Main content

Alert message

Handout from a webinar on Accessibility of Adobe Connect for Presenters and attendees.

Adobe Connect is a Flash application

Adobe Connect has many more accessibility features for presenters than for users.

Tell Participants before webinar

  • Use Internet Explorer it provides better accessibility for Flash.
  • TSBVI uses a phone bridge (ATT or PGI), we tell participant to Always cancel "audio conferencing"
  • Change the font in the Chat pod to a larger font size. Good for All users.

Presenters before webinar

  • You must send a direct link to the Adobe Connect Room for your course (the url of the window that opens before the Adobe Connect window opens). The general interface for selecting a course from a course listing is not accessible.
  • Adobe Connect Captioning Pod must install every time you create a new room. See Resources below. After the AdobeConnect webinar ends and before you close the meeting room, save the contents of the captioning pod for use when captioning the saved video of the webinar. You may also want to send the caption file to speakers and participants.
  • For all users (including low vision users), consider providing a description of the layout of the presentation window (at the beginning of the webinar, or send it to them before the webinar), so they know where to look. (Chat Pod- top left corner, Caption Pod – bottom left corner, etc.)
  • Change the font size in the text based pods like the Note pod and the Chat pod to a larger size. Easier reading for all users.
  • Anything in the File pod (a list of PowerPoint, other files/documents) - send separately before webinar as a single accessible document (zip file)
  • Hosts can change the name of all pods
  • Presenter must be mindful of placement of pods that pop-up as they will cover up information in the background.
  • Poll Pod
    • Presenter must make the pod large before opening so it can include all of the text of the question.
    • There is a limit of 65 displayed characters for the question. A screen reader will only read the text that is displayed.
    • Before you push the poll, you must make sure all of the question is displayed (65 character limit).
    • For low vision users always put polls (they pop up) in the top left corner of the screen so they are easy to find.
    • There is no indication of the number of choices.
      • You can put the number of items in the title (if space permits), e.g. "what are your 2 favorite colors from the 8 listed."
      • Or, presenter can announce the number of items in a poll.
      • The presenter will need to review results for multiple answer (checkboxes) and multiple choice (radio buttons)
      • You can also include the polls in the handout, so the user will know what is available. Also useful for longer than 65 character questions.
    • Discussion notes pod are emailed to all participants after the presentation.
    • Video pod - not used much. Buffering issues create an unacceptable user experience for videos longer than 90 seconds. We send a link to a posted video.
    • You can set up a participant as a presenter. They will have MUCH better access, but also have the ability to disrupt/crash/etc. your presentation if they are not very good users of adobe connect.


Control-F6 move clockwise between pods, Shift-Control-F6 to move in reverse through pods, Control-F8 open Settings Menu for a particular pod. Pod titles are announced when focused.

Chat pod

Someone on the presenter side monitors, if anything is pertinent to the presentation, then presentation is interrupted and chat message read. Consumer can get to the chat pod to type a comment. Default focus is the new message field. Shift-tab to read messages is the chat window.

Note: Important setting - Read the latest message first (steps below)

  • focus the chat pod,
  • hit Control-F8.
  • Arrow to "reverse order of messages."
  • Hit Enter.

Files pod

A listing of the information that is sent to participants beforehand. File pod is readable and operable from the keyboard.

  • Users can download all files
    • hit Control-F8 for the menu
    • arrow down to "Download All"
    • hit Enter
    • A new window opens
    • Use TAB key until you hear "Click to Download," hit enter
    • Users can download one file.
      • Focus the Files pod,
      • TAB to list box which will read first file name and size (and tell you how many files there are),
      • Down arrow to the file you want,
      • hit SPACE BAR.
      • A new window opens.
      • Use TAB key until you hear "Click to Download",
      • hit enter.

Polls pod

  • Pod pops up, alerts the user (beeps), and moves focus moves to the pod.
  • The question is read. (the only way to reread the question is to unfocus and refocus the pod (Control-F6 move focus to another pod, Shift-Control-F6 move focus back to Poll pod)
  • The user is placed on the first item.
  • Tabbing cycles through all of the answers.
  • There is no indication of the number of items, presenter must provide.
  • User can tab between items, use the enter key to select radio button or checkbox(s) to vote on an item.
  • When a short answer (edit field) is presented the question is asked, the user is already in the edit box (but no indication of being in the edit box is presented.)
    • type the answer,
    • tab to the submit button,
    • hit space to submit answer.
    • Tab again to read all of the results. There is no navigation within the results, they just read in one chunk.
    • When presenter closes the poll pod it will go away.

Discussion notes pod

Can only be read in one chunk from top to bottom. Discussion notes are emailed to all participants after the presentation

Weblinks pod

  • Tab into list box of web links,
  • arrow to select a web link to browse,
  • tab to "browse to" button,
  • space bar activates link and opens in a new browser window.

Raise hand

  • Control-space jump to menu
  • tab 2 times to "Set status button dropdown"
  • SPACEBAR raises hand.
  • SPACEBAR again lowers hand and announces "lower raised hand dropdown"
  • Or
  • CTRL+E will jump to the Set Status Button and raise hand CTRL+E will lower hand but no announcement of either condition is made.


Adobe Connect Captioning Pod

Keyboard shortcuts (mostly for presenters)

Texas Closed Captions

Adobe Connect Troubleshooting page https://<your room>

Tutorials by Pat Van Geem - TSBVI

Tactile Graphics Resource List

Compiled by Judi Piscitello, TVI, COMS (), New York State School for the Blind Outreach Department; in conjunction with Monika K. Rieger, Ph.D. (), Adjunct Professor, Department of Geography, The University of Calgary; Terry Maggiore, TVI, COMS (), Massachusetts; and Robert S. Jaquiss, Jr., Executive director, VIEW International Foundation.

Updated 3/05.

Adapted Graphics Listserv

The Adapted Graphics List's purpose is to discuss graphics designed for people who are blind or visually impaired.  This includes the development of tactile graphics, and other types of information design for folks who are blind or visually impaired. 

Subscribe to the list by sending email to:
with 'subscribe' in the Subject line. 
To post on the list, simply send email to: .

Adobe®Illustrator® Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) drawing software program to produce tactile graphics:

AFB Press

American Foundation for the Blind
11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300
New York, NY 10001

Tactile Graphics by Polly K. Edman
544-page paperback book,
ISBN 089128-194-0, $59.95

Access World and the Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness

American Art Clay Co., Inc.

6060 Guion Road
Indianapolis, IN 46254-1222
(800) 374-1600; Fax: (317) 248-9300
Email: ;

A wide variety of clay, glazes, modeling clay, other craft supplies and pottery equipment.

