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Quiz

Choose one answer that best completes the item or question.

  1. Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the relationship between communication and literacy?
    1. Communication and literacy are part of a continuous and interrelated process that begins at birth.
    2. Communication develops from birth, and literacy is an outgrowth of communication as children reach preschool age.
    3. Communication, specifically symbolic communication, is a prerequisite for the emergence of literacy skills.
    4. Communication and literacy develop in parallel, but separate, developmental sequences.
  2. Communication and literacy develop best when
    1. parents provide a structured learning environment from birth.
    2. parents encourage their children to play with language in many forms.
    3. parents encourage play with communication and provide direct instruction for literacy.
    4. parents encourage play with literacy and provide direct instruction for communication.
  3. Which of the following is an example of a communicative context in which communication and literacy develop?
    1. The nonverbal communication of a parent to a child (smiling, cuddling, etc.) while reading a storybook
    2. The presence of many children’s books in a home
    3. The cultural expectations for children with disabilities to communicate and read
    4. The frequency of visits provided by an early interventionists
  4. Which of the following is an example of a situational context in which communication and literacy develop?
    1. A parent handing a child a bottle while saying “Milk”
    2. The federal legislation that mandates early intervention services
    3. The use of sign language to communicate
    4. The presence of a braillewriter beside the crayons at a childcare center
  5. For communication to be meaningful, children must have
    1. an identified learning medium.
    2. multiple communicative partners.
    3. concepts about their world.
    4. formal language skills.
  6. Very young children develop concepts best through
    1. direct instruction about objects in the environment.
    2. repeated active experiences involving as many senses as possible.
    3. limiting their experiences so they are not overwhelmed by too many new concepts at one time.
    4. their parents talking to them about concepts.
  7. Communication includes
    1. Nonlinguistic/prelinguistic communication and language.
    2. language only.
    3. prelinguistic communication only.
    4. prelinguistic communication and reading.
  8. Nonlinguistic/prelinguistic communication encourages the development of
    1. language and motor skills.
    2. motor skills and social skills.
    3. social skills and language.
    4. language and daily living skills.
  9. Emergent literacy
    1. involves adult-guided instructional activities.
    2. includes formal reading and writing skills.
    3. only applies to print, not to braille.
    4. includes the settings and experiences that encourage literacy.
  10. Children with visual impairments and additional disabilities
    1. may be more delayed in developing communication and literacy skills than are children with only visual impairments.
    2. develop communication and literacy skills at the same rate as do children with only visual impairments.
    3. do not require adaptations to experience communication and literacy skills.
    4. should not be expected to develop communication and literacy skills under most circumstances.
  11. To provide effective early intervention, early interventionists, TVIs, and orientation and mobility specialists must
    1. be able to direct families and other members of the early intervention team in issues related to emergent literacy.
    2. focus exclusively on family priorities in order to provide family-centered practices.
    3. implement family-centered practices and collaborate with other members of the early intervention team.
    4. implement transdisciplinary services that address the child’s developmental needs.

Answers to Quiz

  1. Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the relationship between communication and literacy?
    • a. Communication and literacy are part of a continuous and interrelated process that begins at birth.
  2. Communication and literacy develop best when
    • b.  parents encourage their children to play with language in many forms.
  3. Which of the following is an example of a communicative context in which communication and literacy develop?
    • a. The nonverbal communication of a parent to a child (smiling, cuddling, etc.) while reading a storybook
  4. Which of the following is an example of a situational context in which communication and literacy develop?
    • d.  The presence of a braillewriter beside the crayons at a childcare center
  5. For communication to be meaningful, children must have
    • c.  concepts about their world.
  6. Very young children develop concepts best through
    • b.  repeated active experiences involving as many senses as possible.
  7. Communication includes
    • Nonlinguistic/prelinguistic communication and language.
  8. Nonlinguistic/prelinguistic communication encourages the development of
    • c.  social skills and language.
  9. Emergent literacy
    • d.  includes the settings and experiences that encourage literacy.
  10. Children with visual impairments and additional disabilities
    • a. May be more delayed in developing communication and literacy skills than are children with only visual impairments.
  11. To provide effective early intervention, early interventionists, TVIs, and orientation and mobility specialists must
    • c.  implement family-centered practices and collaborate with other members of the early intervention team.