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he student Data Program plays and important role for students with Visual Impairments and DeafBlindness in Texas.  In January each year, two important counts are made on behalf of the Texas Education agency related to students with visual impairments and deafblindness by this agency.  These are known respectively as the Registration of students in Texas with Visual Impairment and the Texas DeafBlind child count.

Information is gathered about every student in Texas identified as having a visual impairment or deafblindness who is enrolled in a public, private, or charter school on the first Monday of January each year.  The kinds of information that is gathered includes information about the degree and cause of the visual impairment, age of the child, location of the school and type of program where the child or student receives his/her education whether or not the child uses braille or large print and other information.

This student information is completely confidential.  However, summary demographic data is used for long-term planning and identifying trends and issues for students with visual impairments and deafblindness at Texas Education Agency, the twenty Education Service Centers, Texas Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC) Blind Children’s Program, Texas Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC) Early Childhood Intervention Program (ECI), Texas Education Agency and Outreach Programs.  Other agencies and organizations may request specific information to help them advocate for services for individuals with visual impairments and deafblindness at all age levels.

Additionally the number of students counted each year on the VI Registration generates funds based on number of students who are legally blind.  These funds are used to purchase materials from the American Printing House for the Blind for local districts through the APH Materials Loan Program.

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Student Data Quick Links

2019 Registration of Students in Texas with Visual Impairments Summary

2019 Texas DeafBlind Child Count


 2019 Registration of Students in TX with Visual Impairment & 504 Summary

2019 Statewide Results

ESC

COMBINED

VIR & 504

VIR COUNT

504 COUNT

AGES

0 - 2

AGES

3 - 5

AGES

6 - 22

BRAILLE

VISUAL

AUDITORY

LB

VI ONLY

AT

OM EVAL

OM SERV.

1

668

568

100

16

50

602

28

378

39

398

152

572

499

264

2

244

192

52

9

11

224

5

152

12

132

52

193

179

70

3

150

124

26

10

21

119

*

76

*

64

26

120

113

66

4

2,028

1,680

348

74

173

1,781

62

1,064

33

1,062

438

1,620

1,529

867

5

159

152

7

*

16

143

7

69

*

93

38

146

91

25

6

514

369

145

16

58

440

15

317

14

219

102

336

359

258

7

514

449

65

15

54

445

8

271

12

260

108

442

424

253

8

121

97

24

5

7

109

*

80

5

51

27

83

88

56

9

175

163

11

8

21

146

*

105

*

65

55

151

162

23

10

1,645

1,302

343

62

161

1,422

32

904

20

750

357

1,188

1,150

574

11

941

765

176

56

117

768

35

493

13

389

217

728

740

410

12

434

329

105

15

40

379

5

208

16

202

76

249

305

178

13

909

703

206

35

93

780

29

516

26

488

169

687

662

451

14

119

*

*

*

19

96

*

72

7

66

37

104

113

19

15

153

136

17

9

15

129

*

97

*

66

50

103

131

40

16

184

164

20

*

22

158

*

100

*

87

55

166

147

43

17

187

177

10

13

33

141

*

83

*

98

48

156

173

50

18

173

154

19

10

20

143

*

89

10

82

46

125

151

43

19

346

301

45

12

29

305

8

162

5

172

61

281

258

85

20

952

738

214

41

100

811

24

513

25

531

174

685

688

372

STATE

10,616

8,681

1,935

408

1,059

9,141

283

5,749

246

5,275

2,288

8,135

7,962

4,147

TSBVI

137

137

0

0

0

137

48

37

16

128

44

135

135

130

TOTAL

10,753

8,818

1,935

415

1,060

9,278

331

5,786

262

5,403

2,332

8,270

8,097

4,277

*indicates fewer than 5 students

Ethnicity

Ethnicity

# of Students

American Indian or Alaskan Native

43

Asian

357

Black or African American

1,482

Hispanic or Latino

4,443

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

36

Two or More Races

251

White

4,151

Selected Age Groups

Age groups

# of Students

0 to 2 years old

415

3 to 5 years old

1,060

6 to 22 years old

9,278

Level of Vision

Level of Vision

Total

MDB - Meets Definition of Blindness

3,495

FDB - Meets Functional Definition of Blindness

1,908

NLB - Not Legally Blind

5,350

Reading Medium

Reading Medium

Visual

Auditory

Braille

Pre-Reader

Symbolic / Non-Reader

Primary Reading Medium

5,786

262

331

1,204

3,170

Secondary Reading Medium

99

2,858

118

NA

NA

O&M Services, O&M Evaluation, & Assistive Technology

Have or Received

Yes

No

Received O&M Services

4,277

6,476

Have Current O&M Evaluation

8,090

2,663

Received Assistive Technology

8,270

2,483

Primary Vision Loss Ordered from Most to Least Common

Order

Condition Name

#

1

Cortincal Visual Impairment (CVI)

1,550

2

Other (Condition not listed - Write in)

1,465

3

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

949

4

Optic Nerve Hypoplasia (ONH)