American Printing House for the Blind, Inc.  (APH)

1839 Frankfort Avenue
Box 6085
Louisville, KY 40206-0085
(800) 223-1839

American Thermoform

1758 Brackett Street
La Verne, CA 91750
(800) 331-3676 / Fax (909) 593-8001

Braillo, Basic-D, Everest-D and Dot& Print Printers and embossers; Duxbury and Megadots braille translation software; Thermoform machines (EZ-Form and Maxi-Form); Swell-form Graphics Machine and Swell-touch Paper; Paper, labeling and binders (Brailon, Compu.Dot, SwellTouch, Braillabels, Embossables, Poly Covers).

Anglia Polytechnic University Enterprises

Researcher institute and supplier of polymer ink graphics, tactile diagrams & 3D printing
Contact: Jonathan Rowell


Art Education for the Blind, Inc.

160 Mercer Street,
New York, New York 11102
phone: (212) 334-3700

Assistive Technology Group at University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

Blind Audio Tactile Mapping System (BATS)

BANA Tactile Graphics Technical  Committee

Braille Jymico

Produces illustrations, graphics and spatial representations adapted to touch recognition for people who are blind using a Graphtact prototype printer designed to produce standardized tactile designs.  Braille Jymico also produces a computerized aluminum master to create Thermoform copies. 

C.A. Reading Technology, Inc.

P2RD Portable Print Reading Device

Carolina Biological Supply Company

2700 York Road,
Burlington, NC 27215-3398
( 800) 334-5551
Fax: 800-222-7112
Sells materials for science teachers including preserved specimens.

Comparison of Thermal Expansion Machines for Raised Line/Tactile Graphics

Computer Center for Visually Impaired People,

Baruch College, City University of New York
Tactual Maps, Floor Plans and Charts
Contact Karen Gourgey: 

Computers to Help People (CHPI)

825 East Johnson Street
Madison, WI 53703
(608) 257-5917 / fax (608) 257-3480
Private, nonprofit organization, providing tactile graphs and maps, and science and mathematics books in Braille and e-text.

Corel Drawing program

produce tactile graphics

Creating and Using Tactile Experience Books for Young Children With Visual Impairments

by Sandra Lewis and Joan Tolla

Creative Adaptations for Learning (CAL)

38 Beverly Road
Great Neck, New York 11021-1330.
Phone: (516) 466-9143
Tactile greeting cards, flashcards, shapes and rhymes books, raised shapes counting cards, etc.

Dots Plus Tactile Fonts

Duxbury Systems, Inc.

270 Littleton Rd., Unit 6
Westford, MA 01886-3523 USA
(978) 692-3000
Fax: (978) 692-7912
Duxbury and Megadots braille translators, LaTeX importer for graphics, Duxbury Braille Board: Easy-to-use translator for sign making.

Equal Access to Software and Information (EASI)

Guide to Math and Graphics

Enabling Technologies

1601 Northeast Braille Place
Jensen Beach, Florida 34957
(800) 777 DOTS / Fax: (800) 950 DOTS

Embossers: Romeo, Thomas, Marathon, Juliet, BookMaker, Braille Express, BraillePlace, PED-30;
Signmakers: PrestoBraille and KGS Braille Labeler;
Print/braille devices: TranSend and Gemini Print and Braille Embosser;
Braille translation software from Duxbury Systems;
Tactile Graphics Hardware & Software: ET-Graphix, Tactile Image Enhancer (TIE) and TIE Jr.; Thermo-Pen, Flexi-Paper"; Tactile Graphics Designer (TGD) Pro Software, TagPad from Repro-Tronics;
Braille Paper


52 Allees Charles-de-Fitte
F-31300 Toulouse, France
+33-561-426866 voice/ +33-561-591382 fax

Copieurs-Relief: French translation and graphics program.

Exceptional Teaching Aids, Inc.

20102 Woodbine Ave.
Castro Valley, CA  94546
(800) 549-6999 / Fax: 510-582-5911

Raised line coloring books; labeling, marking, writing, and transcribing aids

Fingerprints Tactile Books

Fingerprints books are original or retellings of classic tales, with quality tactile illustrations designed to be accessible and understandable to a blind person.  Fingerprints' books are designed by volunteers and are available free of charge or at a reasonable cost.  Contributions to production means are sought through institutions and other interest groups.  When it is otherwise not possible to offer the books free of charge, the book will be similar in cost of a children's book.

Fischer Scientific

Scientific equipment, supplies, and models


Model A Technology
2420 Van Landen Way
Modesto, California 95356
(209) 575-3445; fax: (209) 575-2750
A wide variety of construction sets, some very sophisticated, including pneumatic, robotic, and computer interface components.

Freedom Scientific

11800- 31st Court North
St. Petersburg, FL 33716-1805
(800) 444-4443 FAX (727) 803-8001

Braille Blazer and VersaPoint Duo embossers

Frontier Computing

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Tactile graphics materials, hardware

gh, LLC

Purdue Technology Center
3000 Kent Avenue
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Toll Free: (866) MY-3-DOTS [693-3687]
Fax: (765) 775-2501

LaserLine Graphics, Digital Talking Books, Electronic Braille and Large Print, Random Electronic Access Documents (READ").

Hallogram Publishing

14221 E 4th Ave, Suite 220
Aurora CO 80011
Phone (866) 340-3404/ Fax (303) 340-4404

Scientific Notebook and barcode scanning software and solutions

Holt Anatomical, Botanical and Zoological models

PO BOX 441987,
MIAMI, FLORIDA 33144-1987
(800) 642-HOLT (4658); Fax: (305) 261-9629
Anatomical models for professional use or artistic display, priced to match.

Horizons for the Blind Touch Pictures

Howe Press

Perkins School for the Blind
175 North Beacon Street
Watertown, MA 02172-2790
(617) 924-3434 / FAX (617) 926-2027

Perkins Braillers, Tellatouch & Brailler Accessories, Brailling Slates, Slate Accessories, Braille Paper, Drawing & Measuring Devices (raised line drawing kits, protractors, compasses, tactile rulers, tracing wheels, and rubber pads

Hubbard Scientific

401 West Hickory Street
P.O. Box 2121
Fort Collins, Colorado 80522
(800) 289-9299; fax: (970) 484-1198
A variety of items including a large collection of raised relief maps, useful for showing the actual shape of land areas and are a valuable adjunct to Braille maps.


