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A baby plays with toys on a tray.“According to some researchers, vision is usually involved in 90% of the learning that takes place in early development” (Ferrell, 1996, p 89).

Do you know an infant or a child who appears to have difficulty seeing the world around him?  Have you noticed any unusual visual behaviors or difficulty in one of your students or patients?  Take a minute and find out how you can help put them in touch with agencies that may be of service.  Let’s help children maximize their education by maximizing their VISION!

The Statewide Leadership Services for Blind and Visually Impaired has created these brochures to share with parents, teachers, doctors, day care providers and others to make them more aware of the signs associated with vision impairment and where to go for resources and support related to intervention.

Download the Eye Find Brochure in English - PDF  DOCX

Warning Signs 

Atypical Visual Behaviors that might indicate the need for an examination and or assessment:

  • Moving closer to an object for viewing
  • Tilting of the head to view objects or face
  • Squinting
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Excessive rubbing of eyes
  • Excessive tearing
  • Consistent eye turn (amblyopia)
  • Rapid eye movements (Nystagmus)

Vision is not just in the structure of the eye.  These medical conditions might indicate the need for an assessment by a teacher of     students with visual impairments.

  • Prematurity (i.e. ROP)
  • Syndromes: (i.e. Down, Charge)
  • Stroke
  • Anoxia (oxygen deprivation)
  • Glaucoma
  • Cataracts
  • Albinism
  • Optic Nerve Hypoplasia
  • Cerebral Palsy 

Typical Visual Behaviors:


  • Focus on objects 8-10 inches away
  • Eyes have difficulty working together

3 months

  • Tracks moving objects
  • Eyes are beginning to work together
  • Beginning of a directed reach

6 months

  • Turns head to see objects
  • Accurate reach (depth perception)
  • Good color vision/favorite color
  • Sees at greater distances
  • Picks up dropped toys

12 months

  •  Shows interest in pictures
  • Points and gestures
  • Places shapes in board
  •  Judges distances
  •  Recognizes own face in mirror.

18 months

  • Recognizes familiar objects
  • Scribbles with crayons or pens
  • Shows interest in exploring