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Activity A: Identifying Communicative Attempts

Participant Guidelines

The purpose of this assignment is to describe the communicative interactions between children with visual impairments and their parents, other adults, and other children.

Materials. Video clip CL 1-06, “Communication in Young Children With VI”

Directions

  1. Watch video clip CL 1-06.
  2. Use the questions listed below to describe the communication shown in the video clip. Turn in written answers to your instructor.
    1. How did the children with visual impairments communicate with adults or other children? Did the children with visual impairments use linguistic or nonlinguistic communication or a combination of both?
    2. How did the adults and other children communicate with the children with visual impairments? Did they use linguistic or nonlinguistic communication or a combination of both?
    3. In order for communication to be successful, one partner must express a message and the other partner must receive a message. Which communicative attempts were not received by a partner and why?
    4. Did the children’s visual impairments affect communication? If so, how?
    5. Did the children with visual impairments use compensatory communication strategies? If yes, please describe.
    6. Did the adults make adjustments to facilitate communication? If so, describe adjustments.
  3. Discuss your responses with other participants in small groups, as a class, or in an online discussion.
  4. After the discussion, watch the video clip a second time to view other aspects of the communication not identified earlier. What did you observe this time that you did not notice during your initial viewing?

Background Information

Patti is 23 months old with cortical visual impairment, hearing impairment, and motor impairments. She is seen during a home visit with her TVI and mother.

Alex is 27 months old with retinoblastoma. He is seen attending a playgroup with other children with visual impairments accompanied by his mother.

Michaela is 29 months old, has Leber’s congenital amaurosis, and appear to have light perception. She is seen at a playgroup with other children with visual impairments with her mother and her TVI.