## Title: An Introduction to Adaptive Math Tools for the Blind and Visually Impaired

### Author: Susan Osterhaus

## Introduction

- Welcome 00:04:24

## 1. APH Graph Board

- An Introduction 00:09:00

- Graphing a straight line 00:05:42

- Graphing an inequality 00:06:05

- Graphing a quadratic (parabola) 00:07:43

- Closing thoughts on graphing 00:01:27

## 2. APH Braille Print Protractor

- Features 00:08:25

- A Teacher's Guide 00:03:52

- Drawing a print 90° angle 00:05:48

## 3. Orion TI-36X Talking Scientific Calculator

- Accessories 00:06:24

- Features 00:09:24

- Basic Arithmetic 00:08:23

- Fractions 00:06:21

- Simple Algebraic Computations 00:04:39

- Usefulness and Affordability 00:02:42

## 4. APH Cranmer Abacus

## 5. Compasses

### with a Clipboard

- Introduction to a variety of compasses 4m 25s
- Drawing print concentric circles 2m 38s
- Drawing a print Venn diagram 2m 39s
- Teaching tips for drawing print circles 1m 26s

### with a Sewell Raised Line Drawing Board

- Drawing concentric circles with a compasses 5m 50s
- Drawing concentric circles with a Perkins Howe Press compass 4m 49s
- Drawing tactile circles with other compasses 2m 13s
- Drawing tactile circles with Sewell plastic sheets 2m 33s
- Drawing a Venn diagram with a Perkins Howe Press compass 4m 47s
- Labeling the tactile Venn diagram with a brailler 3m 26s
- Constructing a perpendicular bisector of a line segment 5m 27s
- Creating and labeling a tactile circle graph with the Perkins Howe Press Compass 7m 15s

### with the APH Draftsman

- Compasses that do and that don't work with Draftsman 4m 25s
- Creating a tactile circle graph with a Fiskars compass 7m 38s
- Techniques for labeling a tactile graph 2m 55s

### with less expensive and alternative drawing boards and tools

## 6. Math Stencils

- Using math stencils to draw print and tactile geometric figures 5m 05s
- Using Math Stencils and the APH Draftsman to draw tactile geometric figures 5m 57s

## 7. Nets and Platonic Solids

- Creating a net using swell touch paper 5m 25s
- Cutting out the net and building it into a 3D object with swell touch paper 3m 23s
- Creating a net and building a 3D object with braille paper 2m 08s
- Cutting out the octahedron net and building it into a 3D object using Braille paper 3m 29s
- Creating a tetrahedron net with Geometro manipulative 3m 45s
- Creating more of the platonic solids with Geometro manipulatives 5m 31s
- Creating a cube with a Geometro manipulative 4m 47s

## 8. Nemeth Code

- Introduction to Dr. Abraham Nemeth 1m 18s
- The Nemeth Braille Code for Mathematics and Scientific Notation 3m 20s
- An Introduction to Braille Mathematics 3m 33s
- Learning the Nemeth Braille Code 5m 49s
- Computerized Nemeth Code Tutor 6m 10s
- Nemeth Code Reference Sheets: Common Nemeth Symbols by Gloria Buntrock 6m 29s
- Nemeth Code Reference Sheets: Nemeth Reference Chart by Thora Dumont and Janet Malone 6m 06s
- Nemeth Code Reference Sheets: Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II Reference Sheets by Gloria Bennett and Susan Osterhaus 6m 25s