175 Mason Circle,
Concord, CA 94520
Phone (800) 722-3393/Fax (925) 681-4630
BrailleNote notetaker; Braille Star braille displays; Mountbatten Pro Braille Writer; Paragon, ET, Romeo and Juliet braille embossers; Duxbury Braille Translation software, Pictures in a Flash (PIAF) tactile graphics maker.

Hungry Fingers Educational Tools for Visually Impaired Children

Educational materials to help totally blind learners understand the basics of tactile graphics


iFeelPixel"is a software application designed to create audio-tactile sensations based on image.  Any pictures generated by your computer and being under your cursor position on screen are represented with a subjective audio-tactile sensation on an Immersion TouchSense device and a sound card.  It's the first software that allows a user to feel the pixels on the screen with both haptic and auditory feedback.

Immersion Corporation

TouchSense devices for use with iFeelPixel software

Independent Living Aids, Inc.

200 Robbins Lane
Jericho, NY 11753
Phone (800) 537-2118
Fax: (516) 937-3906

Art History Through Touch and Soundbook with tactile graphics, Braille embossers, braille displays, braille labelers, braille paper, braille translation software, braille writers and braille marking products, Head Start Set of Books with Tactile Images and Braille,raised line drawing kit and polyester film sheets, Mimio Xi electronic whiteboard (diagrams can be sent to a Tiger Embosser), tactile maps, VTPlayer tactile device for Windows PCs

Index Braille

Braille and braille-based tactile graphics embossers and WinBraille braille editor

Tactile Visualization and Tactile Graphics

Information Access Laboratory

INTACT Commission on Maps and Graphics for Blind and Visually Impaired People

ICEB* Tactile Graphics Project

(*International Council on English Braille)
Coordinates research and writing guidelines for tactile graphics (site includes listserv subscription information)

Investigating tactile graphics in the education of blind children

Dr. Frances Aldrich
Reginald Phillips Research Programme
Experimental Psychology
University of Sussex
Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QG, United Kingdom.

Tel: +44 1273 678058 (Direct)
+44 1273 678058 (Dept.)
Fax: +44 1273 678058

IVEO Accessible SVG

The new ViewPlus IVEO Technology is intended as a mainstream method for displaying graphical information that is universally accessible. The IVEO Viewer can be downloaded free from the ViewPlus web site, and is used with the IVEO hardware to make graphical information accessible to blind people.  The Viewer permits a user to mouse-click on objects and hear labels read, identifying those objects.  Any text can also be spoken by mouse-clicking. B lind users can print from the Viewer to any ViewPlus embosser to obtain a tactile copy of the graphic, place it on the IVEO Touchpad and use fingers to locate objects and text and mouse click to hear them.  All spoken information can also be read with an on-line Braille display.  IVEO documents are in Scalable Vector Graphic format.  The IVEO Creator is used to import files from any Windows application or by scanning paper documents, make them accessible, and then save as IVEO SVG. Creator automatically makes all of the text accessible, so a blind user can gain access to many otherwise inaccessible documents without any assistance from a sighted person.  If graphical object labels are essential, then a sighted person needs to click on objects to open a dialog box for adding labels and optional descriptive information.

JP Trading, Inc. (Matsumoto Kosan Corp)

400 Forbes Blvd., Unit3
So.  San Francisco, CA 94080-2026
Tel: (650) 871-3940
Fax: (650) 871-394
Capsule Paper

LaTeX Project

(can be used to prepare technical & scientific documents with tactile graphics):

The Living Paintings Trust

Audio & tactile interpretation of art works

MacKichan Software, Inc.

19307 8th Avenue, Suite C
Poulsbo, WA 98370-7370
(877) 724-9673 / Fax: 360-394-6039

Scientific Notebook for mathematics graphics converted from LaTeX files with Duxburys LaTeX importer

Mapping for the Visually Impaired free downloadable .pdf and CorelDraw maps for education, mobility, transportation and tourism

free downloadable interactive audiotactile maps

  Flash maps (needs a Flash reader, get it from

  SVG Research 1

SVG Research 2


Use the MathType equation editor to insert math into MS Word documents.  Just click on the "export to math page" menu option in the MathType menu after selecting the MathML option.  This gives a XML page that can then be read with any screen reader.  Use Internet Explorer and the free MathPlayer plugin from Design Science, the same people who make MathType.  If your student doesn't have a screen reader and has enough vision not to require something like Jaws, use TextHelp.  It's inexpensive and excellent.

Mimizu refreshable tactile display

National Braille Association

3 Townline Circle,
Rochester, NY  14623-2513
(585) 427-8260; Fax: (585) 427-0263
A membership organization for Braille transcribers.  NBA membership includes quarterly newsletters that contain articles on improving tactile graphics, workshops and handouts regarding tactile graphics.

National Braille Press - tactile graphics creation process tour

National Braille Factory

Vancouver, B.C., Canada
Brailled business cards, documents, books

National Centre for Tactile Diagrams

Conference programme, proceedings, and abstracts for the 1st and 2nd Conference on Tactile Diagrams, Maps and Pictures. Best practice guidelines for the design, production and presentation of vacuum formed tactile maps  Ann Gardiner and Chris Perkins.

Natural Resources Canada - Mapping for the Visually Impaired

Ottawa, ON, Canada
Research department and supplier of web-based maps

NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) Braille Display Project

Refreshable Tactile Display Computer Monitor

Omnicor, Inc.

2432 W. Peoria #1188
Phoenix, AZ 85029
(800) 869-4554 / Fax: (602) 870-9877

Wikki Stix One-of-a-Kind Creatables
(Also available from Exceptional Teaching Aids, Inc.)

Personal Data Systems, Inc.

PO Box 1008, Campbell, CA   95009-1008
408-866-1126 voice
408-866-1128 fax

PicTac software takes an OCR image and turns it into embossable graphics

Preparing Tactile Adaptations for Math and Science

(Video tape) by Myrna Whigham & Dianne Utsinger (CV-5-1196.1)
Iowa State University
Instructional Technology Center
Ames, Iowa 50011-3243
Ph. (515) 294-8022

Princeton Braillists

Tactile atlases and anatomical graphics.
76 Leabrook Lane
Princeton, New Jersey 08540
phone: (609) 924-5207

Project Salute 

resource on tactile learning strategies

Quantum Technology

5 South Street (PO Box 390)
Rydalmere NSW 2116, Australia
+61 2 8844 9888 / Fax +61 2 9684 4717

Mountbatten Brailler, braille displays, braille embossers, braille notetakers and personal data assistants, scanning and OCR software/hardware, Pictures in a Flash (PIAF), Woolly Pen tactile drawing kit


75 Carver Ave.
Westwood, NJ 07675
(800) 948-8453 / FAX (201) 722-1881

Tactile Image Enhancer, Flexi - Paper, Thermo Pen II, tactile graphics software

Robotron Group

15 Stamford Road
Oakleigh 3166

BrailleMaster Braille Transcription software

Science Access Project (SAP)

John Gardner, Director


Making science, math, and engineering information accessible to people with print disabilities.  Products developed in the Science Access Project include the Tiger Tactile Graphics and Braille Embosser, the Accessible Graphing Calculator, and TRIANGLE, a fully accessible DOS program for reading and doing math and science.