700

5

Unknown

608

6

Nystagmus

584

7

Optic Nerge Atrophy

568

8

Amblyopia

514

9

Albinism

388

10

Myopia

292

11

Cataracts (including aphakia)

253

12

Ocular Motor (including esotropia)

246

13

Glaucoma

211

14

Coloboma (of iris/retina/optic nerve)

201

15

Hyperopia

156

16

Septo-Optic Dysplasia (SOD)

151

17

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

126

18

Retinal Detachment

124

19

Syndrome (other)

121

20

Retinitis Pigmentosa

116

21

Optic Nerve (other)

111

22

Retinal Disorders (other)

107

23

Microphthalmia

105

24

Cone-Rod/Rod-Cone Dystrophy

73

25

Hydrocephaly

68

26

CHARGE Syndrome

67

27 

Aniridia

65

28

Cornea Problems (incl. astigmatism)

63

29

Retinoblastoma

63

30

Cerebral Palsy (CP)

61

31

Shaken Baby Syndrome

54

32

Lebers Amaurosis

53

 33

Stargardts Disease

47

34

Tumors

44

35

Hemianopsia

42

36

Anophthalmia

35

37

Achromatopsia

28

38

Marfan Syndrome

27

39

Trauma to Eye

26

 40

Microcephaly

24

41

Peter's Anomoly

23

42

Usher Syndrome 1

21

43

Retinoschisis

20

44

Meningitis

19

45

Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

18

46

Delayed Visual Maturation (DVM)

18

47

Vitreous Disorders

16

48

Joubert Syndrome

15

49

Stroke

14

50

Enucleation

13

51

Macular Degeneration

12

52

Encephalitis

11

53

Mitochondrial Disorder

11

54

Toxoplasmosis

11

55

Cornelia de Lange (CDL)

10

56

Batten Disease

9

57

Asphyxia

8

58

Sturge-Weber Syndrome

8

59

Chemically Induced (fetal alcohol, drug exposure)

*

60

Infections (other)

*

61

Rubella

*

62

Herpes Simplex (HSV)

*

63

Usher Syndrome 2

*

*indicates fewer than 5 students

Secondary Vision Loss Ordered from Most to Least Common

Order

Condition Name

#

1

Nystagmus

1,311

2

Other (Condition not listed - Write in)

1,195

3

Myopica

473

4

Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI)

436

5

Amblyopia

393

6

Ocular Motor (incl. estropia)

328

7

Optic Nerve Atrophy

279

8

Hyperopia

188

9

Retinal Detachment

131

10

Cataracts (incl. aphakia)

130

11

Optic Nerve Hypoplasia

122

12

Glaucoma

121

13

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

103

14

Coloboma (of iris/retina/optic nerve)

81

15

Optic Nerve (other)

74

16

Cornea Problems (incl. astigmatism)

62

17

Cerebral Palsy (CP)

60

18

Septo-Optic Dysplasia (SOD)

58

19

Hemianopsia

54

20

Microphthalmia

53

21

Hyrdrocephaly

42

22

Retinal Disorders (other)

41

23

Syndrome (other)

33

24

Microcephaly

29

25

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

26

26

Albinism

19

27 

Enucleation

18

28

Unknown

18

29

CHARGE Syndrome

15

30

Delayed Visual Maturation (DVM)

13

31

Shaken Baby Syndrome

13

32

Stroke

13

 33

Aniridia

10

34

Cone-Rod/Rod-Cone Dystrophy

9

35

Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

9

36

Encephalitis

9

37

Retinitis Pigmentosa

9

38

Tumors

8

39

Anophthalmia

7

 40

Asphyxia

7

41

Achromatopsia

6

42

Infections (other)

6

43

Macular Degeneration

*

44

Marfan Syndrome

*

45

Mitochondrial Disorder

*

46

Retinoblastoma

*

47

Vitreous Disorders

*

48

Joubert Syndrome

*

49

Toxoplasmosis

*

50

Cornelia de Lange (CDL)

*

51

Lebers Amaurosis

*

52

Meningitis

*

53

Trauma to Eye

*

54

Usher Syndrome 1

*

55

Chemically Induced (fetal alcohol, drug exposure)

*

56

Herpes Simplex (HSV)

