56

28

Shaken Baby Syndrome

54

29

Tumors

43

30

Hemianopsia

41

31

Anophthalmia

35

32

Achromatopsia

32

33

Trauma to the Eye

31

34

Marfan Syndrome

30

35

Usher Syndrome (I, II, & III)

29

36

Microcephaly

26

37

Peter's Anomaly

25

38

Meningitis

20

Texas DeafBlind Child Count Summary

Recent Year Totals

Year

Total

2020

820

2019

784

2018

736

Students Numbers by ESC Region

Region 

2018

+ / -

2019

+ / -

2020

1  Edinburg, Rio Grande Valley, Laredo

20

+5

25

+12

37

2 Corpus Christi

12

+1

13

0

13

3  Victoria

8

+1

9

0

9

4  Houston

162

-1

161

-1

160

5  Beaumont

14

+2

16

-2

12

6  Huntsville, Bryan, Conroe

20

+5

25

+1

26

7  Kilgore, Tyler, Lufkin

42

-3

39

-2

37

8  Pittsburg, Texarkana, Paris, Sulphur Springs

6

0

6

+2

8

9  Wichita Falls

14

-2

12

0

12

10  Richardson, Dallas

136

-5

131

+20

151

11  Fort Worth

71

+26

97

+10

107

12  Waco

27

+1

28

-7

21

13  Austin, not including students at TSBVI

66

+3

69

-2

67

14  Abilene

7

+1

8

+2

10

15  San Angelo

7

-2

5

+1

6

16  Amarillo

10

+5

15

-2

13

17  Lubbock

8

+2

10

-1

9

18  Midland

15

-3

12

0

12

19  El Paso

15

+3

18

+1

19

20  San Antonio

64

+1

65

+2

67

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired

12

+8

20

+4

24

Statewide Totals

736

+48

784

+36

820

Selected Age Groups

 Ages Groups

2018

+ / -

2019

+ / -

2020

Birth-2 years old

39

-3

36

+4

40

3-5 years old

85

+5

90

+19

109

6-12 years old

303

+6

309

+15

324

13-15 years old

143

-7

136

+13

149

16 years and older

166

+47

213

-15

198

TOTAL:

736

*48

784

+36

820

Other Impairments

 Impairments

2018

+ / -

2019

+ / -

2020

Physical

448

+16

464

0

464

Cognitive

455

+7

462

+13

475

Behavior

38

-2

36

+4

40

Complex health care

360

+16

386

+15

401

Speech

615

+21

636

+17

653

Ethnicity

Ethnicity

2018

+ / -

2019

+ / -

2020

American Indian or Alaskan Native

6

-1

5

0

5

Asian

23

+8

31

+2

33

Black or African American

96

+3

99

+2

101

Hispanic or Latino

288

+25

313

+27

340

White (not Hispanic)

306

 +10

316

+4

320

Pacific Islander

2

+1

3

-1

2

Two or more

15

+2

17

+2

19

TOTAL

736

+48

784

+36

820

Degree of Hearing Loss

Hearing Loss 

2018

+ / -

2019

+ / - 

2020

Mild (up to 40 dB)

77

+12

89

+6

95

Moderate (41-55 dB)

182

+13

195

+4

199

Moderately severe (56-70 dB)

129

+4

133

+14

147

Severe (71-90 dB)

122

+2

124

+6

130

Profound (91+ dB)

183

+14

197

+3

200

Documented Functional Hearing Loss

30

+3

33

+5

28

Further testing needed

13

0

13

+8

21

Progressive hearing loss

51

+1

52

+8

60

Special Type of Hearing Loss

 Special Type of Hearing Loss

2018

+ / -

2019

+ / -

2020

Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD)

22

-1

21

+3

24

Auditory Neuropathy (ANSD)

32

+4

36

+2

38

Hearing in one ear only

62

+9

71

+11

82

Hearing Devices

Hearing Devices

2018

+ / -

2019

+ / -

2020

Hearing Aid or Assistive Listening Device

449

+9

458

+31

489

Cochlear Implant

128

+4

132

+15

147

Degree of Vision Loss

 Degree of Vision Loss

2018

+ / -

2019

+ / -

2020

Low vision (better than 20/200)

252

+16

268

+28

296

Legally blind

324

-5

319

+3

322

Light perception only

27

+5

32

+1

33

Totally blind

39

0

39

-4

35

Documented functional vision loss        

77

+25

102

+5

107

Further testing needed                                                               

9

+3

12

0

12

Progressive Vision Loss (New Question in 2017)  

87

+2

89

+11

98

Special Types of Vision Loss

Special Types of Vision Loss

2018

+ / -

2019

+ / -

2020

Cortical visual impairment (CVI)

227

+16

243

+4

247

Vision in one eye only

19

+4

23

+8

31

Uses corrective lenses

351

+26

377

+39

416

Miscellaneous

Miscellaneous

2018

+ / -

2019

+ / -

2020

Has designated intervener (certified)

62

+11

13

+3

16

Has designated intervener (non-certified)

NA

NA

73

+6

79

Receives services from RDSP

300

-18

282

+20

302

Common Etiologies

Etiologies 

2018

+ / -

2019

+ / -

2020

CHARGE Syndrome                   

83

+7

90

+3

93

Dandy Walker syndrome                         

10

0

10

-2

8

Down syndrome                                     

28

+4

32

+1

33

Goldenhar syndrome                  

11

0

11

+2

13

Usher 1 Syndrome                              

20

+2

22

0

22

Usher 2 Syndrome

3

+2

5

0

5

Usher 3 Syndrome

1

+1

2

0

2

Cytomegalovirus (CMV)  

24

-2

22

-3

19

Hydrocephaly       

20

-2

18

+8

26

Microcephaly                            

17

-2

15

+3

18

Other Pre-natal/congenital

25

+3

28

-5

23

Meningitis         

12

-1

11

0

11

Tumors                 

6

+4

10

+3

13

Other Post-natal complications

28

+2

30

+4

34

Complications of Prematurity      

94

+3

97

-3

94

No determination of etiology      

60

+7

67

+5

72