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American Foundation for the Blind
Textbooks and Instructional Materials Solutions Forum

  • Market Research
  • Writing- Out of house Authors
  • Editing/Revising
  • Editorial/Design Collaboration
    • Involves are selection/creation color palette choice, phot research, obtaining the rights of third party materials
  • Page composition/1st pass
  • Includes photo shoots, scanning of images
  • Editorial/Design Revision
  • Page composition - 2nd pass
  • Ship to Film Supplier
  • Film/Proofs generated
  • Proofs checked and revised, files revised at outside supplier
  • Final film/plates generated
  • Printing-additional changes may be made on press and not reflected in final electronic file
  • Files shipped back to publisher, On-press changes incorporated
  • Final Product - 1st printing Pupil Edition (used for submission purposes
  • State Submission
  • State requests changes and publisher submit a list of changes
  • changes incorporated into electronic files
  • shipped to film Supplier
  • Final film/plates generated
  • Printing- additional changes may be made on press and not reflected in final electronic file
  • Files shipped back to publisher. On-press changes incorporated.
  • Final Product for classroom use

Developed from flowchart provided by AAP Oct. 2, 1999

Updated: October 27, 2005

PROJECT DIRECTOR
Ms. Mary Ann Siller
Director, National Education Program
Professional Development, Project Manager
American Foundation for the Blind
11030 Ables Lane
Dallas, Texas 75229
469-522-1803 (Phone)
214-352-3214 (Fax)
E-mail:

ELECTRONIC FILES/RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT WORK GROUP MEMBERSHIP

FACILITATOR:
Dr. Jim Allan
Statewide Technology Specialist and Webmaster
TX School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
1100 West 45th Street
Austin, Texas 78756
Phone: 512-206-9315
Fax: 512-206-9264
E-mail:

Ms. Christine Anderson
Director of Resource Services
American Printing House for the Blind P.O. Box 6085
Louisville, KY 40206-0085
Phone: 502-899-2338
Fax: 502-899-2363
E-mail:

Mr. Lars Anderson
Region 5 Representative
National Association for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments, Inc.
2110 Holly Hill Lane
Carrollton, TX 75007
Phone: 972-492-4246 (h)
972-952-4958 (w)
Fax: 972-952-4275
E-mail:

Ms. Mary Lou Beals
Scott Foresman
1900 East Lake Avenue
Glenview, IL 60025
Phone: 847-486-2221
Fax: 847-486-3911
E-mail:

Ms. Barbara Beitz
McDougal Littell
909 Davis Street
Evanston IL 60202
Phone: 847-424-3159
Fax: 847-424-3943
E-mail:

Ms. Irene Belinsky
Pearson Learning
299 Jefferson Rd.
Parsippany, NJ 07054
Phone: 917-739-8298
E-mail:

Frederick (Rick) Bowes, III
Electronic Publishing Associates
PO Box 1637
Duxbury, MA 02331-1637
Phone: 781-934-7432
Fax: 208-728-7917
E-mail:

Mr. Rod Brawley
Clearinghouse for Specialized Media and Technology
California Department of Education
560 J Street, Suite 390
Sacramento, CA 95814
Phone: 916-445-5103
Fax: 916-323-9732
E-mail:

Mr. Larry Brown
Representing Association of Instructional Resource Centers for the Visually Handicapped (AIRCVH)
Oregon Textbook and Media Center
Kuenzi Hall Room B6
999 Locust St NE
Salem, OR 97303
Phone: 503-763-2413
Fax: 503-763-2979
E-mail:

Ms. Susan Christensen
N3292 Darling Rd.
Bangor, WI 54614
Phone: 608-486-2216
Fax: 608-486-4446
E-mail:

Mr. Patrick Connolly
Pearson Education
Prentice Hall
160 Gould St.
Needham Heights, MA 02494
Phone: 781-455-1327
E-mail:

Ms. Julie Copty
Assistant Director, School Division
Association of American Publishers
50 F Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20001
Phone: 202-220-4548
Fax: 202-347-3690
E-mail:

Ms. Lisa Porter Corsetti
McDougal Littell
222 Berkeley St.
Boston, MA 02116
Phone: 617-351-3253
Fax: 617-351-1210
E-mail:

Ms. Eileen Curran
Director of Operations
National Braille Press
88 Stephen Street
Boston, MA 02115
Phone: 617-266-6160 ext 17
Fax: 617-437-0456
E-mail:

Ms. Debbie Davis
Director of Marketing
Visual Aid Volunteers
617 State St.
Garland, TX 75040
Phone: 972-272-1615
Fax: 972-276-2839
E-mail:

Ms. Inge Durre
Foundation for Blind Children
Arizona Instructional Resource Center
1235 E. Harmont Dr.
Phoenix, AZ 85020
Phone: 602-678-5816
Fax: 602-678-5819
E-mail:

Ms. Maria Delgado
Database Field Representative
American Printing House for the Blind
P.O. Box 6085
Louisville, KY 402206-0085
Phone: 502-899-2340
E-mail:

Mr. Warren Figueiredo
705 Maximilian Street
Baton Rouge, LA 70802-6313
Phone: 225-387-8623
E-mail:

Ms. Dena Greene
McGraw Hill School Division
2 Penn Plaza 21st Fl
New York, NY 10121
Phone: 212-904-5229
Fax:
E-mail:

Whitney Gregory
Director of Braille Production
Visual Aid Volunteers
617 State St.
Garland, TX 75040
Phone: 972-272-1615
Fax: 972-276-2839
E-mail:

Ms. Lucia Hasty
Colorado Instructional Materials Center for the Visually Handicapped
1015 High Street
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Phone: 719-578-2195
Fax: 719-578-2207
E-mail:

Dr. Phil Hatlen
Representing Council of Schools for the Blind
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
1100 West 45th Street
Austin, Texas 78756
Phone: 512-454-8631
Fax: 512-206-9453
E-mail:

Ms. Betty Hersey
Executive Director
Reading & Radio Resource
3001 Bookhout
Dallas, TX 75201
Phone: 214-871-7669
E-mail:

Mr. Larry Hillman
Globe Fearon
One Lake St.
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Phone: 201-236-5814
Fax: 201-236-6566
E-mail:

Judie K. Kelly
Supervising Program Specialist
Program for Students with Visual Impairments
4435 Ute Drive, B-6
San Diego, CA 92117
Phone: 858-490-8456
FAX: 858-490-8459
Email:

Mr. George Kerscher
Senior Officer
Accessible Information
Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic
1203 Pineview Drive
Missoula, Montana 59802
Phone: 406-549-4687
Fax: 406-549-6723
E-mail:

Mr. Larry Koons
Scholastic, Inc.
524 Broadway, 11th Floor
New York, NY 10012
Phone: 212-965-7215
Fax: 212-965-7270
E-mail:

Ms. Jane Thompson
Director
Accessible Textbook Initiative and Collaboration
American Printing House for the Blind P.O. Box 6085
Louisville, KY 40206-0085
Phone: 502-895-2405 #370
Fax: 502-899-2334
E-mail:

Theresa Maggiore
39 Pilgrim Road
Medford, MA 02155
Phone: 617 320-6671
Fax: 781-874-0216
E-mail:

Ms. Loretta Marion
Scholastic, Inc.
524 Broadway
New York, NY 10012
Phone: 212-965-7268
E-mail:

Ms. Deanna Marotz
Textbook Administration Agency
Texas Education Agency
1701 North Congress Avenue
Austin, Texas 78701-1494
Phone: 512-463-9612
Fax: 512-463-8728
E-mail:

Mr. Chuck Mayo
Program Administrator
Textbook Administration Division
Texas Education Agency
1701 North Congress Avenue
Austin, Texas 78701-1494
Phone: 512-463-9601
Fax: 512-475-3612
E-mail:

Mr. Alex Mlawsky
Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
8787 Orion Place
Columbus, OH 43240-4027
Phone: 614-430-4383
Fax: 614-430-4400
E-mail:

Ms. Brunhilde Merk-Adam
2501 Pheasant Run
Ortonville, MI 48462
Phone: 248-36-8615
E-mail:

Mr. Bill McCann
Dancing Dots
1754 Quarry Lane
P.O. Box 927
Valley Forge, PA 19482-0927
Phone: 610-783-6692
Fax: 610-783-6732
E-mail:

Mr. Pearce McNulty
Houghton Mifflin Company
222 Berkeley Street
Boston, MA 02116
Phone: 617-351-5504
Fax: 617-351-1128
E-mail:

Mr. Michael Moodie
Research and Development Officer
National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
Library of Congress
1291 Taylor Street, NW
Washington, D.C. 20542
Phone: 202-707-5108
Fax: 202-707-1690
E-mail:

Mr. Steve Noble
Policy Analyst
Kentucky Assistive Technology Service
Network
Charles McDowell Center
8412 Westport Road
Louisville, KY 40242
Phone: 502-327-0022 X268
Fax: 502-327-9974
E-mail:

Ms. Susan Osterhaus
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
1100 West 45th Street
Austin, Texas 78756
Phone: 512-206-9305
Fax: 512-206-9453
E-mail:

Ms. Karen Poppe
Tactile Graphics Project Leader
American Printing House for the Blind
1839 Frankfort Avenue
Louisville, KY 40206-0085
Phone: 502-899-2322
E-mail:

Dr. James Pritchett
Project Manager, Digital Audio
Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic
20 Roszel Road
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone: 609-243-7608
Fax: 609-452-2585
E-mail:

Ms. Penny Reeder
American Council of the Blind
1155 15th St., NW
Washington, D.C. 20005
Phone: 202-467-5081
Fax: 202-467-5085
E-mail:

Mr. David Rosenthal
Macmilan/McGraw-Hill
2 Penn Plaza 23rd Floor
New York, NY 10121-2298
Phone: 212-904-3373
Fax: 212-904-3222
E-mail:

Ms. Madeleine Rothberg
Project Director
National Center for Accessible Media
WGBH
125 Western Avenue
Boston, Massachusetts 02134
Phone: 617-300-2492 (direct voice)
617-300-3400 (main NCAM)
Fax: 617-300-1035
Email:

Ms. Vivian Seki
Instructor
Northwest Vista College
3535 North Ellison Drive
San Antonio, TX 78251-4217
Phone: 210-348-2083
Fax: 210-348-2004
E-mail:

Ms. Kathlean Shannon
Sr. Production Manager
Text Processing Graphic Services
Harcourt School Publishers
6277 Sea Harbor Drive
Orlando, FL 32887
Phone: 407-345-3877
Fax: 407-352-8831
E-mail:

Ms. Susan Shorey
Vice President
McDougal Littell
1500 Sherman Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone: 847-424-3161
Fax: 847-869-2598
E-mail:

Ms. Lorraine Simonello
Manager - Text Processing
Harcourt School Publishers
6277 Sea Harbor Drive
Orlando, FL 32887
Phone: 407-345-3458
Fax: 407-352-8831
E-mail:

Mr. Larry Skutchan
Director of Technology Research Projects
American Printing House for the Blind P.O. Box 6085
Louisville, KY 40206-0085
Phone: 502-899-2314
Fax: 502-899-2334
E-mail:

Pete Smith, Ph.D.
Center for Distance Education
P.O. Box 19104
University of Texas at Arlington
Arlington, TX 76019
Phone: 817-272-5729
Fax: 817-272-5728
E-mail:

Ms. Diane Spence
Director of Braille Services
Education Service Center, Region IV
7145 West Tidwell
Houston, TX 77092
Phone: 713-744-8145
Fax: 713-744-8148
E-mail:

Mr. Skip Stahl
Co-Director, Universal Learning Center
Center for Applied Special Technology, Inc.
40 Harvard Mills Square
Suite 3
Wakefield, MA 01880-3233
Phone: 781-245-5212
Fax: 781-245-5212
E-mail:

Mr. Robert Stepp
Computer Application Specialities Company
5446 S. 32nd Street
Lincoln, NE 68516
Phone: 402-423-4782
Fax: 402-423-5154
E-mail:

Mr. Joe Sullivan
President
Duxbury Systems, Inc.
270 Littleton Rd. Unit 6
Westford, MA 01886
Phone: 978-692-3000 ext 308
Fax: 978-692-7912
E-mail:

David Sweeney
Adaptive Technology Services
Texas A&M University
Department of Student Life
1257 TAMU
Colllege Station, Texas 77843-1257
Phone: 979-847-9596
Fax: 979-458-1214
E-mail:

Ms. Dawn Turco
Sr. Vice President
Educational Operations
Hadley School for the Blind
700 Elm St.
Winnetka, IL 60093
Phone: 847-446-8111
Fax: 847446-0855
E-mail:

Ms. Carole Uettwiller
Vice President
Director of Design Production
Harcourt Brace & Company
6277 Sea Harbor Drive
Orlando, FL 32887
Phone: 407-345-3510
Fax: 407-345-4030
Email:

Ms. Joanna E. Venneri
1070 Church St. #208
San Francisco, CA 94114
Phone: 415-648-5680
Fax: 415-648-5680
E-mail:

Ms. Sharon von See
TechAdapt, Inc.
1017 Fairhaven Drive
Garland, TX 75040
Phone: 214-264-8895 (w)
972-414-2651 (h)
Fax: 772-679-6358
E-mail:

Mr. Bob Walling
Educational Service Center Region XX
1314 Hines Avenue
San Antonio, TX 78208
Phone:800-514-9310
Fax: 210-370-5696
E-mail:

Mr. Chris Weaver
New Mexico State University
Mathematics Accessible to VI Students
Department of Mathematical Sciences
MSC 3MB
P.O. Box 30001
Las Cruces, NM 88003
Phone: 505-646-2664
Fax: 505-646-1064
E-mail:

Mr. McKinley Williams
Pearson Education
299 Jefferson Rd.
Parsipanny, NJ 07054
Phone: 973-739-8278
Fax: 973-739-8057
E-mail:

LEGISLATIVE & POLICYMAKING WORK GROUP MEMBERSHIP

FACILITATOR:
Mr. Mark Richert
Director, AFB Public Policy Center
820 First Street, NE, Suite 400
Washington, DC 20002
Tel: (202) 408-0200
Fax: (202) 289-7880
E-mail:

Dr. Jim Allan
Statewide Technology Specialist and Webmaster
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
1100 West 45th Street
Austin, Texas 78756
Phone: 512-206-9315
Fax: 512-206-9264
E-mail:

Ms. Sharon Berry
Special Education Supervisor
Arkansas School for the Blind
2600 West Markham Stree
Little Rock, AR 72205
Phone: 501-296-1812
E-mail:

Ms. Melanie Brunson
American Council of the Blind
1155 15th St., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20005
Phone: 202-467-5081
Fax: 202-467-5085
E-mail:

Ms. Julie Copty
Assistant Director, School Division
Association of American Publishers
50 F Street N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20001
Phone: 202-220-4548
Fax: 202-347-3690
E-mail:

Ms. Jackie Denk
Kansas Instructional Resource Center
1100 State Avenue
Kansas City, KS 66102-4486
Phone: 913-281-3308 ext#5
Fax: 913-281-3104
E-mail:

Mr. Steve Driesler
Executive Director, School Division
Association of American Publishers
50 F Street NW
Washington, D.C. 20001
Phone: 202-220-4549
Fax: 202-347-3690
E-mail:

Mr. Warren Figueiredo
705 Maximilian Street
Baton Rouge, LA 70802-6313
Phone: 225-387-8623
E-mail:

Jim Hill
Arkansas School for the Blind
2600 W. Markham Street
Little Rock, AR 72205
E-mail:

Mr. Gary Mudd
Vice President
Governmental Relations
American Printing House for the Blind P.O. Box 6085
Louisville, KY 40206-0085
Phone: 502-899-2308
Fax: 502-895-1509
E-mail:

Ms. Dee Konczal
Project Manager
Alternate Textbook Production Center
71-A-Day Road
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone: 805-654-6396 or 800-858-9984
Fax: 805-648-8944
E-mail:

Ms. Joy Relton
Governmental Relations
American Foundation for the Blind
820 First Street, N.E., Suite 400
Washington, DC 20002
Phone: 202-408-0200
Fax: 202-289-7880
E-mail:

Mr. Paul Schroeder
Vice President
Governmental Relations
American Foundation for the Blind
820 First Street, N.E., Suite 400
Washington, D.C. 20002
Phone: 202-408-0200
Fax: 202-289-7880
E-mail:

Ms. Mary Ann Siller
Director, National Education Program
American Foundation for the Blind
260 Treadway Plaza
Dallas, Texas 75235
Phone: 214-352-7222, ext 15
Fax: 214-352-3214
E-mail:

Dr. Susan Spungin
Vice President of Education and International Programs
American Foundation for the Blind
11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300
New York, NY 10001
Phone: 212-502-7631
Fax: 212-502-7777
E-mail:

Ms. Helen Tinkle
Arkansas School for the Blind
2600 West Markham Street
Little Rock, AR 72205
Phone: 501-296-1812
E-mail:

Julie V. Urban
9715 N 58th Dr
Glendale, AZ 85302
E-mail:

Ms. Mary Weeks
Arkansas School for the Blind
2600 West Markham Street
Little Rock, AR 72205
Phone: 501-296-1812
E-mail:

Ms. Linda Williams
Arkansas School for the Blind
2600 West Markham Street
Little Rock, AR 72205
Phone: 501-296-1812
E-mail:

