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Fall 2000 Table of Contents
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What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?

Reprinted with permission from the National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (NOFAS)website http://www.nofas.org/what.htm 

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE) refer to a group of physical and mental birth defects resulting from a woman's drinking alcohol during pregnancy. FAS is the leading known cause of mental retardation. Other symptoms can include organ dysfunction, growth deficiencies before and after birth, central nervous dysfunction resulting in learning disabilities and lower IQ, and physical malformities in the face and cranial areas. In addition, children may experience behavioral and mental problems, which progress into adulthood.

see Clarifying a Point about Fetal Alcohol Syndrome for information about Fetal Alcohol Effect.

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Last Revision: July 30, 2002