Sensible Graphics Tactile Graphics

SensibleGraphics' aim is to increase the availability and use of adapted graphics for the blind and visually impaired. This is done by making graphics available online.  Graphics are free to use for nonprofit purposes.  Various organizations and individuals have supplied graphics for this site.  Graphics are provided as are. Feel free to adapt them.  Support is not provided for the graphics.

Tactile Audio

Tactile Graphics Designer (TGD) develops software to enable design and use of tactile graphics and tactile audio graphics, especially for blind and low vision users. Tactile graphic + Sound = Tagraphic.  Design tools are TGD QikTac, TGD Pro and - TGD Workshop with integrated Braille and tactile graphics in a multimedia setting of touch and sound.  AudioBraille in Workshop leads to Braille learning including graphics on the same page.  AudioPIX, in Workshop leads to speech and sound enhanced tactile images - physics, math, geography; any subject and also for just plain 'fun'.

Tactile Colour Ltd.

42 Inwood Crescent
Brighton, BN1 5AQ, UK.
Phone +44(0)1273 565037

Tactile Colour System of textured vinyl stick-on sheets in twelve bold colors, each with a distinctive texture, used for tactile diagrams -plus: Colour identification cards with raised print and Braille, Greeting cards, Shaped identification stickers, Jigsaw puzzles, Maps to order, Memory cards

Tactile Graphics Design:

Tactile Graphics Downloads:

Tactile Graphics, An Overview Resource Guide:


Tactile Vision, Inc.

461 North Service Rd., W., Unit B11
Oakville, Ontario, Canada L6M 2V5
(905) 465-0755, Fax (905) 465-1334

Raised printing for tactile graphics and braille, produced from hard copy originals or electronic files supplied by the customer, from materials available in Tactile Vision files or from designs commissioned by organizations or individuals.  Applications include maps, calendars, books, business and greeting cards, labels and a wide range of teaching materials.

TAEVIS (Tactile Access to Education for Visually Impaired Students)

TAEVIS, Purdue University
Office of the Dean of Students
509 Harrison Street
West Lafayette IN 47907-2025
Phone: (765) 496 2856 Fax: (765) 496 3423

TAEVIS at Purdue University utilizes a variety of alternative formats to provide academic accommodations for students who are blind, visually impaired, or have other print disabilities. Innovative applications for tactile diagrams, technical braille, and electronic text are opening new opportunities in math, engineering, and science.

Tactile Graphics  Nomad MENTOR:

Nomad is a touch sensitive pad that can be connected to a PC running MENTOR software.  Draw shapes on a piece of paper lying on the pad to be reproduced by the software on the computer screen.  The paper can then be put in an embosser and the screen image embossed over it.  The resulting Tactile Graphic can then be positioned back on the Nomad pad for further work.

Tactile Maps:

Talking Tactile Tablet (TTT)

Touch Graphics

330 West 38 Street, Suite 1204
New York, NY 10018
(646) 515-3492 / FAX (212) 375-6341
Steve Landau demo of Talking Tactile Tablet, a new computer peripheral device, along with an Authoring Tool that allows teachers of blind and visually impaired students to create talking tactile pictures for the TTT.

Technologies for the Visually Impaired, Inc. (TVI)

9 Nolan Ct.
Hauppauge, NY 11788
Voice & Fax: (631) 724-4479

A variety of hardware and software (refreshable braille products, braille embossers, braille translation software, tactile imaging products, accessories, etc.) from various manufacturers, as used (demo/loan) products at a discount

Terrifically Tacky Tape and other products for Tactile Graphics: 

  • tacky tape -
  • Block it -
  • embossing enamel -
  • embossing powder -
  • Raise it -

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Online resource listing, including sources of materials, directions on creating object books, a listing of books, videos, journal articles, web sites, documents and human resources for preparing and teaching the use of quality tactile graphics.  Lots of information about tactile graphics all over the TSBVI site!

ViewPlus Technologies, Inc.

1853 SW Airport Avenue
Corvallis, Oregon 97333
(541) 754-4002
Fax: (541) 738-6505

Tiger printers and embossers that print braille and tactile graphics (including 3-D) direct from mainstream Windows software, DotsPlus® braille font for braille math, the Accessible Graphing Calculator (AGC) that facilitates mathematics accessibility through audio or braille.

Tiger User Group

Subscription (Subject: Sign me up):

Listserv to discuss the use of the Tiger Advantage embosser

VirTouch, Ltd.

Performance Systems
9660 Hillcroft, Suite 302
Houston, Texas 77096
(713) 723-6000
Fax: (713) 723-6221  

Adaptive Technology Consulting
Gayle Yarnall

The Virtual Touch System (VTS) enables remote tactile and audio access for Windows graphics and text through direct feedback from the computer screen.  VTS, with its VirTouch Player and Mouse, also enables the drawing of graphics and displays text tactually in regular alphabets and braille as well as providing audio feedback.



Aldrich, F.K., Sheppard, L. & Hindle, Y. "First steps towards a model of tactile graphicacy", British Journal of Visual  Impairment, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp62 - 67, May 2002.

Sheppard, L & Aldrich F.K. "Tactile graphics in school education: perspectives from teachers," British Journal of Visual Impairment, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp93 - 97, Sept 2001.

Aldrich, F.K. & Sheppard, L."Tactile graphics in school education: perspectives from pupils," British Journal of Visual Impairment, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp69 - 73, May 2001.

Sheppard, L & Aldrich F.K. "Tactile graphics: A beginner's guide to graphics for visually impaired children," Primary Science Review, Vol. 65, pp29 - 30, Nov - Dec 2000.

Aldrich, F.K. & Sheppard, L. "Graphicacy: the fourth 'r'?", Primary Science Review, Vol. 64, pp8-11, Sept - Oct 2000.

