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  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.
  • An HTML page has "tags" (containers for content) which define the structure and purpose of the content.<p>this is a paragraph tag, it also has an end tag.</p>
  • Tags have "attributes," which allow you to extend the capabilities of the tag. Attributes are always followed by "=" (equal sign). Attribute contents (values) are always enclosed in quotes. <h1 align="center">A centered Heading</h1>align is the attribute
    "center" is the value
  • Internet Explorer - many accessibility features
  • JAWS a screen reader
  • Notepad - HTML editor

54 million people in the United States are challenged by disabilities.13.5 million Americans consider themselves visually impaired to some degree.Nearly 3 million Americans are color-blind.Dyslexia affects over 40 million Americans.

Accessibility - definition

Accessibility refers to the freedom or ability of an individual to obtain or make full use of a product or environment. A product is accessible to an individual with disabilities only if he or she is able to use it to carry out all of the same functions and to achieve the same results as individuals with similar skills and training who do not have disabilities.

People are not "disabled." A disability is a consequence of design flaws in the environment. - Alan Cantor

All of us have functional limitations that make it difficult to do some tasks. Design flaws exacerbate the limitation making the task extremely difficult or impossible and creating a disability.

  • Myth: I can ONLY use text on my site - no graphics, multimedia, or scripts. Corollary: I must create a text only site to make my site accessible.
    Truth: Well-designed, accessible graphics, multimedia and scripts may facilitate understanding of the page by "everyone." 
  • Myth: Making my site accessible will double my costs.
    Truth: If accessibility is considered from the beginning, it is just another aspect of good design. The cost of redesigning an existing page depends on the design of the page.
  • Myth:  The U.S. government has mandated that ALL Web sites MUST be accessible.
    Truth: The ADA requires State and local governments and "places of public accommodation" to communicate effectively with individuals with disabilities. The Internet often facilitates this communication

"Accessible design is good design"

Steve Ballmer,

Microsoft, CEO,

June 13, 2001