Instructional Resource Library

Thank you for visiting the TSBVI Instructional Resource Library. Currently, the only resources available are articles. We will continue to add content in all areas, so please check back frequently.

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A Brief History of Tactile Writing Systems for Readers With Blindness and Visual Impairments

This article describes and illustrates a variety of tactile writing systems used with individuals with blindness. Tactile codes included are New York Point, Boston Line Type, American Modified Braille, Moon type, Fishburne and standard Braille. Alternative media including Tack-tiles and tactile symbols are also discussed. Since the original publication of this article, the United States has adopted the Unified English Braille code, replacing the English Braille American Edition code. (Spanish version also available.)

Formal Versus Informal Hearing Tests: What Is Functional Hearing?

Discussion of ways to test hearing and how to determine an individual’s functional hearing.


Article (PDF)

Transition from School to Adult Life in the Community: A Three-Part Planning Sheet

A helpful guide to transition planning for students with complex access needs.


Article (PDF)
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