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with Sara Kitchen and Lynne McAlister, Certified Teachers of the Visually Impaired.

Sara: So now if you look at your multitude of forms, the form in your packet called the CVI Range, its title at the very top is essential forms. We're going to look at the very end of that packet first. And what this title is, is the CVI Range Within CVI Characteristics Assessment Method or Rating II.

Okay, we're gonna do Rating II first because that's what made the most sense to us, and we're gonna take the information that we recorded on the CVI Resolution Chart through the interview, through the observation into the direct assessment, and we're going to record it on this Rating II on the various number lines.

So the first part on the Resolution Chart under Color Preference, we chose Range 5-6, which counts us 0.5. So you circle 0.5 on here. We chose that one because Cassie had a range of different responses but the most solid one seemed to be in that range.

As far as the Need for Movement, Cassie had the most responses in Range 5-6. So circle 0.5 on that one.

In Visual Latency, as well, we only had a response in 0.5. So go ahead and circle 0.5, that's Range 5-6.

In number 4, Visual Field Preferences, we saw only responses in Range 3-4, and that is 0.25 on this chart, so circle 0.25 on the number line.

On number 5, with Visual Complexity, we saw responses, a lot of different responses all over the place but the most consistent responses were in Range 3-4. So circle 0.25 on your chart.

In number 6, Light Gazing and Non-purposeful Gaze, we saw the most consistent responses in Range 3-4. Again, that's 0.25 on the number line, so circle that one.

Number 7, with Distance Viewing, we didn't get a whole lot of information about that but the information we got was pretty clear, and that would be in Range 7-8, and that would be a 0.75, so circle 0.75 on the number line.

With Atypical Visual Reflexes, which is number 8, we saw a response in Range 5-6, which translates on here to 0.5, so circle 0.5 on the number line.

In number 9, Difficulty with Visual Novelty, we saw responses in the Range 5-6, which is 0.5. So circle 0.5 on the number line.

Number 10, Visually Guided Reach, we saw responses in a variety. So we took the average, which is 5-6, which translates to 0.5 on the number line. And if you add all those up, you get 4.5. So take 4.5. Keep that number in your mind and then go to the beginning of the essential forms.

That's your Rating II. So the total for Rating II is 4.5. And that's probably the beginning of Cassie's range.

Sara: The next thing we're going to do is, with that in mind, with the number 4.5 still in your mind, we're going to look at Rating I. Rating I has a lot of details in it. Sometimes when you got through Rating I, you have to gather more information. Sometimes you need to go observe again. Sometimes you might need to ask more questions, more specific questions of parents or the school. But we're going to really focus on the levels where Cassie is functioning. And I went ahead and filled this whole thing out and found that in Range 1 to 2 she was resolved in all areas, which would be expected since she's got a much higher rating than that in the Rating II, okay? So since her rating is 4.5, we're gonna look at the areas 3-4 and 5-6 on Rating I in particular.

In Range 3-4, we have three resolved areas and we have a whole lot of pluses. So she's really functioning a lot in this range, in Range 3-4.

And in Range 5-6, we have a couple of resolved but we have, I believe, we have five pluses and just a couple of plus/minuses, where she's only kind of functioning at that level. So she's really functioning in 3-4 and 5-6 but she's more solid in 3-4. And how Christine Roman describes that we should determine which range to mark on Rating I is, and I have to read this. "The student's score on this section of the assessment is determined by the number of the CVI Range in which the last plus item occurs prior to the shifted scores to plus/minus and minus." So there's a lot of pluses in Range 5-6. In Range 7-8, there's a big shift to plus/minus.

So we're gonna go ahead and use Range 5-6 as her top score because that's right before she shifts to a bunch of plus/minuses, and she does have a lot of pluses in that area. So for Rating I, we'll put 6. So that means that when you combine both scores,

Cassie's range is from 4.5 to 6. And that puts her in Phase 2 of Visual Functioning, which is integrating vision with function.