Scientific Visualization through Tactile Feedback For Visually Impaired Students
Richard R. Jones

Tactile Depictions for Visually Impaired People: 2D Pictures and Virtual 3D Objects

Homere, an Haptic System for Exploring a 3D Space
JP. Colinot , D. Paris , R. Fournier , F. Ascher PSA Peugeot Citroën, Ondim, CEA-List, Institut pour la ville en mouvement, available from

Presenters Joshua A. Miele, Ph.D.
The Smith Kettlewell Eye Research
Institute 2318 Fillmore St. San Francisco, CA 94115


Presenters Janice Walth
San Joaqin Delta College
Disable Students Programs and Services
5151 Pacific Ave.
Stockton, California 95207
(209) 365-0345

Ted Wattenberg, M.S., C.R.C.
San Joaqin Delta College
Disable Students Programs and Services
5151 Pacific Ave.|
Stockton, California 95207
(916) 736-2251

SCHNEIDER, J., TH. STROTHOTTE, "Virtual Tactile Maps", in: H.-J. Bullinger, J. Ziegler (eds.), Human-Computer Interaction: Ergonomics and User Interfaces, Proc. HCI Int'l. '99 Vol. 1, Mahwah, NJ & London 1999.

The following is a list of questions that should be answered as part of a technology evaluation.

  1. Where do you envision you child/student living when he/she is no longer in school?
  2. What technology devices do you envision your child/student using when she/he is in such a setting? (alerting devices, computer)
  3. Are there any special leisure time activities or skills your child/student requires as you plan for future placement (e.g. occupy time independently)?
  4. Does this student have a caseworker from the Texas Commission for the Blind? If so, have they done any assessments? Do you have copies of the assessments?
  5. How do you (teacher/parent) find out about available and appropriate technology devices?
  6. What devices would allow your student/child to locate and interact with others within his/her immediate environment (students, teachers)?  
  7. Are there times when the student’s communication system doesn't allow him/her to interact with others (eg. braille, tactual signing)?
  8. Does the student have the concept of people not in the immediate environment being accessible? (aunt by telephone)
  9. If she/he does not have the concept, would it be appropriate to work on developing the concept?
  10. Does the student have a vehicle (eg. watch, calendar box, date book) to organize and represent events in his/her past, present, and future? If so please describe.
  11. What are some leisure time activities your child/student enjoys or prefers? (eg. playing with toys, swing)
  12. Does the student's skill level in math indicate a need for technology (calculators)?
  13. How does this student/child communicate requests for objects, actions, or information?
  14. How does this student/child reject objects, actions, and social contacts?
  15. How does this student/child request simple information?
  16. How does this student/child use communication for reporting on past events?
  17. Does the IEP contain goals for expanding student skills and use of time concepts?
  18. Does the LMA checklist contain items appropriate for deaf/blind (eg. tactual sign)?
  19. At what grade level is the student reading successfuly?
  20. On the LMA, what was the student's primary and secondary sensory channel?
  21. Formal and informal auditory assessments indicate that the student:
    _____ alerts to sounds in the environment
    _____ identifies people or objects by auditory cues alone
    _____ detects speech
    _____ comprehends speech (people in environment, talk boards)
    _____ don't know
  22. Did the vocational evaluation yield any needs for technology?
  23. Is there an Informal Transition Plan for this student?
  24. Is there a current technology assessment on this student?
  25. Has this student been referred for an Orientation and Mobility (O&M) evaluation? Did the evaluation indicate any need for technology?
  26. Does the student's FM system allow direct connect for computer usage?

Developed 12-01-97 by Sharon Nichols, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Accessibility Guidelines

The following is a compilation of accessibility guidelines from a variety of sources. If you know of others that should be included, please let Jim Allan () know.  

This page serves as a clearing house for information related to textbook accessibility for students with disabilities. Please send any related information, URLs, etc. to Jim Allan at .

Accessible Textbook Initiatives

Daisy & Digital Talking Books (DTB)

Court Cases (Higher Ed)

Relevant Legislation

Copyright Information

Emerging Technology

AI Squared

Contact Person: Scott Moore
Address: Post Office Box 669
Manchester Center, VT 05255-0669
Phone: (802)362-3612
Fax: (802)362-1670
Product Description: ZoomText XTRA, screen magnification & screen reading software.

American Foundation For The Blind

Contact Person: Mark Uslan
Address: 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300
New York, NY 10001
Phone: (212)502-7638
Fax: (212)502-7773
Product Description: Conducts evaluations of assistive technology and maintains the Careers and Technology Information Bank, a database of employed blind people who are willing to discuss their jobs and the technology they use.

American Printing House For The Blind

Contact Person: Jan Carroll
Address: 1839 Frankfort Avenue
Post Office Box 6085
Louisville, KY 40206-0085
Phone: (502)895-2405
Fax: (502)899-2363
Product Description: Talking software & products for the visually impaired from A.P.H.

American Thermoform Corporation

Contact Person: Ruth Haggen
Address: 2311 Travers Avenue
City Of Commerce, CA 90040-1623
Phone: (323)723-9021
Fax: (323)728-8877
Product Description: Manufacturer and distributors of Braille equipment and material for the blind and visually impaired.

Applied Learning Corporation

Contact Person: Jim Barrett
Address: 1376 Glen Hardie Road
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone: (610)688-6866
Fax: (610)688-6866
Product Description: Adaptive computer keyboards: Experience single-hand, stick or single-finger, head or mouth stick, "expanded" model for tremors or low vision, two-hand ergonomic design.

Arkenstone, Inc.

Contact Person: Renee Clark
Address: NASA-Ames Building Moffett Complex
Building 23, Post Office Box 215
Moffett Field, CA 94035-0215
Phone: (800)444-4443
Fax: (650)603-8887
Product Description: Reading systems and talking maps for blind, visually impaired, or learning disabled individuals.

Bartimaeus Group

Contact Person: Glenn Smith
Address: 1481 Chain Bridge Road, Suite 100
McLean, VA 22101
Phone: (703)442-5023
Fax: (703)734-8381

Product Description: Interactive training CD for the visually impaired.

Freedom Scientific Blind/Low Vision Group

11800 31st Court North
St. Petersburg, FL 33716-1805
Sales & Information: 800-444-4443 (within US)
Sales & Information: 727-803-8000 (worldwide)
Product Description: Notetakers and other products for the blind and visually impaired.

Blista-Brailletec GGmbH

Contact Person: Max Lange
Address: Industriestr. 11
Marburg, GERMANY 35041
Phone: (+49)642-18020
Fax: (+49)642-180214
Product Description: Brailletec makes equipment for note-taking, writing, and printing in Braille. Tactile graphics and talking scientific equipment are also specialties.

