FO Student Discipline


The Board shall adopt a Student Code of Conduct (SCOC) for TSBVI with the advice of the Instructional Planning Council. The student code of conduct must:

  1. Specify the circumstances, in accordance with Education Code Chapter 37, Subchapter A, under which a student may be removed from a classroom, campus, or disciplinary alternative education program (DAEP), or vehicle owned and operated by TSBVI.
  2. Specify conditions that authorize or require a principal or other appropriate administrator to transfer a student to a DAEP.
  3. Outline conditions under which a student may be suspended, as provided by Education Code 37.005 [see FOB], or expelled, as provided by Education Code 37.007 [see FOD].
  4. Specify that consideration will be given as a factor in each decision concerning suspension, removal to a DAEP, or expulsion, regardless of whether the decision concerns a mandatory or discretionary action to:
    1. Self-defense;
    2. Intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct;
    3. A student’s disciplinary history;
    4. A disability that substantially impairs the student’s capability to appreciate the wrongfulness of the student’s conduct;
    5. A student’s status in the conservatorship of the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services; or
    6. A student’s status as student who is homeless.
  5. Provide guidelines for setting the length of removal to a DAEP or of expulsion. Except as provided by Education Code 37.007(e) (Gun-Free Schools Act [see FOD], TSBVI is not required to specify a minimum term of removal or expulsion.
  6. Address the notification of the parent or guardian of a student’s violation of the Student Code of Conduct that results in suspension, removal to a DAEP, or expulsion.
  7. Prohibit bullying, harassment, and making hit lists and ensure that TSBVI employees enforce those prohibitions. “Bullying” has the meaning provided by Education Code 37.0832. [see FFI]“Harassment” means threatening to cause harm or bodily injury to another student, engaging in sexually intimidating conduct, causing physical damage to the property of another student, subjecting another student to physical confinement or restraint, or maliciously taking any action that substantially harms another student’s physical or emotional health or safety.

    “Hit list” means a list of people targeted to be harmed using a firearm, as defined by Penal Code 46.01(3) [see FNCG]; a knife, as defined by Penal Code 46.01(7) (any bladed hand instrument that is capable of inflicting serious bodily injury or death by cutting or stabbing a person with the instrument); or any other object to be used with intent to cause bodily harm.

  8. Provide, as appropriate for students at each grade level, methods, including options, for:
    1. Managing students in the classroom, on school grounds, and on a vehicle owned or operated by TSBVI;
    2. Disciplining students; and
    3. Preventing and intervening in student discipline problems, including bullying, harassment and making hit lists.

    The methods adopted must provide that a student who is enrolled in a special education program under Education Code Chapter 29, Subchapter A, may not be disciplined for bullying, harassment, or making hit lists until an admission, review or dismissal (ARD) committee meeting has been held to review the conduct. [see FOF]

  9. Include an explanation of the provisions regarding refusal of entry to or ejection from TSBVI property under Education Code 37.105 [see GKA], including the appeal process established under 37.105(h).

Education Code 37.001(a)-(b-1), (e)


The law enforcement duties of security personnel [see CKE] must be included in the Student Code of Conduct. Education Code 37.081(d)(2)


Once the Student Code of Conduct is promulgated, any change or amendment shall be approved by the Board.


The Student Code of Conduct must be posted and prominently displayed at TSBVI or made available for review at the office of the Principal. Education Code 37.001


Each school year, TSBVI shall provide parents with notice of and information regarding the Student Code of Conduct. Education Code 37.001(d)

Noncustodial Parent

A noncustodial parent may request in writing that, for the remainder of the school year in which the request is received, TSBVI provide that parent with a copy of any written notification that is generally provided to a student’s parent or guardian, relating to student misconduct under Education

Code 37.006 or 37.007. TSBVI may not unreasonably deny the request. Notwithstanding this requirement, TSBVI shall comply with any applicable court order of which TSBVI has knowledge. Education Code 37.0091


TSBVI shall provide each teacher and administrator with a copy of Education Code Chapter 37, Subchapter A regarding student discipline and with a copy of the related local policy. Education Code 37.018


The Principal is designated to serve as the campus behavior coordinator (CBC). The Principal may select another campus administrator to serve as CBC.

The CBC is primarily responsible for maintaining student discipline and the implementation of Education Code Chapter 37Subchapter A.


The specific duties of the CBC may be established by campus or board policy. Unless the policy provides otherwise, duties imposed on the Principal or other campus administrator by Education Code Chapter 37Subchapter A must be performed by the CBC and a power granted to a Principal may be exercised by the CBC.

Notice to Parents

The CBC shall promptly notify a student’s parent or guardian if the student is placed into in-school or out-of-school suspension, placed in a DAEP, expelled, or placed in a JJAEP or is taken into custody by a law enforcement officer.

