1 00:00:00,636 --> 00:00:01,326 >>David Wiley [Slide]: 2 00:00:01,326 --> 00:00:03,806 Active participation provides a better understanding 3 00:00:04,036 --> 00:00:05,936 of how everyday things happen. 4 00:00:07,056 --> 00:00:09,326 >>David Wiley: Because less reliable information is 5 00:00:09,326 --> 00:00:11,226 accessible to people who are deafblind, 6 00:00:11,896 --> 00:00:14,446 they may find many things that happen around them 7 00:00:14,446 --> 00:00:16,646 to be mysterious, or hard to understand. 8 00:00:17,546 --> 00:00:19,186 Certain concepts about how 9 00:00:19,186 --> 00:00:21,006 and why things happen may be incomplete. 10 00:00:22,016 --> 00:00:25,376 Since a person who is deafblind is often not able learn as much 11 00:00:25,376 --> 00:00:26,636 by simply observing, 12 00:00:27,236 --> 00:00:30,306 active hands-on participation provides an opportunity 13 00:00:30,306 --> 00:00:32,136 for the person to gather better information 14 00:00:32,416 --> 00:00:33,706 and fill conceptual gaps. 15 00:00:34,736 --> 00:00:38,256 For example, the person may not understand why food is not 16 00:00:38,256 --> 00:00:40,756 delivered immediately after ordering at a restaurant. 17 00:00:41,386 --> 00:00:44,786 If the person has never had the opportunity to cook anything, 18 00:00:45,376 --> 00:00:47,006 he or she may not have a good idea 19 00:00:47,006 --> 00:00:48,836 of how long it takes, and why. 20 00:00:49,896 --> 00:00:51,006 Even something as simple 21 00:00:51,006 --> 00:00:54,256 as helping someone cook a frozen pizza can provide better 22 00:00:54,296 --> 00:00:56,976 understanding of what happens with food preparation. 23 00:00:58,206 --> 00:01:01,156 If you take a frozen the pizza out of the box and try it, 24 00:01:01,266 --> 00:01:04,406 take a taste, everyone can quickly see it is not good 25 00:01:04,406 --> 00:01:05,416 to eat at that point. 26 00:01:06,236 --> 00:01:09,546 Work together to put it on the pan and put it in the oven 27 00:01:09,546 --> 00:01:11,786 and then sit together in the kitchen with a timer. 28 00:01:11,786 --> 00:01:13,836 You can take the pizza 29 00:01:13,836 --> 00:01:15,826 out of the oven a few times during the wait, 30 00:01:15,826 --> 00:01:17,906 and discover it is still not hot and tasty. 31 00:01:18,926 --> 00:01:21,776 After the timer goes off, take out the pizza, 32 00:01:21,776 --> 00:01:23,606 and you will discover it is hot and delicious. 33 00:01:24,686 --> 00:01:27,626 If done as a routine, this is a valuable lesson 34 00:01:27,626 --> 00:01:30,326 in building a concept about how thing work. 35 00:01:31,206 --> 00:01:33,936 It might be even better to follow that up with a weekly 36 00:01:34,166 --> 00:01:37,286 "pizza night" routine to cook a pizza more from scratch, 37 00:01:37,286 --> 00:01:38,946 by spreading the sauce and cheese together, 38 00:01:38,946 --> 00:01:40,256 and sprinkling on the toppings. 39 00:01:41,066 --> 00:01:43,876 A simple routine like that answers a lot of questions, 40 00:01:43,876 --> 00:01:45,596 and solves mysteries for the consumer. 41 00:01:46,776 --> 00:01:50,296 In the same way, if a person doesn't gather information 42 00:01:50,296 --> 00:01:53,656 easily, and only knows that clothes magically appear 43 00:01:53,656 --> 00:01:55,006 on the foot of the bed every morning, 44 00:01:55,656 --> 00:01:57,326 how does the person solve a problem 45 00:01:57,326 --> 00:01:58,596 if his clothes are uncomfortable, 46 00:01:59,206 --> 00:02:01,766 a shirt tag is scratchy, his pants are too tight, 47 00:02:01,766 --> 00:02:03,006 or his socks have gotten wet. 48 00:02:04,206 --> 00:02:06,376 If the person can't communicate the problem, 49 00:02:06,956 --> 00:02:08,356 his only possibility might be 50 00:02:08,356 --> 00:02:10,416 to remain uncomfortable while waiting 51 00:02:10,416 --> 00:02:12,486 for the magic clothes the following morning, 52 00:02:13,516 --> 00:02:17,196 and perhaps becoming agitated or upset because of the discomfort. 53 00:02:18,196 --> 00:02:20,776 However, if this person participated 54 00:02:20,966 --> 00:02:24,666 in doing his laundry, washing drying folding, 55 00:02:24,666 --> 00:02:26,966 and putting clothes away in his dresser or closet, 56 00:02:27,626 --> 00:02:29,836 and the person retrieves his clothes from the dresser 57 00:02:29,836 --> 00:02:31,916 in the morning rather than finding them on the foot 58 00:02:31,916 --> 00:02:34,886 of the bed, he might be able to solve his problem, 59 00:02:35,106 --> 00:02:36,556 or at least have better options 60 00:02:36,556 --> 00:02:39,956 to let a caregiver know what the problem is. 61 00:02:40,136 --> 00:02:42,506 If we view our role as caregivers 62 00:02:42,746 --> 00:02:46,116 to be providing opportunities, while supporting consumers 63 00:02:46,116 --> 00:02:48,406 to be actively involved in many activities, 64 00:02:48,876 --> 00:02:52,256 the person will have more information and clearer concepts 65 00:02:52,256 --> 00:02:55,146 about what goes on around him. 66 00:02:55,366 --> 00:02:58,156 This is one of the many reasons why we should do things with, 67 00:02:58,726 --> 00:03:01,116 rather than for people who are deafblind. 68 00:03:01,836 --> 00:03:05,286 >>Credits: tsbvi.edu/deaf-blind-project 69 00:03:05,286 --> 00:03:08,306 and distance.tsbvi.edu