Ms. Mary Zabelski
Chicago Lighthouse for People who are Blind or Visually Impaired
1850 West Roosevelt Rd.
Chicago, IL 60608
Phone: 312-997-3675
Fax: 312-243-8539
E-mail:
Representing National Association for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments, Inc. (NAPVI)

PRODUCTION PROCESS WORK GROUP MEMBERSHIP

FACILITATOR:
Ms. Lorri Quigley
Director
Educational Resource Center (ERC)
742 Harrison Boulevard
Ogden, UT 84404
Phone: 801-629-4810
Fax: 801-629-4896
E-mail:

Ms. Karen Barrett
Director, Braille Library
Helen Keller Services for the Blind
One Helen Keller Way
Hempstead, NY 11550
Phone: 516-485-1234 ext 246
Fax: 516-538-6785
E-mail:

Ms. Carrie M. Brasier
Director
Vision Resources Library
3 Randolph St.
Canton, MA 02021
Phone: 800-827-7772
Fax: 781-575-9601
E-mail:

Ms. Betsy Burnham
ATIC Manager & Trainer
American Printing House for the Blind 9531 Hickory Falls Way
Baltimore, MD 21236
Phone: 502-895-2405 ext 378 or 410-256-8842 (w/h)
Fax: 410-256-7789
E-mail: (w) 
  (h)

Ms. Eileen Curran
Director of Operations
National Braille Press
88 Stephen Street
Boston, MA 02115
Phone: 617-266-6160 ext 17
Fax: 617-437-0456
E-mail:

Ms. Suzanne Dalton
Florida Instructional Materials/Visually Impaired
4210 West Bay Villa Avenue
Tampa, FL 33611-1206
Phone: 813-837-7826
Fax: 813-837-7979
E-mail:

Ms. Debbie Davis
Director of Marketing
Visual Aid Volunteers
617 State St.
Garland, TX 75040
Phone: 972-272-1615
Fax: 972-276-2839
E-mail:

Mr. Jim Downs
Georgia Insturctional Materials Center
528 Forest Parkway, Suite C
Forest Park, GA 30297
Phone: 404-362-2024
Fax: 404-608-2559
E-mail:

Ms. Inge Durre
Foundation for Blind Children
Arizona Instructional Resource Center
1235 E. Harmont Dr.
Phoenix, AZ 85020
Phone: 602-678-5816
Fax: 602-678-5819
E-mail:

Whitney Gregory
Director of Braille Production
Visual Aid Volunteers
617 State St.
Garland, TX 75040
Phone: 972-272-1615
Fax: 972-276-2839
E-mail:

Ms. Dotta Hassman
Iowa Braille School
1002 G Avenue
Vinton, IA 52349
Phone: 319-472-5221 ext. 1233
E-mail:

Ms. Natalie Hilzen
Director and Editor-inChief
AFB Press
American Foundation for the Blind
11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300
New York, NY 10001
Phone: 212-502-7653
Fax: 212-502-7774
E-mail:

Ms. Jayne Langston
Senior Word Processor
Text & Graphic Services
Harcourt Brace & Company
6277 Sea Harbor Drive
Orlando, FL 32887
Phone: 407-345-3575
Fax: 407-345-4030
E-mail:

Ms. Alicia McAninch
P.O. Box 4143
Alamogordo, NM 88310
Phone: 505-437-3505 (w)
505 437-0632 (h)
Fax: 505-439-4411
E-mail:

Ms. Cathy Nadberazny
Pennsylvania Training & Technical Assistance Network
Program Manager, Production Services
6340 Flank Dr., Suite 600
Harrisburg, PA 17112
Phone: 717-541-4960 Ext 3317
Fax: 717-541-4968
E-mail:

Nancy Niebrugge
Director of Braille Publishing
Braille Institute Press
741 North Vermont Ave,
Los Angeles, CA 90029
Phone: 323-663-1111, ext 3165
E-mail:

Ms. Debbie Park
Project Coordinator
Text & Graphic Services
Harcourt Brace & Company
6277 Sea Harbor Drive
Orlando, FL 32887
Phone: 407-345-3835
Fax: 407-345-4030
E-mail:

Ms. Judi Piscitello
TVI, COMS
Assistant, Training of Special Educators
NYS Resource Center for Visually Impaired
2A Richmond Avenue
Batavia, NY 14020
Phone: 585-343-8100 ext 427
Fax: 585-343-3711
E-mail:

Ms. Kay Ratzlaff
Florida Instructional Materials Center
for the Visually Impaired
5002 North Lois Avenue
Tampa, FL 33614-6549
Phone: 813-872-5281
Fax: 813-872-5284
E-mail:

Dr. Ellyn Ross
Representing Council for Exceptional Children
Division on Visual Impairments (DVI)
Pennsylvania Training & Technical Assistance Network
6340 Flank Drive, Suite 600
Harrisburg, PA 17112-2764
Phone: 717-541-4960 ext 3002
Fax: 717-541-4968
E-mail:

Ms. Madeleine Rothberg
Project Director
National Center for Accessible Media
WGBH
125 Western Avenue
Boston, Massachusetts 02134
Phone: 617-300-2492 (direct voice)
617-300-3400 (main NCAM)
Fax: 617-300-1035
E-mail:

Mr. Larry Skutchan
Director of Technology Research Projects
American Printing House for the Blind P.O. Box 6085
Louisville, KY 40206-0085
Phone: 502-899-2314
Fax: 502-899-2334
E-mail:

Ms. Judy Trudelle
Florida Instructional Materials Center
for the Visually Impaired
5002 North Lois Avenue
Tampa, FL 33614-6549
Phone: 813-872-5281
Fax: 813-872-5284
E-mail:

Ms. Carole Uettwiller
Vice President
Director of Design Production
Harcourt Brace & Coompany
6277 Sea Harbor Drive
Orlando, FL 32887
Phone: 407-345-3510
Fax: 407-345-4030
E-mail:

Mr. Bob Walling
Educational Service Center Region XX
1314 Hines Avenue
San Antonio, TX 78208
Phone: 210-370-5678
Fax: 210-370-5696
E-mail:

