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Learning Braille

  • Transcriber’s UEB Course (CNIB) - Learn what you need to know to transcribe literary materials in Unified English Braille (UEB) if you already hold CBA/CNIB certification in Braille Transcription or Grade Two Braille. This course will primarily be of interest to transcribers, proofreaders and teachers of braille reading to children and adults.
  • UEBOnline: UEB Braille Training - Braille training for sighted learners

Braille Code and Transcription

The American Printing House for the Blind (APH) sells a wide variety of books and braille transcription manuals for various braille codes, including the official code book, English Braille American Edition, 1994, and Key to grade three Braille, A revision of "Alphabetical Key to Grade Three" (1926 edition) by L.W. Rodenberg. Contact APH at (800) 223-1839 or visit their web site at: www.aph.org.

The Braille Authority of North America (BANA) web site is located at http://www.brailleauthority.org

Braille Codes and Calculations by Pesavento teaches literary Braille and basic Nemeth Code for mathematics. It is available with or without Dot Writing from Exceptional Teaching Aids by calling (800) 549-6999 or visit their web site at: www.exceptionalteaching.com.

Braille Code Explanation http://www.deafblind.com/braille.html

The Burns Braille Transcription Dictionary by Mary F. Burns is available from AFB Press or from Amazon.com the AFB Website: http://www.afb.org/store/product.asp?sku=978-0-89128-232-7&mscssid=63

Dot Writing is another book about the Braille code available from Exceptional Teaching Aids at http://www.exceptionalteaching.com/index_files/page0015.htm or call (800) 549-6999.

Hadley School for the Blind offers Braille placement tests and correspondence courses in Braille and Communication Skills (Braille Literacy I and II, including tactile readiness and the braille alphabet; Relevant Braille; Braille Reading I and II; Braille Writing; Effective Braille Reading; Grade 3 Braille; Essentials of Nemeth; Braille Music Notation I and II). Hadley also offers Personal Touch: Braille for Lifelong Enrichment, a video available for $10 from the Hadley Store. Call (800) 323-4238 or visit the Hadley site at: http://www.hadley.edu/Downloads/pdf/order%20form.pdf

Instruction Manual for Braille Transcription (1984) is available from the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped: www.loc.gov/nls/bds.html or call them at 800-424-8567.

The Computer Braille Code Made Easy (3rd edition) takes you through the computer code one step at a time and includes tips on how to read email and web addresses. One print or braille booklet costs $7. Available from National Braille Press, 88 St. Stephen St., Boston, MA 02115 (888) 965-8965 or (617) 266-6160.

The National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) Braille Development Section (Library of Congress) administers a program of courses leading to certification in braille transcribing and proofreading in cooperation with a network of volunteer groups throughout the United States. Many of these courses may be taken through local braille instruction offered by volunteer groups in the network. All of the courses in the program are available through correspondence instruction from the Braille Development Section.See the link at: http://www.loc.gov/nls/bds.html or call toll free 800-424-8567, or send an e-mail message to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

The Burns Braille Transcription Dictionary by Mary F. Burns is available from  Amazon.com

Braille Instruction & Curriculum

An excellent way to teach children about braille is the Braille Bug site: http://www.afb.org/braillebug.

BRLHELP - AFB also sponsors an electronic mail listserv that discusses braille instruction and resources. To subscribe, send a message to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and you will be added to the list.

The American Printing House for the Blind (APH) sells a wide variety of books about braille instruction, including Print and Braille Literacy - Selecting Appropriate Learning Media by Hilda Caton. The Patterns series of braille instruction materials is excellent for instruction by teachers and reinforcement by parents (see teachers guide for parents). Contact APH at (800) 223-1839 or visit their web site at: www.aph.org.

Communication Skills for Visually Impaired Learners : Braille, Print, and Listening Skills for Students Who Are Visually Impaired by Randall K. Harley, Mila B. Truan, Larhea D. Sanford is available from Amazon.com

The Braille Connection (formerly Read Again) is a new fast-paced APH curriculum to teach adventitiously blinded students who formerly were able to read print to read braille. It is described at http://www.abledata.com/abledata.cfm?pageid=19327&top=15493&productid=158596&trail=22,13134&discontinued=0

Bibliography of Learning and Teaching Braille:http://scholar.google.com (search for Braille)

Braille Beginnings is a new program available from the Utah School for the Blind, 742 Harrison Blvd., Ogden, UT 84404-5298. The program includes three levels, teaching sixty phonics concepts and two hundred contractions with punctuation. Level One goes over the ABCs (forty concepts including and, for, of, the with; a few other words for simple stories), and consonant sounds should be taught along with it. The other two levels cover the other contractions, etc. A complete set is $596.00. You can order a level at a time. It is available from the author, Karen Condie, 7859 South 280 East, Sandy, Utah 84070 or call (801) 569-9061.