*

57

Peter's Anomoly

*

58

Retinoschisis

*

59

Sturge-Weber Syndrome

*

*indicates fewer than 5 students


2019 Texas DeafBlind Child Count Summary

Recent Year Totals

Year

Total

2019

784

2018

736

2017

706

Students Numbers by ESC Region

Region 

2019

+ / -

2018

+ / -

2017

1  Edinburg, Rio Grande Valley, Laredo

25

+5

20

-3

23

2 Corpus Christi

13

+1

12

+1

11

3  Victoria

9

+1

8

-1

9

4  Houston

161

-1

162

+11

151

5  Beaumont

16

+2

14

0

14

6  Huntsville, Bryan, Conroe

25

+5

20

-3

20

7  Kilgore, Tyler, Lufkin

39

-3

42

+1

41

8  Pittsburg, Texarkana, Paris, Sulphur Springs

6

0

6

-2

8

9  Wichita Falls

12

-2

14

+3

11

10  Richardson, Dallas

131

-5

136

+6

130

11  Fort Worth

97

+26

71

+9

62

12  Waco

28

+1

27

-1

28

13  Austin, not including students at TSBVI

69

+3

66

+2

64

14  Abilene

8

+1

7

+1

6

15  San Angelo

5

-2

7

+2

5

16  Amarillo

15

-1

10

-1

11

17  Lubbock

10

+5

8

+3

5

18  Midland

12

-3

15

-2

17

19  El Paso

18

+3

15

0

15

20  San Antonio

65

+1

64

+7

57

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired

20

+8

12

-3

15

Statewide Totals

784

+48

736

+30

706

Selected Age Groups

 Ages Groups

2019

+ / -

2018

+ / -

2017

Birth-2 years old

36

+10

39

+8

31

3-5 years old

90

+6

85

+1

84

6-12 years old

309

+5

303

+14

289

13-15 years old

136

-7

143

+10

133

16 years and older

213

+47

166

-3

169

Other Impairments

 Impairments

2019

+ / -

2018

+ / -

2017

Physical

464

+16

448

+23

425

Intellectual

462

+7

455

+16

439

Behavior

36

-2

38

+3

35

Complex health care

386

+26

360

+19

339

Communication

363

+21

615

+26

589

Ethnicity

 Ethnicity

2019

+ / -

2018

+ / -

2017

American Indian or Alaskan Native

5

-1

 6

-2

8

Asian

31

+8

23

-2

25

Black (not Hispanic)

99

+3

96

+12

84

Hispanic

313

+25

288

+18

270

White (not Hispanic)

316

 +10

306

+1

305

Pacific Islander

Fewer than 5

0

Fewer than 5

0

Fewer than 5

Two or more

17

+2

15

+3

12

Degree of Hearing Loss

 Hearing Loss

2019

+ / -

2018

+ / - 

2017

Mild (up to 40 dB)

89

+12

77

-16

81

Moderate (41-55 dB)

195

+13

182

+20

162

Moderately severe (56-70 dB)

133

+4

129

-5

134

Severe (71-90 dB)

124

+2

122

+9

113

Profound (91+ dB)

197

+14

183

+13

170

Documented Functional Hearing Loss

33

+3

30

+1

29

Further testing needed

13

0

13

+1

29

Progressive hearing loss

52

+1

51

+48

3

Special Type of Hearing Loss

 Types

2019

+ / -

2018

+ / -

2017

Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD)

21

-1

22

-4

26

Auditory Neuropathy (ANSD)

36

+3

32

+4

28

Hearing in one ear only

71

+9

62

+2

60

Hearing Devices

 Devices

2019

+ / -

2018

+ / -

2017

Hearing Aid or Assistive Listening Device

458

+9

449

+17

432

Cochlear Implant

132

+4

128

+16

112

Degree of Vision Loss

 Vision Loss

2019

+ / -

2018

+ / -

2017

Low vision (better than 20/200)

268

+16

252

+19

233

Legally blind

319

-5

324

+9

315

Light perception only

32

+5

27

-2

29

Totally blind

39

0

39

+4

5

Documented functional vision loss        

102

+25

77

+2

75

Further testing needed                                                               

12

+3

9

+4

5

Progressive Vision Loss (New Question in 2017)  

89

+2

87

+73

14

Special Types of Vision Loss

 Types

2019

+ / -

2018

+ / -

2017

Cortical visual impairment (CVI)

243

+16

227

+21

206

Vision in one eye only

23

+4

19

+3

16

Uses corrective lenses

377

+26

351

+28

323

Miscellaneous

 Miscellaneous

2019

+ / -

2018

+ / -

2017

Has designated intervener (non-certified)

73

+24

62

+1

61

Has designated intervener (certified)

13

Receives services from RDSP

282

-18

300

+28

272

Etiologies (more than 10 students identified)

 Etiologies

2019

+ / -

2018

+ / -

2017

CHARGE Syndrome                   

90

+13

83

+7

76

Dandy Walker syndrome                         

10

0

10

0

10

Down syndrome                                     

32

+4

28

+2

26

Goldenhar syndrome                  

11

0

11

-2

13

Usher 1 Syndrome                                  

22

+2

20

0

20

Cytomegalovirus (CMV)              

22

-2

24

0

24

Hydrocephaly                                         

18

-2

20

+3

17

Microcephaly                            

15

-2

17

+4

13

Other Pre-natal/congenital

28

+3

25

-1

26

Meningitis                                               

11

-1

12

+2

10

Tumors                                                     

10

+4

6

-2

8

Other Post-natal complications  

30

+2

28

+1

27

Complications of Prematurity      

97

+3

94

-5

99

No determination of etiology      

67

+7

60

+3

57