Computer Application Specialties Company

P.O. Box 22219
Lincoln, NE 68542-2219
Phone: (402) 423-4782
FAX: (402) 423-5154
Product Description: Edit-PC a direct-entry braille production tool for transcribers. Braille2000 is fully compatible with ED-IT PC and is able to read and write "ABT" kinds of files. But Braille2000 with its New Millennium technology is also XML aware: you can read and write braille XML files as well as translate XML print text into braille.

Columbia Lighthouse For The Blind

Contact Person: Matt Ater
Address: 1421 P Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20005
Phone: (202)462-2900
Fax: (202)462-4717
Product Description: The Assistive Technology Center is a full service technology program. Product sales, national training, assessments and demos are just a few.

Compusult Limited

Contact Person: Paul Mitten
Address: 40 Bannister Street
Post Office Box 1000
Mt. Pearl, NF, A1N 3C9 CANADA
Phone: (709)745-7914
Fax: (709)745-7927
Product Description: Compusult develops and sells assistive devices for the blind and visually impaired for personal and workplace applications. These products include ScanTELL, DigiCite, Responder, Vindicator, Textalk, SounText and AcuVoice. Compusult also designs and implements custom speech technology solutions.

DAISY Consortium

Contact Person: Kjell Hansson
Address: Swedish Library Of Talking Books
S-122 88 Enskede, SWEDEN
Phone: (011)468-399350
Fax: (011)468-6599467
Product Description: The DAISY Consortium is establishing the International Standard for the production, exchange, and use of the next generation of Digital Talking Books. The DAISY Consortium is made up of organizations world-wide serving persons who are blind or print disabled.

Dancing Dots

Contact Person: Bill McCann, President, Dancing Dots
Address: 1754 Quarry Lane
P.O. Box 927
Valley Forge, PA 19482
Phone: 610-783-6692 Fax: 610-783-6732
on the web:

Product Description: For people who need Braille scores fast: The GOODFEEL (TM) Braille Music Translator from Dancing Dots automates transcription of Braille music. Converts various music file formats. Now supports lyrics! Scanning optional; no page limit. GOODFEEL 2.0 is a 32-bit Windows program with full documentation online. Compatible with Cakewalk. Free demo available.

Dolphin Computer Access Group

Dolphin Computer Access
60 East Third Avenue
Suite 301
San Mateo, CA 94401
Phone: 1 (650) 3487401
Tel (Toll Free): +1 866 797 5921
Fax: +1 (650) 348 7403
Product Description: Integrated solutions for visually impaired computer users in magnification, speech & Braille.

Duxbury Systems, Inc.

Contact Person: Neal Kuniansky
Address: 270 Littleton Road, Unit 6
Westford, MA 01886-3523
Phone: (978)692-3000
Fax: (978)692-7912
Product Description: Easy to use Braille translation/word processing software, includes built-in Nemeth (math Braille); foreign language Braille, interline printing, and much more. For Windows (NT, 95, 3.1), DOS, Macintosh. Also, MegaDots - braille translation/word processing software.

EmacSpeak, Inc.

Contact Person: T. V. Raman
Product Description: Emacspeak is a speech interface that allows visually impaired users to interact independently and efficiently with the computer. Available free of cost on the Internet, Emacspeak has dramatically changed how the author and hundreds of blind and visually impaired users around the world interact with the personal computer and the Internet.

En-Vision America, Inc.

Contact Person: Philip Raistrick
Address: 1013 Porter Lane
Normal, IL 61761
Phone: (309)452-3088
Fax: (309)452-3643
Product Description: En-Vision America manufactures a product called i.d. mate. It is a portable electronic device that uses bar codes to identify items in the home and workplace for anyone visually impaired.

Enabling Technologies Company

Contact Person: Tony Schenk
Address: 1601 N.E. Braille Place
Stuart, FL 34957
Phone: (561)225-3687
Fax: (561)225-3299
Product Description: Manufacturer of Braille embossers and Braille and print devices.

Enhanced Vision Systems, Inc.

17911 Sampson Lane
Huntington Beach, CA 92647
Fax: (714)374-1821
Product Description: Enhanced Vision Systems is the manufacturer of innovative products for low vision. Jordy glasses; a portable, head-mounted color camera and display system and the new MERLIN CCTV.

PO Box 710130
Dallas TX 75371
Phone: (888) 420-3200 or (214) 747-3746
Fax: (214) 742-3746
Quality ergonomic, adaptive, assistive products for the cost-conscious customer who expects concise information coupled with solid service.


Contact Person: Ioan Montane
Address: 34, rue du General BRUNET
75019 Paris, FRANCE
Phone: (011)331-53728510
Fax: (011)331-42019840
Product Description: DRACULAwin and DRACULAvox original Braille and voice synthesis screen reader for different versions of Windows. A family of Braille equipment from 20 to 84 characters.

GW Micro, Inc.

Contact Person: Sonja Morgan
Address: 725 Airport North Office Park
Fort Wayne, IN 46825
Phone: (219)489-3671
Fax: (219)489-2608
Product Description: Computer hardware and software for persons who are blind, visually impaired or have learning disabilities.

Freedom Scientific Blind/Low Vision Group

11800 31st Court North
St. Petersburg, FL 33716-1805
Sales & Information: 800-444-4443 (within US)
Sales & Information: 727-803-8000 (worldwide)
Product Description: Screen reading & screen magnification software for the blind & visually impaired.

Handy Tech

NOTE: Humanware is the USA distributor. Contact Person: Rick Plescia
Address: 6245 King Road
Loomis, CA 95650
Phone: (916)652-7253
Fax: (916)652-7296
Distributor Email:
Distributor Website:
Company Website:
Our main products are Braille Output Units (Braille Displays) which make it possible for the blind to work with computer systems. These products include the Braille Wave portable braille note taker, the Bookworm portable braille book reader, and many others.

HIMS, Inc. 

Contact Person: April Foster
Address: 4616 W. Howard Ln, Suite 960
Austin, TX 78728
Phone: 888.520.4467
Fax: 512.837.2011
Product Description: HIMS manufactures video magnifiers, Braille notetakers, Braille displays and daisy book players for individuals blind and visually impaired.

IBM Special Needs Systems

Contact Person: Paul Luther
Address: Marketing And Program Manager
11400 Burnet Road
Austin, TX 78758
Phone: (512)838-4893
Fax: (512)838-9367
Product Description: Come visit us at the IBM Special Needs Systems booth numbers 45 & 46 and learn about solutions available for persons who have disabilities. We will be featuring a new accessibility solution called, Home Page Reader - a self-voicing browser.