TRAINING AND OTHER NEEDS WORK GROUP MEMBERSHIP

FACILITATOR:
Mr. Larry Brown
Representing Association of Instructional Resource Centers for the Visually Handicapped (AIRCVH)
9735 SW Vista Pl
Portland, OR 97225
Phone: 503-297-7450 (daytime messages)
E-mail:

Ms. Marie Amerson
210 Plantation Drive,
Macon GA 31211
Phone: 478-746-5697
E-mail:
Representing the Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER)

Ms. Colleen Arrey
Director of Alternative Programs
Northwest Vista College
3535 North Ellison Drive
San Antonio, TX 78251-4217
Phone: 210-348-2083
Fax: 210-348-2004
E-mail:

Ms. Betsy Burnham
ATIC Manager & Trainer
American Printing House for the Blind 9531 Hickory Falls Way
Baltimore, MD 21236
Phone: 502-895-2405 ext 378 or 410-256-8842 (w/h)
Fax: 410-256-7789
E-mail:
  (h)

Ms. Susan Christensen
N3292 Darling Rd.
Bangor, WI 54614
Phone: 608-486-2216
Fax: 608-486-4446
E-mail:

Dr. Anne Corn
Professor of Special Education, Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
Peabody College
PO Box 328
Nashville, TN 37203
Phone: 615-322-2249
Fax: 615-343-1570
E-mail:

Ms. Frances Mary D'Andrea
American Foundation for the Blind
100 Peachtree Street, Suite 620
Atlanta, GA 30303
Phone: 404-525-4845
Fax: 404-659-6957
E-mail:

Ms. Mary Ann Damm
Representing National Braille Association
1142 Waban Hill
Madison, WI 53711
Phone: 608-273-0536
Fax:
E-mail:

Ms. Suzanne DeFord
3218 Bluffview
Garland, TX 75043
Phone: 972-240-6811
Fax: 972-303-2433
E-mail:

Mr. Jim Downs
Georgia Instructional Materials Center
528 Forest Parkway, Suite
Forest Park, GA 30297
Phone: 404-362-2024
Fax: 404-608-2559
E-mail:

Ms. Susan Escobar
Northwest Vista College
3535 North Ellison Drive
San Antonio, TX 78251-4217
Phone: 210-348-2352
Fax: 210-348-2161
E-mail:

Dr. Jo-Carol Fabianke
Vice President
Northwest Vista College
3535 North Ellison Drive
San Antonio, TX 78251-4217
Phone: 210-348-2006
Fax: 210-348-2064
E-mail:

Ms. Bev Helland
10168 Amber Trail
Edgerton, WI 53534
Pager Daytime: 608-550-4487
608-884-4955 (h)
Fax: 608-829-1501
E-mail:

Mr. Hohn C. Jarboe
Elementary Principal
Arkansas School for the Blind
5409 Randolph
North Little Rock, AR 72116
Phone: 501-295-1810 (w)
501-771-2310 (h)
E-Mail:

Ms. Teresa Kruta
300 NE 18
Oklahoma City, OK 73105
Phone: 405-521-3514 (w) or 405-286-3509 (h)
Fax: 405-521-4033
E-mail:

Ms. Paula Mauro
Assistant Coordinator
ORCLISH
470 Glenmont Avenue
Columbus, OH 43213-3292
Phone: 614-262-6131
800-672-5474
Fax: 614-262-1070
E-mail:

Ms. Mary Nelle McLennan
Executive Advisor to the President - American Printing House for the Blind 1536 Broad Hill Drive
Pittsburgh, PA 15237
Phone: 412-367-9085
E-mail:

Ms. Brunhilde Merk-Adam
2501 Pheasant Run
Ortonville, MI 48462
Phone: 248-36-8615
E-mail:

Ms. Carol Mendela
Connecticut Board of Education & Services for the Blind
184 Windsor Ave.
Windsor, CT 06095
Phone: 860-602-4170
Fax: 860-602-4030
E-mail:  

Ms. Marty Murrell
Representing Association of State Education Consultants for the Visually Impaired
Texas Education Agency
1701 N. Congress
Austin, TX 78701
Phone: 512-463-9362
Fax: 512-463-9560
E-mail:

Ms. Beverly Pfister
N2723 Lake Point Dr.
Lodi, WI 53555
Phone: 608-592-4889
Fax:
E-mail:

Ms. Kay Ratzlaff
Florida Instructional Materials Center
for the Visually Impaired
5002 North Lois Avenue
Tampa, FL 33614-6549
Phone: 813-872-5281
Fax: 813-872-5284
E-mail:

Ms. Sue Reilly
San Diego City Schools
Center for Student Support and Special Education Services
4350 Mount Everest Blvd., Room B2
San Diego, CA 92117
Phone: 619-725-7697
Fax: 619-725-5689
E-mail:

Ms. Vivian Seki
Instructor
Northwest Vista College
3535 North Ellison Drive
San Antonio, TX 78251-4217
Phone: 210-348-2083
Fax: 210-348-2004
E-mail:

Ms. Diane Spence
Director of Braille Services
Education Service Center, Region IV
7145 West Tidwell
Houston, TX 77092
Phone: 713-744-8145
Fax: 713-744-8148
E-mail:

Ms. Mary Lou Stark
Braille Development Section
National Library Service f/t Blind and
Physically Handicapped
Library of Congress
Washington, DC 20542
Phone: 202-707-9302
Fax: 202-707-0712
E-mail:

Ms. Judy Trudelle
Florida Instructional Materials Center
for the Visually Impaired
5002 North Lois Avenue
Tampa, FL 33614-6549
Phone: 813-872-5281
Fax: 813-872-5284
E-mail:

Dr. Rob Wall
Western Michigan University
Department of Blind Rehabilitation and Low Vision Studies
1903 West Michigan
Mailstop 5218
Kalamazoo, MI 49008
phone: 269-387-3072
E-mail:

Mr. Bob Walling
Educational Service Center Region XX
1314 Hines Avenue
San Antonio, TX 78208
Phone: 210-370-5678
Fax: 210-370-5696
E-mail:

COMMUNICATION AND COLLABORATION WORK GROUP MEMBERSHIP

FACILITATOR:
Ms. Marie Amerson
210 Plantation Drive,
Macon GA 31211
Phone: 478-746-5697
E-mail:
Representing the Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER)

Dr. Carol Allman
Consultant
American Printing House for the Blind 236 Aerie Hill
Tallahassee, FL 323123
Phone: 850-893-4086
Fax: 850-893-5059
E-mail:

Ms. Katie Blough
Vice President
Association of American Publishers
71 5th Avenue, 2nd Floor
New York, NY 10003-3004
Phone: 212-255-0200 Ext 263
Fax: 212-255-7007
E-mail:

Mr. Bob Brasher
Vice President of Products and Services
American Printing House for the Blind
1839 Frankfort Ave.
P.O. Box 6085
Louisville, KY 40206-0085
Phone: 502-899-2369
Fax: 502-899-2363
E-mail:

Ms. Sue Crawford
American Council of the Blind
1906 Rockwood
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: 202-467-5081
301-562-2057 (h)
Fax:
E-mail:

Ms. Teri Elise Goldstein
Representing National Association for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments, Inc.
15917 Bridgewater Lane
Tampa, FL 33624
Phone: 813-221-8733 (w)
813-264-0847 (h)
Fax: 813-264-0847
E-mail:

Barbara Henderson
Test and Assessment Project Leader
Accessible Tests Department
American Printing House for the Blind
1839 Frankfort Ave.
Louisville, KY 40206-0085
Phone: 502-899-2328
Fax: 502-899-2269
E-mail:

Mr. Steve Kohn
Verizon
Strategic Alliances-Education & Disabilities Initiatives
23 Norman Lane
Darien, CT 06820
Phone: 212-395-2255
E-mail:

Ms. Dee Konczal
Project Manager
Alternate Textbook Production Center
71 Day Road
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone: 805-654-6396
Fax: 805-648-8944
E-mail:

Ms. Carol McCarroll
Tennessee Resource Center for the Visually Impaired
115 Stewarts Ferry Pike
Nashville, TN 37214
Phone: 615-231-7406
Fax: 615-231-7307
E-mail:

Ms. Barbara McCarthy
c/o Virginia Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired
395 Azalea Avenue
Richmond, VA 23227-3623
Phone: 804-371-3661
Fax: 804-371-3328
E-mail:
Representing Association of Instructional Resource Centers for the Visually Impaired

Ms. Brunhilde Merk-Adam
2501 Pheasant Run
Ortonville, MI 48462
Phone: 248-36-8615
E-mail:

Ms. Penny Reeder
American Council of the Blind
1155 15th St., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20005
Phone: 202-467-5081
Fax: 202-467-5085
E-mail:

Dr. Ellyn Ross
Representing Council for Exceptional Children
Division on Visual Impairments (DVI)
Pennsylvania Training & Technical Assistance Network
6340 Flank Drive, Suite 600
Harrisburg, PA 17112-2764
Phone: 717-541-4960 ext 3002
Fax: 717-541-4968
E-mail:

Ms. Mary Ann Siller
Director, National Education Program Associate in Education
American Foundation for the Blind
260 Treadway Plaza
Dallas, Texas 75235
Phone: 214-352-7222, ext 15
Fax: 214-352-3214
E-mail:

Mr. Ian Stewart
Coordinator of Programs in Orientation and Mobility
University of Arizona
Department of SERSP
P.O. Box 210069
Tucson, AZ 85721-0069
Phone: 520-621-3887
Fax: 520-621-3821
E-mail:

American Foundation for the Blind Textbooks and Instructional Materials Solutions Forum

A critical project from the Electronic Files and Research and Development Work Group is the Joint Technology Task Force (JTTF). The JTTF began on June 15, 2000 in Washington, D.C. when AFB, Association of American Publishers (AAP), and Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic (RFB&D) brought publishers and the technology specialists in the field of blindness together to discuss new technologies and the capabilities for advanced electronic file conversion that allows greater accessibility to both the visually impaired community and general user of eBooks. At this historic meeting, topics discussed included the development of a cross_platform standard for electronic files, dual stream publishing (both print and eBook), synchronized audio and text, and how organizations serving people with disabilities can work together with innovative publishers.

There are two main goals of the JTTF:

  1. To analyze the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) Extensible Markup Language (XML) file format to determine its suitability for converting textbook content into braille and other accessible formats.
  2. To promote and demonstrate to accessible book producers and Braille transcribers the efficiency and benefits of using publisher files in DAISY/NISO XML format. 
Stakeholders in this effort have expertise in Extensible Markup Language (XML), which is used for all modern IT systems. The Digital Audio-Based Information System (DAISY) Consortium and the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) both use the XML notation. The DAISY/NISO XML 3.0 Document Type Definition (DTD) is used to define markup for textbooks. The structure guidelines of DAISY clarifies the usage for Braille applications and for Digital Talking Books (DTB). In addition, expertise is from Braille software developers, expert users of Braille translation software with publishers' electronic files and publishers of textbooks.

Stake holders include American Foundation for the Blind; American Printing House for the Blind; Association of American Publishers (with Harcourt, Houghton Mifflin, McGraw Hill, Pearson, and Scholastic); Braille Authority of North America; Duxbury, Inc.; Ed-IT PC; National Braille Association; National Library Service; Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic; Texas Education Agency's producers of alternate formats; and educators of children with visual impairments. 

A listserv was established and meetings were held in September 2000 and during the AAP School Division’s Annual Meeting on January 17, 2001 in Austin, Texas. The group will continue to meet quarterly to share the progress made with the various objectives. 

