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Special Education Programs - services to students with disabilities, birth to 22

Admission, Review, and Dismissal (ARD) - a TEA mandated formal meeting which addresses the student's Special Education eligibility and program needs; occurs when the student initially enrolls in a district, annually, when a student exits a district, or parent /guardian request at any time during the school year; includes (but not limited to): parent/s, classroom teacher/s, VI teacher, diagnostician, related staff, Texas Department of Assistive and Rehabilitative Services (formerly known as Texas Commision for the Blind) representative, student, principal; 10 month plan

Individual Family Services Plan (IFSP) - children in the birth to 2 years and 364 days range have this type of plan, instead of the IEP; reviewed every 6 months; reevaluated annually; 12 month plan

Early Childhood Intervention (ECI) - - children under 3 years of age are under this agency's guardianship

Preschool Programs for Children With Disabilities (PPCD) - - once a child turns 3, s/he enters the public school system's jurisdiction; under ARD recommendation, the student can be enrolled in PPCD

Extended School Year (ESY) - - summer services recommended for students; based on the State regulation that "the student has exhibited, or reasonably may be expected to exhibit, severe or substantial regression that cannot be recouped within a reasonable period of time".

Transition Plan (ITP) - to prepare students in special education programs for a successful transition life outside of the public school system. Initial plan written at 14. Specific goals are addressed annually once student turns 16

Free and Public Education (FAPE) - - law that basically state that students who qualify to receive special education will not be charged for such services

Texas Education Agency (TEA) - governing body which regulates school districts' policies for both general and special education programs

Education Service Center (ESC) - supports districts in areas such as instructional program and curriculum development, implementation and compliance with state and federal laws and regulations, personnel development, inservice training, technical assistance in support of direct service providers, and direct service. This support based on a regional needs assessment plan, which is addressed annually.

Diagnostician - employed by the district; case manager of students' comprehensive evaluation records

Teacher of the Visually Impaired (VI Teacher) - person with specialized training in the unique educational needs of students with visual impairments; falls in the category of Instructional staff

Functional Vision Evaluation / Learning Media Assessment (FVE / LMA - an evaluation of performance of tasks in a variety of environments requiring the use of both near and distance vision; the FVE can be performed by the VI Teacher or O&M Instructor (more commonly by the VI Teacher); the LMA can only be performed by a VI Teacher; determines recommendation for clinical low vision and O&M evaluations

Low Vision Evaluation - a functional evaluation performed by a Low Vision Specialist, who evaluates the need for low vision devices, to include glasses and sunshades, monoculars, and magnifiers

Related Services - services which are developmental, corrective, supportive, or evaluative; NOT instructional in nature; O&M , Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, Speech Therapy, and special transportation fall into this category

Instructional Services - VI teachers, classroom and Special Education teachers

Special Education Director - head (director) of the Special Education Department

Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) - required if direct services are recommended; specifies the student's annual targeted goals, objectives, and placements; written by instructional and related service persons

Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) - for the child's learning potential; ensures that children with disability will not be placed in settings based on "disability", but rather on needs determined by formal evaluations; ensures that students with disabilities have same access to school facilities and functions (such as extracurricular) as students without disabilities

Full and Individual Evaluation (FIE) - a full battery of assessments performed every 3 years; includes the FVE / LMA, O&M, eye report, and education/social/psychological

Assistive Technology (AT) - any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of children with disabilities; a cane is considered an assistive technology device