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Quiz

Choose one answer that best completes the item or question.

  1. Kira, a 3-month-old with congenital cataracts, uses nonspeech sounds such as laughing, reaching, pushing, and tugging to communicate her needs. Kira’s level of c
    1. nonconventional presymbolic communication
    2. intentional behavior
    3. conventional presymbolic communication
    4. concrete symbolic communication
  2. Michaela’s mother is concerned about her daughter’s communication development. Michaela currently communicates through crying and fussing, smiling and laughing, gesturing (e.g., waving bye), and speaking five single words (“mama,” “dada,” “baba” for bottle, “hey,” and “more”). Her mother wants to know what language Michaela will most likely develop next. After explaining that communication is variable, you say Michaela will probably begin to do what next?
    1. Develop a vocabulary of 50 words
    2. Begin to put two words together into phrases
    3. Learn ritual words and phrases (e.g., “bye bye” or “all gone”)
    4. Start asking wh- questions
  3. What is the most important factor in encouraging attachment between a parent and a child with a visual impairment?
    1. The amount of time a caregiver spends with a child
    2. The amount of time a caregiver talks to a child
    3. The level of caregiver responsiveness to the child’s cues
    4. The level of caregiver game playing with the child
  4. Gayle bounces Don on her lap, singing, “Ride a Little Horsey.” When the song ends, Don begins to bounce on his own, and Gayle sings the song again. Which of the following best describes this interaction?
    1. This is an appropriate nonlinguistic communication involving a social routine.
    2. This is an appropriate nonlinguistic communication because the child enjoys it.
    3. This is an inappropriate nonlinguistic communication involving self-stimulating behavior.
    4. This is an inappropriate nonlinguistic communication because the child does not have to vocalize.
  5. A concept is a
    1. general idea that develops through repeated experience with specific events.
    2. specific idea that develops through general experiences.
    3. general idea that emerges as children begin to use language to label their thoughts.
    4. specific idea that children develop from direct instruction.
  6. Which of the following is an example of how children communicate expressively during the nonlinguistic stage?
    1. Jonas says, “Milk.”
    2. Vera listens to a song.
    3. Rita eats her finger foods.
    4. Marsha cries.
  7. Which of the following is an example of how children communicate receptively during the nonlinguistic stage?
    1. Becoming quiet when spoken to
    2. Naming body parts
    3. Drinking
    4. Sleeping
  8. Which of the following nonlinguistic communications do children with severe visual impairments rarely demonstrate?
    1. Babbling
    2. Waving
    3. Smiling
    4. Cooing
  9. Which of the following statements is true of nonlinguistic communication in children with visual impairments and additional disabilities?
    1. They develop communication behaviors that are more individualized.
    2. They develop communication at the same rate as children who are blind.
    3. They develop communication, but adults may not understand them.
    4. Both a and c.
  10. Communication requires two components, expressive communication and receptive communication. Which of the following correctly describes expressive and receptive?
    1. Expressive communication means understanding someone else’s communication, and receptive communication means communicating your own thoughts.
    2. Receptive communication means understanding someone else’s communication, and expressive communication means communicating your own thoughts.
    3. Expressive communication means communicating your emotions, and receptive communication means communicating ideas.
    4. Receptive communication means communicating ideas, and expressive communication means communicating your emotions.
  11. Professionals often assign ages to certain benchmarks in language development. Which of the following statements is true?
    1. If children have not produced a first true word by their first birthday, they have a language delay.
    2. If children do not imitate words until 18 months, they have a language delay.
    3. If children reach speech benchmarks at the typical ages, there are no communication problems.
    4. If children do not reach language benchmarks within the usual age range, they should be monitored for possible communication problems.
  12. Which of the following is an example of a difficulty with pragmatics that commonly occurs in children with visual impairments?
    1. Juan initiates conversations with people even if they are strangers.
    2. Allison notices her sister’s smile and smiles back even when she is supposed to be eating.
    3. Carlos rarely starts a conversation with his mother even if he has a toy to talk about.
    4. Janet responds to her mother’s voice by walking toward her.

Answers to Quiz

  1. Kira, a 3-month-old with congenital cataracts, uses nonspeech sounds such as laughing, reaching, pushing, and tugging to communicate her needs. Kira’s level of communicative competence is referred to as
    • a. Nonconventional presymbolic communication
  2. Michaela’s mother is concerned about her daughter’s communication development. Michaela currently communicates through crying and fussing, smiling and laughing, gesturing (e.g., waving bye), and speaking five single words (“mama,” “dada,” “baba” for bottle, “hey,” and “more”). Her mother wants to know what language Michaela will most likely develop next. After explaining that communication is variable, you say Michaela will probably begin to do what next?
    • c.       Learn ritual words and phrases (e.g., “bye bye” or “all gone”)
  3. What is the most important factor in encouraging attachment between a parent and a child with a visual impairment?
    • c.       The level of caregiver responsiveness to the child’s cues
  4. Gayle bounces Don on her lap, singing, “Ride a Little Horsey.” When the song ends, Don begins to bounce on his own, and Gayle sings the song again. Which of the folPage Breaklowing best describes this interaction?
    • a.  This is an appropriate nonlinguistic communication involving a social routine.
  5. A concept is a
    • a.  general idea that develops through repeated experience with specific events.
  6. Which of the following is an example of how children communicate expressively during the nonlinguistic stage?
    • d.       Marsha cries.
  7. Which of the following is an example of how children communicate receptively during the nonlinguistic stage?
    • a.       Becoming quiet when spoken to
  8. Which of the following nonlinguistic communications do children with severe visual impairments rarely demonstrate?
    • b.       Waving
  9. Which of the following statements is true of nonlinguistic communication in children with visual impairments and additional disabilities?
    • d.       Both a and c.
  10. Communication requires two components, expressive communication and receptive communication. Which of the following correctly describes expressive and receptive?
    • b.  Receptive communication means understanding someone else’s communication, and expressive communication means communicating your own thoughts.
  11. Professionals often assign ages to certain benchmarks in language development. Which of the following statements is true?
    • d.  If children do not reach language benchmarks within the usual age range, they should be monitored for possible communication problems.
  12. Which of the following is an example of a difficulty with pragmatics that commonly occurs in children with visual impairments?
    • c.  Carlos rarely starts a conversation with his mother even if he has a toy to talk about.