The CBC must provide notice by promptly contacting the parent or guardian by telephone or in person; and making a good faith effort to provide written notice of the disciplinary action to the student, on the day the action is taken, for delivery to the student’s parent or guardian.

If a parent or guardian entitled to notice has not been reached by telephone or in person by 5 p.m. of the first business day after the day the disciplinary action is taken, the CBC shall mail written notice of the action to the parent or guardian at the parent’s or guardian’s last known address.

If the CBC is unable or not available to promptly provide notice, the principal’s other designee shall provide the notice. Education Code 37.0012

Website Requirement

TSBVI shall post on the School’s website the email address and dedicated telephone number of a person clearly identified as the campus behavior coordinator. Education Code 26.015


Except for students who are suspended or expelled, no student may be placed in an unsupervised setting as a result of conduct for which a student may be placed in a DAEP. Education Code 37.008(h)


If TSBVI takes disciplinary action against a student and the student subsequently enrolls in another district or school before the expiration of the period of disciplinary action, TSBVI shall provide to the district or school in which the student enrolls, at the same time other records of the student are provided, a copy of the order of disciplinary action.

“Disciplinary action” means a suspension, expulsion, placement in an alternative education program, or other limitation in enrollment eligibility of a student.

“District or school” includes an independent school district, a home-rule school district, a campus or campus program charter holder, or an open-enrollment charter school.

Education Code 37.022


If a student is placed in in-school suspension or other alternative setting other than a DAEP, TSBVI shall offer the student the opportunity to complete, before the beginning of the next school year, each course in which the student was enrolled at the time of removal. TSBVI may provide the opportunity by any method available, including a correspondence course or distance learning. Education Code 37.021 [For DAEP notice requirements, [see FOC.]


TSBVI shall provide a student suspended under Education Code 37.005, an alternative means of receiving all coursework provided in the classes in the foundation curriculum under Education Code 28.002(a)(1) that the student misses as a result of the suspension. TSBVI must provide at least one option for receiving the coursework that does not require the use of the internet. Education Code 37.005(e)


A School employee or volunteer or an independent contractor of TSBVI may not place a student in seclusion. Education Code 37.0021(c)

“Seclusion” means a behavior management technique in which a student is confined in a locked box, locked closet, or locked room that:

  1. Is designed solely to seclude a person; and
  2. Contains less than 50 square feet of space.

Education Code 37.0021(b)(2)


This prohibition on seclusion does not apply to:

  1. A peace officer performing law enforcement duties: or
  2. An educational services provider with whom a student is placed by a judicial authority, unless the services are provided in an educational program of a school district.

Law Enforcement Duties

Law enforcement duties means activities of a peace officer relating to the investigation and enforcement of state criminal laws and other duties authorized by the Code of Criminal Procedure.

Education Code 37.0021(b)(4), (g)


TSBVI shall report electronically to TEA, in accordance with standards provided by commissioner rule, information relating to the use of restraint by a peace officer performing law enforcement duties on school property or during a school-sponsored or school-related activity. The report must be consistent with the requirements adopted by commissioner rule for reporting the use of restraint involving students with disabilities [see FOF]. Education Code 37.0021(i)

“Restraint” means the use of physical force or a mechanical device to significantly restrict the free movement of all or a portion of a student’s body. Education Code 37.0021(b)(i) [see FOF]. Education Code 37.0011(a)


Corporal punishment or acts of any kind of deliberate infliction of physical pain by hitting a student including but not limited to slapping, paddling, spanking, shaking, jerking, or any physical force which is directed at causing physical pain is prohibited. The term does not include physical pain caused by reasonable physical/activities associated with athletic training, competition or physical education or the use of restraint as authorized under Education Code 37.0021 [see FOFEducation Code 37.0011(a)


The use of force, but not deadly force, against a student is justified if the teacher or administrator is entrusted with the care, supervision, or administration of the student when, and to the degree the teacher or administrator reasonably believes the force is necessary, to further the purpose of education or to maintain discipline in a group. Penal Code 9.62


TSBVI, its employees, volunteers, or contractors may not apply an aversive technique, or cause an aversive technique to be applied to a student by consent, authorization or order.