AFB Textbook and Instructional Materials Solution Forum 
Research and Development Workgroup

by Steve Noble

The need for this information was identified during workgroup discussion focusing on the "readability" of specialized media using audio and tactile means to relate information typically displayed in visual form. The premise of the workgroup’s understanding is that there may have been some research done to define the limits of audio--and in a more limited since tactile—information cognition. This report examines some of the major research areas of the past as well as some current projects in the field.

Sensory Substitution

A significant amount of psychophysics research along these lines was done during the 1950s, 60s and early 70s. These studies examined how that the auditory and tactile sensory channels could be used to relate visual information, especially for persons who are blind. Larry Scadden (now at the National Science Foundation) and other researchers designed and tested experimental tactile image systems which converted optical images produced by television cameras into a dynamic tactile display, typically by way of vibrator pin array technology. Studies found that blind individuals could recognize common objects and describe their arrangements in physical space. The conclusion of these studies was that concerns over "sensory overload" were unfounded and that problems generally stemmed from the limitations of the system rather than the limitations of the perceiver.

Similar applications of substituting auditory analogs and cues for visual information have been formulated. As early as the 1940s research was conducted which showed that human subjects had the ability to perceive the location of solid objects by interpreting changes in ambient sound patterns as a person moves in proximity of the object. Still other studies confirmed that blind individuals could interpret binaural auditory information to such an extent as to be able to gauge the relative proximity of multiple solid objects within a controlled environment. Some extended applications of these findings have resulted in the creation of a number of binaural assistive navigation devices intended for blind users, although these devices have been found to have limited practical value.

More recent work has been done to utilize auditory analogs of two-dimensional printed information, such as mathematical equations and graphs. One experimental application developed by Dr. T. V. Raman (called ASTER) allows users to listen to a synthetic speech output where changes in speech pitch are used to depict vertical locations of equation components. For example, when reading algebraic equations superscript information is read in a higher pitch, while subscript information is read in a lower pitch. By using a variety of pitch encoding routines, a wealth of positional information can be communicated to the listener thus allowing independent reader access to higher level mathematical equations.

Other work has focused on the production of auditory analogs to communicate line graphs. Once again, this technique utilizes pitch encoding to produce an analog of visual information. In this instance, a constant tone is produces which rises in pitch as the graph line ascends the vertical axis, and lowers in pitch as the line descends.

Intelligibility and "Auditory Vigilance"

Psychoacoustical studies in auditory intelligibility include early work done by Dr. Emerson Foulke to explore increased reading speed with recorded materials. His work led to the development of TSM, Time Scale Modification, where recorded information can be played back at a faster rate without causing pitch-shift distortion which commonly happens when recorded materials are sped up.

Along similar studies to examine intelligibility issues, research in Auditory Vigilance during the 1960s and 70s focused on the ability of blind subjects to sort and interpret multiple auditory cues within both controlled and uncontrolled ambient environments. Results of these studies indicated that blind subjects were typically more aware of auditory environments and more adept at interpreting auditory information.

Virtual Reality

Most current research in psychoacoustics is driven by the desire to produce virtual reality environments. A significant amount of work is now being done in attempt to understand how the brain interprets subtle changes in auditory environments, and thus be able to create more "realistic" models of virtual reality.

Additional information and a selected biography is presented below.

**other titles suggested by the author**

Harris, J. Donald (John Donald), 1914-
Title: Psychoacoustics [by] J. Donald Harris.
Publisher: Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill [1974]

Luce, R. Duncan (Robert Duncan)
Title: Sound & hearing : a conceptual introduction / R. Duncan Luce.
Publisher: Hillsdale, N.J. : L. Erlbaum Associates, 1993.

Warren, Richard M.
Title: Auditory perception : a new synthesis / Richard M. Warren.
Publisher: New York : Pergamon Press, c1982.

Thinking in sound : the cognitive psychology of human audition / edited by Stephen McAdams and Emmanuel Bigand.
Publisher: Oxford [England] ; New York : Clarendon Press, 1993.


Information below this point does not originate with the author

From U. C. Berkeley, Dept. of Psychology,  Auditory Perception Lab

The research currently being conducted in the Auditory Lab is concerned primarily with issues involved in the higher-order processing of auditory information, especially as it impacts listening in real world situations.

The first half of our research program concerns the localization of sounds in space. This includes the ability to integrate information collected from both ears, the phenomenon of "visual capture", the ability to suppress echoes, and the grouping of sounds into perceptual objects.

Related to this is the second half of our research program, which involves the various types of attentional mechanisms available to listeners. These include the ability of listeners to focus attention on different auditory dimensions, the role this plays in distinguishing relations between elements in those dimensions, and once again the ability to group sounds into objects (this time attentionally rather than via spatial location).

Associations and Laboratories from UCB Hearing Sciences

Books from UCB Hearing Sciences

  • Blauert, J. (1997) "Spatial Hearing". Cambridge: MIT Press.
  • Bregman, A.S. (1990)"Auditory Scene Analysis". Cambridge: MIT Press.
  • Gilkey, R.H. and Anderson, T.R. (eds.), (1997) "Binaural and Spatial Hearing in Real and Virtual Environments". New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Green, D. and Swets, J. (1966) "Signal Detection Theory and Psychophysics". New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
  • Green, D. (1988)"Profile Analysis: Auditory Intensity Discrimination" New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Hartmann, W.M. (1997)"Signals, Sound and Sensation". Woodbury: AIP Press.
  • Macmillan, N.A. and Creelman, C.D. (1991)"Detection Theory: A user's guide". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Moore, B.C.J. (1997)"An Introduction To The Psychology Of Hearing". New York: Academic Press.
  • Parasuraman, R. and Davies, D.R. (1984)"Varieties of Attention". New York: Academic Press.
  • Pashler, H.E. (1998)"The Psychology of Attention". Cambridge: MIT Press.
  • Popper, A.N. and Fay, R.R. (1994)"Mammalian Auditory Pathway: Neurophysiology". New York: Springer-Verlag.
  • Yost, W., Popper, A.N. and Fay, R.R. (1994)"Human Psychophysics". New York: Springer-Verlag.