Independent  Living Aids, Inc.

Contact Person: Marvin Sandler
Address: 27 East Mall
Plainview, NY 11803-4404
Phone: (800)537-2118
Fax: (516)752-3135
Product Description: Mail order catalog featuring over 700 innovative products for blind & visually impaired individuals and persons with hearing and physical disabilities.

InfoCon, Inc.

Contact Person: Aaron Rawlins
Address: 4550 North Pershing Avenue, Suite 7
Stockton, CA 95207
Phone: (209)478-7075
Fax: (209)478-7074
Product Description: InfoCon is a company that converts books into Large Print. The InfoCon process uses digital technology to generate the highest level of quality text and graphics for the visually impaired. InfoCon books are bound with a hard full-color cover and stitched professionally to ensure beautiful and long lasting books.

Infogrip, Inc.

Contact Person: Liza Jacobs
Address: 1141 East Main Street
Ventura, CA 93001
Phone: (805)652-0770
Fax: (805)652-0880
Product Description: Infogrip's Options Catalog is the complete source for computer access & ergonomic solutions. We carry computer keyboards, pointing devices, switches, educational software, mounting devices & ergonomic supports.

Innoventions, Inc.

Contact Person: Tom Winter
Address: 5921 South Middlefield Road, Suite 102
Littleton, CO 80123-2877
Phone: (303)797-6554
Fax: (303)727-4940
Product Description: Magni-Cam electronic magnifier system - portable, compatible magnification for low vision.

IntelliTools, Inc.

Contact Person: Joan Cunningham
Address: 55 Leveroni Court, Suite 9
Novato, CA 94949-5751
Phone: (415)382-5959
Fax: (415)382-5950
Product Description: IntelliTools is the Developer & Manufacturer of IntelliKeys, the Award Winning Alternative Keyboard, & Publisher of Accessible Adaptable Software for People with Disabilities. Programs include Creativity Tools for Macintosh and Windows computers, math and language arts curriculum software.

JBliss Imaging Systems

Contact Person: Karin August
Address: Post Office Box 1746
Los Altos, CA 94023
Phone: (408)557-6748
Fax: (408)246-5735
Product Description: Products for people with low vision and blindness including VIPinfoSoft, ezVIP, and VIPintoNet.

Kurzweil Educational Systems

Contact Person: Mario Ball
Address: 14 Crosby Drive
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone: 781.276.0657
FAX: 781.276.0650
Product Description: Text to speech software for the learning disabled. Software which converts text to speech for the blind and visually impaired.

MagniSight, Inc.

Contact Person: Richard Kendal
Address: Post Office Box 2653
3360 Adobe Court
Colorado Springs, CO 80907
Phone: (719)578-8893
Fax: (719)578-9887
Product Description: Manufacturer of quality CCTV products for the visually impaired.

Matias Corporation

Contact Person: Edgar Matias
Address: 600 Rexdale Boulevard, Suite 1204
Toronto M9W 6T4 CANADA
Phone: (416)749-3124
Fax: (416)740-4132
Product Description: Half-QWERTY one-handed keyboard software allows a regular keyboard to function as a one-handed keyboard, at speeds of up to 91% of two-handed rate.

Metroplex Voice Computing

Contact Person: Nancilu McClellan
Address: Post Office Box 121984
Arlington, TX 76012
Phone: (817)261-1658
Fax: (817)543-1103
Product Description: Speech recognition software - MathTalk, ArithmeticTalk and Math BrailleTalk.

Micro Talk

203 Pleasantview Ave.
Louisville, KY 40206
(502) 897-5789
Fax (502) 721-6083
Product Description: Screenreader ASAW.

Mindmaker, Inc.

Contact Person: Lordita Canlas
Address: 224 Airport Parkway, Suite 550
San Jose, CA 95110
Phone: (408)467-9200
Fax: (408)467-9202
Product Description: TextAssist Pro is a text reading agent that can read out loud from any Windows-based application. You can easily use it to read email messages, WEB pages and other documents, or even teach it recite poetry or sing songs!

Ontario Rehabilitation Technology Consortium

Contact Person: Dayle Levine
Address: Bloorview MacMillan Centre
350 Rumsey Road
Toronto, Ontario, M4G 1R8 CANADA
Phone: (416)425-6220
Fax: (416)425-1634
Product Description: The ORTC, a R & D consortia, and its commercial partners are proud to display the commercially available VisAble Calculator, software upgrades for the Virtual Reality Mouse, new vision product prototypes, ListenUp!, Midimate, DrivePoint, Extender and recently translated versions of the WiViK product line into Danish, German, French and Swedish.

Optelec U.S., Inc.

Contact Person: Natalie Crosier
Address: 6 Lyberty Way
Westford, MA 01886
Phone: (800)828-1056
Fax: (978)692-6073

Product Description: Optelec is pleased to be premiering their complete new line of on-screen video magnifiers. Designed by users, for users, see our new sleek design, ergonomically-designed controls and auto-focus. As a Low Vision Industry leader, Optelec (a Tieman Company) is now setting the standard for the new millennium. Stop by and see what all the talk is about!

Origin Instruments Corporation

Contact Person: Melvin Dashner
Address: 854 Greenview Drive
Grand Prairie, TX 75050-2438
Phone: (972)606-8740
Fax: (972)606-8741
Product Description: Manufacturer of HeadMouse (TM), SofType (TM), and Dragger (TM). These products replace the functionality of a standard desktop mouse and keyboard for people who are unable to use their hands.

Pitney Bowes Office Systems

Contact Person: Dawnyielle Peeples
Address: 100 Oakview Drive
Trumbull, CT 06611
Phone: (203)365-7021
Fax: (203)365-6156
Product Description: The Universal Access Copier System was designed to meet the needs of people with disabilities. The system incorporates speech recognition, extra large touch screen interface, Braille labeling on control panel and keyboard.


Contact Person: Hiroyuki Murakami
Address: Kyodo Bldg (Tokyo Ekimae)
4-21 Yaesu, 1-Chome
Chuo-ku, Tokyo, 103-0028 JAPAN
Phone: (+81)335-178061
Fax: (+81)335-178065
Product Description: CD-based digital talking book player, "PLEXTALK".

Pulse Data International, Inc.