“Aversive technique” means an intervention that is intended to reduce the likelihood of a behavior reoccurring by intentionally inflicting on a student significant physical or emotional discomfort or pain. The term includes a technique or intervention that:

  1. Is designed to or likely to cause physical pain, other than an intervention permitted under Education Code 37.0011 [see Corporal Punishment above];
  2. Notwithstanding the above corporal punishment provisions, is designed to or likely to cause physical pain through the use of electric shock or any procedure that involves the use of pressure points or joint locks;
  3. Involves the directed release of a noxious, toxic, or otherwise unpleasant spray, mist, or substance near the student’s face;
  4. Denies adequate sleep, air, food, water, shelter, bedding, physical comfort, supervision, or access to a restroom facility;
  5. Ridicules or demeans the student in a manner that adversely affects or endangers the student’s learning or mental health or constitutes verbal abuse;
  6. Employs a device, material, or object that simultaneously immobilizes all four extremities, including any procedure that results in such immobilization known as prone or supine floor restraint;
  7. Impairs the student’s breathing, including any procedure that involves:
    1. Applying pressure to the student’s torso or neck; or
    2. Obstructing the student’s airway, including placing an object in, on, or over the student’s mouth or nose or placing a bag, cover, or mask over the student’s face;
  8. Restricts the student’s circulation;
  9. Secures the student to a stationary object while the student is in a sitting or standing position;
  10. Inhibits, reduces, or hinders the student’s ability to communicate;
  11. Involves the use of a chemical restraint;
  12. Constitutes a use of timeout that precludes the student from being able to be involved in and progress appropriately in the required curriculum and, if applicable, toward the annual goals in the student’s IEP, including isolating the student by physical barriers; or
  13. Except as provided below, deprives the student of the use of one or more of the student’s senses.

Education Code 37.0023(a)-(b)

An aversive technique that deprives the student of the use of one or more of the student’s senses may be used if the technique is executed in a manner that:

  1. Does not cause the student discomfort or pain; or
  2. Complies with the student’s IEP or behavior intervention plan.

Nothing in this section may be construed to prohibit a teacher from removing a student from class under Education Code 37.002 [see FOA]

Education Code 37.0023 (c)-(d)


The following techniques shall not be used with any student as part of any planned or unplanned behavior intervention:

  1. Depriving a student of any basic need such as sleep, meals and nutrition, or clothing.
  2. Forcing a student to engage in any behavior that is embarrassing, painful, or physically uncomfortable.
  3. Using derogatory language or procedures that are designed to embarrass a student.


A teacher may document any conduct by a student that does not conform to the SCOC and may submit that documentation to the principal. TSBVI may not discipline a teacher on the basis of the submitted documentation. Education Code 37.002(b-1)


A TSBVI employee is not required to obtain the consent of a child’s parent before the employee may make a videotape or recording of the child’s voice if the videotape or recording is to be used only for purposes of safety, including the maintenance of order and discipline in common areas of the school and dormitories or on school buses. Education Code 26.009(b)(1) [See Policy FNG]


Disciplinary Alternative Education Program (DAEP)

For each placement in a disciplinary alternative education program (DAEP), TSBVI shall annually report to the commissioner:

  1. Information identifying the student, including the student’s race, sex, and date of birth, that will enable TEA to compare placement data with information collected through other reports;
  2. Information indicating whether the placement was based on:
    1. Conduct violating the Student Code of Conduct (SCOC);
    2. Conduct for which a student may be removed from class by a teacher [see FOA and SCOC];
    3. Conduct for which placement in a DAEP is required [see FOC and SCOC]; or
    4. Conduct occurring while a student was enrolled in another District and for which placement in a DAEP is permitted by Education Code 37.008(j);
  3. The number of full or partial days the student was assigned to the program and the number of full or partial days the student attended the program; and
  4. The number of placements that were inconsistent with the guidelines on length of placement in the Student Code of Conduct.


For each expulsion TSBVI shall annually report to the commissioner:

  1. Information identifying the student, including the student’s race, sex, and date of birth, that will enable TEA to compare placement data with information collected through other reports;
  2. Information indicating whether the expulsion was based on:
    1. Conduct for which expulsion is required, including information specifically indicating whether a student was expelled for bringing a firearm to school;
    2. Conduct for which expulsion is permitted;
  3. The number of full or partial days the student was expelled; and
  4. Information indicating whether:
    1. The student was placed in a juvenile justice alternative education program (JJAEP);
    2. The student was placed in a DAEP; or
    3. The student was not placed in a JJAEP or other alternative education program; and
  5. The number of expulsions that were inconsistent with the guidelines on length of expulsion in the Student Code of Conduct.


For each out-of-school suspension under Education Code 37.005, TSBVI shall report:

  1. Information identifying the student, including race, sex, and date of birth, that will enable TEA to compare placement data with the information collected through other reports;
  2. Information indicating the basis for the suspension;
  3. The number of full or partial days the student was suspended; and
  4. The number of out-of-school suspensions that were inconsistent with the guidelines included in the in the SCOC under Education Code 37.001(a)(3) [see Student Code of Conduct, item 3, above].

Education Code, 37.020

Adopted:         4/7/78

Amended:       9/9/83, 9/21/84, 10/25/85, 7/17/87, 3/26/93, 11/18/94, 9/27/96, 1/24/02, 5/28/03, 11/19/04, 1/26/18, 5/28/20