Copyright 1999 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.
Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, October 1999, pp. 670-675


This report, the first in a series discussing each of the five AFB Solutions Forum Work Groups, describes the activities of the Electronic Files and Research and Development (EF/RD) Work Group. Two purposes define activities of this Work Group:

  1. Exploring and defining issues related to the creation, production, and distribution of electronic files provided by textbook publishers for the production of textbooks in braille and other special media.
  2. Identifying new trends, technologies and research that may affect production, accessibility and delivery of textbooks.

The EF/RD Work Group has divided its work into 3 main tasks:

  1. Sharing of resources

  2. Tracking existing technologies

  3. Research and Development

Resources:

The group is interested in providing additional information and materials for professionals in the field. The Electronic Files and Research Development Work Group has assembled or developed a number of resources related to the production of textbooks in specialized media. These resources are available for public use and comment on two web sites: www.tsbvi.edu and http://www.afb.org. Resources on the sites include:

  • A list of textbook publishers who create electronic files for braille textbook production.
  • A collection of fact sheets about the development and production of quality tactile graphics.
  • A link to the American Association of Publishers web site that has their conference schedule and topics posted.

Tracking:

The AFB Solutions Forum is one of many national initiatives which focuses on some aspect of textbooks and educational materials productions. The EF/RD group is tracking other initiatives and sharing information. Some of the initiatives are listed below:

  • Recording for the Blind and Dyslexics development of an Electronic Data Management System for the production of electronic books.
  • American Printing House for the Blinds development of an electronic files management system.
  • The development of the Digital Talking Book standard by the Daisy Consortium and the National Library Service division of the U.S. Library of Congress.

Research and Development:

The final task of the EF/RD Work Group is conducting research and developing resources related to textbook production, delivery and accessibility. The group will complete the tasks listed below:

  • Conduct a survey of multimedia textbooks used by students with visual impairments. Information gathered from this survey will be used to promote the use of an accessible version of multimedia (sometimes called CD-ROM) textbooks by all students. If you receive this survey, please take the time to complete it. The information collected is very important. Results of the survey will be discussed at the Josephine L. Leadership Institute, which will be held March 3-5, 2000, in Dallas, Texas.
  • Develop a flow chart and related information on how publishers create electronic files for braille textbook production.
  • Develop a flow chart and related information on how braille textbook producers create braille textbooks from the electronic files.
  • With textbooks publishers, develop a business case for the use of accessible practices and tools for the creation and distribution of print, CD-ROM, and internet based textbooks.
  • Developing a position paper about why ASCII text files should not be used for the storage and distribution of electronic files and describing the alternatives.

The EF/RD Workgroup would like to hear from professionals in the blindness field who have information to share. Contact: Jim Allan, technology specialist and Webmaster, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, 1100 West45th Street, Austin, TX 78756; E-mail: . For information about the AFB Solutions Forum, contact project coordinators Mary Ann Siller or Susan Jay Spungin at   or .

(Instructional Materials Accessibility Act & Individuals with Disabilities Education Act)

Contact the Capitol Switch Board at 202-224-3121 or 202-225-3121

www.afb.org/gov.asp

Majority

Edward M. Kennedy (D-MA), Chairman
202-224-0767
202-224-2417-fax

Christopher J. Dodd (D-CT)
202-224-2823
202-228-1683-fax

Tom Harkin (D-IA)
202-224-3254
202-224-9369-fax

Barbara A. Mikulski (D-MD)
202-224-4654
202-224-8858-fax

James Jeffords (I-VT)
202-224-5141
202-228-0574-fax

Jeff Bingaman (D-NM)
202-224-5521
202-224-2852-fax

Paul David Wellstone (D-MN)
202-224-5641
202-224-8438-fax

Minority

Judd Gregg (R-NH), Ranking
202-224-3324
202-224-4952-fax

Bill Frist (R-TN)
202-224-3344
202-228-1264-fax

Michael B. Enzi (R-WY)
202-224-3424
202-228-0359-fax

Tim Hutchinson (R-AR)
202-224-2353
202-228-3973-fax

John W. Warner (R-VA)
202-224-2023
202-224-6295-fax

Christopher S. Bond (R-MO)
202-224-5721
202-224-8149-fax

Pat Roberts (R-KS)
202-224-4774
202-224-3514-fax

Susan M. Collins (R-ME)
202-224-2523
202-224-2693-fax

Jeff Sessions (R-AL)
202-224-4124
202-224-3149-fax

Mike DeWine (R-OH)
202-224-2315
202-224-6519-fax

All listed states adopt K-12 unless otherwise noted

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • California-adopts only K-8
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • Indiana-adopts only 1-12
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Mississippi
  • Nevada
  • New Mexico
  • North Carolina
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia

Adoption periods and subject schedules vary by state and may be specify subjects and/or grades for each year.

The AFB Textbooks and Instructional Materials Solutions Forum has five work groups with specific goals and objectives.  The focus of the Production Work Group is to identify the processes involved in the production and dissemination of textbooks  and instructional materials in specialized media needed by students who are visually impaired.  This work group will recommend  guidelines and strategies for acceptable quality braille transcriptions; appropriate adaptations of materials for producing  textbooks to ensure they are educationally sound for visually impaired students; and eliminating duplication of efforts.

The Production Work Group identified the need for a national review of the issues associated with the production of accessible materials.   The production survey will assist in long-range planning recommendations to improve production and acquisition of specialized textbooks and instructional materials for students with visual impairments.  The survey has six areas:   general information, organizational structure, current sources of textbooks and instructional materials, production of textbooks and instructional materials, dissemination, and evaluation of services.   In the final report, we will not be identifying individual states and their responses, but rather encourage new thinking of how states can create better policies and processes for the future as it relates to the production of textbooks and materials.

A final report will be developed in October, 2000.  The report will supply general information to encourage states to create better policies and processes for producing textbooks and other instructional materials in accessible media.