Main content

Alert message


A primary purpose of the public school curriculum is to prepare thoughtful, active citizens who understand the importance of patriotism and can function productively in a free enterprise society with appreciation for the basic democratic values of our state and national heritage. The School shall foster the continuation of the tradition of teaching United States and Texas history and the free enterprise system in regular subject matter, in reading courses, and in the adoption of textbooks.  Education Code 28.002(h)

As a condition of accreditation, the School shall provide instruction in the essential knowledge and skills at appropriate grade levels in the foundation and enrichment curriculum.  Education Code 28.002(c); 19 TAC 74.1(b)

The School shall ensure that all children in the School participate actively in a balanced curriculum designed to meet individual needs.  Education Code 28.002(g)

Instruction may be provided in a variety of arrangements and settings, including mixed-age programs designed to permit flexible learning arrangements for developmentally appropriate instruction for all student populations to support student attainment of course and grade-level standards.  19 TAC 74.2


The School shall offer the following as a required curriculum:

Foundation Curriculum

  1. A foundation curriculum that includes:
    1. English language arts and reading;
    2. Mathematics;
    3. Science; and
    4. Social studies, consisting of Texas, United States, and world history; government; geography; and economics with emphasis on the free enterprise system and its benefits.

Education Code 28.002(a)(1); 19 TAC 74.1(a)(1)

Enrichment Curriculum

  1. An enrichment curriculum that includes:
    1. Languages other than English, to the extent possible.  American Sign Language is a language for these purposes and the School may offer an elective course in the language;
    2. Health, with emphasis on the importance of proper nutrition and exercise;
    3. Physical Education;
    4. Fine arts;
    5. Career and technology education;
    6. Technology applications; and
    7. Religious literature, including the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament) and New Testament, and its impact on history and literature.

Education Code 28.002(a)(2) (e); 19 TAC 74.1(a)(2)

Local Credit

The School may offer courses for local credit, at its discretion, in addition to those in the required curriculum, but it may not delete or omit instruction in the foundation and enrichment curricula specified above.

Education Code 28.00 2(f); 19 TAC 74.1(b)


The Expanded Core Curriculum shall be used as a framework for assessing, planning individual goals and providing instruction to TSBVI students.  The expanded core curriculum shall include all of the following:

  1. Compensatory or functional academic skills, including communication modes.
  2. This area of the Expanded Core Curriculum shall include learning experiences such as concept development, spatial understanding, study and organizational skills, speaking and listening skills, and adaptations necessary for accessing all areas of the existing core curriculum. TSBVI students shall receive Instruction based on communication needs, which will vary, depending on degree of functional vision, effects of additional disabilities, and the task to be done. Students may use braille, large print, print with the use of optical devices, regular print, tactile symbols, a calendar system, sign language, and/or recorded materials to communicate.
  3. Orientation and Mobility
  4. Social interaction Skills
  5. Independent Living Skills
  6. Recreation and Leisure Skills
  7. Career Education
  8. Use of Assistive Technology
  9. Sensory Efficiency Skills (visual, auditory, and tactual)
  10. Self-Determination


The School's local instructional plan may draw on state curriculum frameworks and program standards as appropriate. The School is encouraged to exceed minimum requirements of law and State Board rule.

Education Code 28.002(g)


TEA shall make available to the School one or more coordinated health programs or allow the development of School programs designed to prevent obesity, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes in elementary, middle, and junior high school students.  Each program must provide for coordinating:

  1. Health education;
  2. Physical education and physical activity;
  3. Nutrition services; and
  4. Parental involvement.

Education Code 38.013; 19 TAC 102.1031(a)

The School shall participate in appropriate training to implement TEA’s coordinated health program and shall implement the program in each elementary, middle, and junior high school in the School.  Education Code 38.014

Coordinated school health programs that are developed by the School and that meet TEA criteria may be approved and made available as approved programs.  The School must use materials that are proven effective, such as TEA-approved textbooks or materials developed by nationally recognized and/or government-approved entities.  19 TAC 102.1031(c)


The School shall establish specific objectives and goals the School intends to accomplish through the physical education curriculum.  The physical education curriculum must be sequential, developmentally appropriate, and designed, implemented, and evaluated to enable students to develop the motor, self-management, and other skills, knowledge, attitudes, and confidence necessary to participate in physical activity throughout life.

A physical education course shall:

  1. Offer students an opportunity to choose among many types of physical activity in which to participate;
  2. Offer students both cooperative and competitive games; and
  3. Be an enjoyable experience for students.

On a weekly basis, at least 50 percent of a physical education class shall be used for actual student physical activity and the activity shall be, to the extent practicable, at a moderate or vigorous level.

Student/Teacher Ratio

The objectives and goals shall include, to the extent practicable, student/teacher ratios that are small enough to enable the School to:

  1. Carry out the purposes and requirements for the physical education curriculum; and
  2. Ensure the safety of students participating in physical education.