Contact Person: Mark Goodkin
Address: 351 Thornton Road, Suite 119
Lithia Springs, GA 30057
Phone: (888)734-8439
Fax: (770)732-8580
Product Description: Experience Pulse Data's - Simple-to-use SmartView video magnifiers (CCTV'S), with superb full color and crisp B/W displays, which are available as Stand-alone units, or with Computer-interface; Portable ViewPoint II systems, also with Computer-interface; Unique "Smart Keys" and "Smart Keyboard Organizers" with on-screen displays of Time, Day, Date, Calculator, Electronic Rolodex, Appointment Calendar, Memo Pad. PDI - "The Smart Choice!"

Quantum Technologies

Contact Person: Tim Connell (Australia & world), Chris Foster (US)
Address: 6245 King Road
Loomis, CA 95650
Phone: (800) 722-3393 (US)
Email: ,
Product Description: Quantum Technology is an Australian company specializing in the development, manufacture and distribution of technology solutions for people with vision impairment. Products include: Mountbatten - electronic braillewriter, Nomad - accessible multimedia tactile graphic board, braille translator, and others.

Recording For The Blind & Dyslexic

Contact Person: Annemarie Cooke
Address: 20 Roszel Road
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone: (609)520-8080
Fax: (609)520-7990
Product Description: RFB&D is a national nonprofit organization serving people with print disabilities. We provide on-loan recorded textbooks at all academic levels.

Repro-Tronics, Inc.

Contact Person: Dave Skrivanek
Address: 75 Carver Avenue
Westwood, NJ 07675
Phone: (201)722-1880
Fax: (201)722-1881
Product Description: Repro-Tronics will be demonstrating hardware and software for the creation and production of Tactile graphical images. Products include the Tactile Image Enhancer, Flexi-Paper, Thermo-Pen and the Tactile Graphic Designer series of software. Graphic designs can be produced either as a print or embossed output.

Revolution Enterprises, Inc./Handiworks

Contact Person: Maressa Fox
Address: 12170 Dearborn Place
Poway, CA 92064
Phone: (619)679-5785
Fax: (619)679-5788
Product Description: Revolution is the manufacturer of the graphite cane. Handiworks makes the cane holders.

WizCom Technologies Ltd.

257 Great Road,
Acton, MA 01720
Tel: +1-978-635-5357, Toll Free: +1-888-777-0552, Fax: +1-978-929-9228
Product Description: Quicktionary - hand-held portable scan and hear dictionary. Defines and pronounces words scanned from any text.

SensAbility, Inc.

Contact Person: Ed Vitu
Address: 283 Peterson Road
Libertyville, IL 60048
Phone: (847)367-9009
Fax: (847)367-4003
Product Description: The Galileo reading system - print to speech.

Tack-Tiles Braille Systems, LLC

Contact Person: Kevin Murphy
Address: Post Office Box 475
97 Forrest Street
Plaistow, NH 03865
Phone: (603)382-1904
Fax: (603)382-1748
Product Description: TACK-TILES (R) Braille Systems provide a smoother, shorter, more interesting universal access to Braille literacy, mathematics, computers, music and entertainment. With these, a father and educator offers Braille as it ought to be learned and enjoyed.

Technologies For The Visually Impaired, Inc.

Contact Person: John Panarese
Address: 9 Nolan Court
Hauppauge, NY 11778
Phone: (516)724-4479
Fax: (516)724-4479
Product Description: Products for RoBoTron of Australia and other adaptive devices and software for the blind and visually impaired.

Telesensory Corporation

Contact Person: Bob Rodewald
Address: 520 Almanor Avenue
Sunnyvale, CA 94086-3533
Phone: (408)616-8700
Fax: (408)616-8753
Product Description: Video magnifiers, Braille & speech access and reading machines for the blind and visually impaired.

The Learning Studio

Contact Person: Elspeth Sladden
Address: 500 West End Avenue, #12B
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212)874-2427
Fax: (212)580-7759
Product Description: Keyboard Coach System for teaching computer keyboarding to LD, ADD, or low vision students. "Studentworks" graphic study organizer.

ViewPlus Technologies, Inc.

1853 SW Airport Avenue
Corvallis, Oregon 97333
Phone: 541.754.4002
Fax: 541.738.6505
Product Description: TIGER Advantage is a personal computer printer that embosses crisp, high-resolution tactile graphics and Braille. Equipped with Windows 95/98 printer drive, the embosser prints a combination of text and graphics directly from any application inWindows. The text is translated into Braille and the graphics are represented in tactile form. TIGER Advantage is also a network printer that can be shared among multiple users connected on the net.

USA Contact: Yigal Yoeli/Avi Tessler (Performance Systems Inc.)
Address: 9660 Hillcroft, Suite 302
Houston, TX 77096
Phone: (713)723-6000
Fax: (713)723-6221
Product Description: VirTouch Ltd. is the developer of the Virtual Touch System (VTS) - revolutionary new computer hardware and software for the visually impaired, giving them remote tactile access for mastery of multiple Windows applications: graphics, text, education programs, art, photography and tactile games. In addition, VTS displays text tactually in regular alphabets, as well as Braille.

Vision Technology, Inc.

Contact Person: Mike Neary
Address: 8501 Delport Drive
St. Louis, MO 63114-5905
Phone: (800)560-7226
Fax: (314)890-8383
Product Description: Vision Technology’s pursuit of innovative design has led the company to the forefront of the low vision industry. We offer 2X magnification allowing individuals with the beginning stages of low vision the benefit of these products; as well as those needing higher magnification. VTI manufactures desktop, portable and distance-viewing CCTVs.


Address: 841 Jean-Paul Vincent
Lonqueuil, Quebec, CANADA J4G 1R3
Phone: (888) 723-7273 (USA & Canada)
Fax: (450)463-0120
Product Description: Victor Reader Daisy compliant, this line of digital talking book player allows the reading of talking books recorded on CD-ROM. Victor Reader products from VisuAide allows the user to jump straight to a specific section or passage, skip from page to page, consult the table of contents, and insert bookmarks.

Voice Diary Ltd.

Contact Person: Arik Hinkis
Address: Misgav Technology Center
D.N. Misgav 20179 ISRAEL
Phone: (011)972-49906034
Fax: (011)972-49906355
Product Description: Manufactures the Voice Diary - the only voice user interface organizer designed for visually impaired people.

WinTrans Braille Translator

WinTrans is a windows interface to the NfbTrans program. Its purpose is to allow windows users to translate text files to grade II braille and grade II braille files to text without dealing with the dos environment in which NfbTrans runs. NFBTrans is included in the download.


Zoomax is a developer and manufacturer of technology dedicated to creating independence for people with vision impairments offering a full line of low vision products, including handheld, portable and desktop video magnifiers. 

AFB Task Force on Access Technology Services

General Training Information

JAWS Information

Specific Device Information

Programming Accessibility