Education Code 25.114, 28.002(d); 19 TAC 74.37


The School shall classify students for physical education on the basis of health into one of the following categories:

  1. Unrestricted—not limited in activities.
  2. Restricted—excludes the more vigorous activities.  Restricted classification is of two types:
    1. Permanent—A member of the healing arts licensed to practice in Texas shall provide written documentation to the school as to the nature of the impairment and the expectations for physical activity for the student.
    2. Temporary—Students may be restricted from physical activity of the physical education class.  A member of the healing arts licensed to practice in Texas shall provide written documentation to the school as to the nature of the temporary impairment and the expected amount of time for recovery.  During recovery time, the student shall continue to learn the concepts of the lessons but shall not actively participate in the skill demonstration.
  3. Adapted and remedial—specific activities prescribed or prohibited for students as directed by a member of the healing arts licensed to practice in Texas.

19 TAC 74.31


The Board shall establish a local school health advisory council to assist the School in ensuring that local community values and health issues are reflected in the School's health education instruction.  Education Code 28.004(a)  [See BDF regarding composition of council and FFA regarding federal wellness requirements.]


The council's duties include recommending:

    1. The number of hours of instruction to be provided in health education;
    2. Curriculum appropriate for specific grade levels designed to prevent obesity, cardiovascular disease, and Type II diabetes through coordination of health education, physical education, and physical activity, nutrition services, parental involvement, and instruction to prevent the use of tobacco;
    3. Appropriate grade levels and methods of instruction for human sexuality instruction; and
    4. Strategies for integrating the curriculum components specified by item 2, above, with the following elements in a coordinated school health program:
      1. School health services;
      2. Counseling and guidance services;
      3. A safe and healthy school environment; and
      4. School employee wellness.

Education Code 28.004(c)

The council shall consider and make policy recommendations to the School concerning the importance of daily recess for elementary school students.  The council must consider research regarding unstructured and undirected play, academic and social development, and the health benefits of daily recess in making the recommendations.  The council shall ensure that local community values are reflected in any policy recommendations made to the School concerning the importance of daily recess for elementary school students.  Education Code 28.004(h)


The board shall determine the specific content of the School’s instruction in human sexuality.  Education Code 28.004(h)

Any instruction relating to human sexuality, sexually transmitted diseases, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) shall be selected by the Board with the advice of the local school health education advisory council. The instruction must:

  1. Present abstinence as the preferred choice of behavior for unmarried persons of school age;
  2. Devote more attention to abstinence than to any other behavior;
  3. Emphasize that abstinence is the only method that is 100 percent effective in preventing pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, infection with HIV or AIDS, and the emotional trauma associated with adolescent sexual activity;
  4. Direct adolescents to a standard of behavior in which abstinence before marriage is the most effective way to prevent pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, infection with HIV or AIDS; and
  5. Teach contraception and condom use in terms of human use reality rates instead of theoretical laboratory rates, if instruction on contraception and condoms is included in the curriculum.

Education Code 28.004(e)


The School may not distribute condoms in connection with instruction relating to human sexuality.  Education Code 28.004(f)


If the School provides human sexuality instruction, it may separate students according to sex for instructional purposes.  Education Code 28.004(g) [See FB regarding single-sex classes under Title IX]


Before each school year, the School will provide written notice to a parent of each student enrolled of the board’s decision regarding whether human sexuality instruction will be provided to students.  If instruction will be provided, the notice must include:

  1. A summary of the basic content of the School’s human sexuality instruction to be provided to the student, including a statement informing the parent of the instructional requirements under state law;
  2. A statement of the parent’s right to:
    1. Review curriculum materials as provided by Education Code 28.004(j); and
    2. Remove the student from any part of that instruction without subjecting the student to any disciplinary action, academic penalty, or other sanction imposed by the School; and
  3. Information describing the opportunities for parental involvement in the development of the curriculum to be used in human sexuality instruction, including information regarding the local school health advisory council.

A parent may use the grievance procedure at FNG concerning a complaint of a violation of notice requirements.

Education Code 28.004(i)-(i-1)

Availability of Materials

The School shall make all curriculum materials used in human sexuality instruction available for reasonable public inspection.  Education Code 28.004(j)  [See EFAA regarding selection of curriculum materials for human sexuality instruction]


The School shall, at appropriate grade levels as determined by the State Board of Education, provide to students involved in extracurricular athletic activities information developed by TEA regarding the use of anabolic steroids and the health risks involved with such use.  Education Code 38.0081(b)

The School shall post in a conspicuous location in the school gymnasium and each other place in a building where physical education classes are conducted a notice regarding steroids, using the text set forth at Education Code 38.008 [see FNCF(Exhibit)]  Education Code 38.008

Education Code 38.008

Adopted:          11/13/81
Amended:         9/21/84, 1/29/93, 1/26/96, 3/21/97, 5/28/03, 1/28/05, 9/22/06, 11/16/07, 11/9/12, 9/20/13