Braille Codes and Calculations by Pesavento teaches literary Braille and basic Nemeth Code for mathematics. It is available with or without Dot Writing from Exceptional Teaching Aids by calling (800) 549-6999 or visit their web site at: www.exceptionalteaching.com.

The Braille FUNdamentals program from TSBVI comes with ready-made hard-copy braille instructional student materials. You can also get it at any or all of the four different levels - Primary, Upper Elementary, Middle School and High School. Volume 1 contains the Overview and Use, and Volume 2 teaches the alphabet and whole word signs. The other 2 volumes contain the rest of the Braille code) See: www.tsbvi.edu. Also some 53 clusters of Braille FUNdamentals are built into Duxbury's DBT WIN, to apply this curriculum to your own materials.

Guidelines and Games for Teaching Efficient Braille Reading by Myrna R. Olson and Sally Mangold is available from Amazon.com.

Instant Access to Braille Project: Refreshable Braille in the Inclusive Classroom is a Western and Central New York State project of the Center for Assistive Technology at the University of Buffalo, providing students with a refreshable braille note-taking device and training in its use in order to facilitate inclusion. See the web site http://cat.buffalo.edu/refreshablebraille or call Katy Beaver for details (716) 829-3141 ext. 103.

Instructional Strategies for Braille Literacy by Diane P. Wormsley (Editor), Frances Mary D'Andrea (Editor), Fran D'Andrea is available from Amazon.com.

The Mangold Developmental Program of Tactile Perception and Braille Letter Recognition, The Mangold Developmental Program of Tactile Perception and Nemeth Numeral Recognition and The Combined Reading and Math Program, all by Dr. Sally Mangold, are available from Exceptional Teaching Aids by calling (800) 549-6999 or visit their web site at: www.exceptionalteaching.com.

A Program for Teaching Braille Based on a New Theory of Braille Reading can be found at http://www.econ.keio.ac.jp/staff/nakanoy/article/braille/BR/chap2/2-6/2-6.html

Reading by Touch by Susanna Millar discusses the technical aspects of braille reading and provides an extensive compilation of research on tactile reading in general. It is available from Amazon.com

Specification for Selecting a Vocabulary and Teaching Method for Beginning Braille Readers by Hilda Caton is available from Amazon.com 

Braille Literacy Information

The American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) has an excellent resource for parents to promote early Braille Literacy, entitled, Connecting the Dots. It is a folder containing fact sheets about braille and resource lists including information for parents about braille, sources of braille children's books and magazines, organizations that promote braille literacy and sources of adapted materials to promote literacy development. The following titles are also available from AFB Press: Children with visual Impairments: A Parents' Guide, Understanding Braille Literacy (a video), Instructional Strategies for Braille Literacy, Beginning with Braille: A Balanced Approach to Literacy by Anna Swenson by calling (800) 232-3044 or visiting their web site at: www.afb.org.

Braille Carnival  is a great way to promote literacy with braille and to celebrate Braille Literacy month each January!

Braille for the Sighted by S. Harold Collins (ISBN: 0931993954) is a 32-page book done in a puzzle and game format and is an introduction to braille for those who are sighted. Simulated braille is used to teach the alphabet and numbers in order to complete a variety of games and activities - great for elementary age students who have family members or classmates who are blind. It is published by Garlic Press, 605 Powers Street, Eugene, OR 97402 or on the Web at www.garlicpress.com. It is also available for about $5 from www.amazon.com, or you can call your local bookstore.

Braille Literacy - Resources for Instruction, Writing Equipment and Supplies can be found at the National Library Service web site: http://www.loc.gov/nls/reference/circulars/brailleliteracy.html

A Field Guide for the Sight Impaired Reader by Andrew Leibs is tremendously empowering, showing students how to become independent readers on a level with the fully sighted by connecting with the many special resources that exist for them. I include a link to the book's Amazon page. It's a must-have book for any blind reader, and it's available on tape from RFB&D and the National Library Service. The reviews are phenomenal. Please pass the word. http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0313309698/qid=1013374759/sr=8-1/ref

Foundations of Braille Literacy by Evelyn J. Rex, Alan J. Koenig, Diane P. Wormsley, Robert L. Baker is available from Amazon.com or through AFB: http://www.afb.org/store/product.asp?sku=978-0-89128-934-0&mscssid=63

Instructional Strategies for Braille Literacy by Diane P. Wormsley (Editor), Frances Mary D'Andrea (Editor), Fran D'Andrea is available from Amazon.com or through the AFB Book Store: 

http://www.afb.org/store/product.asp?sku=978-0-89128-936-4&mscssid=63

Kester Braille is an introductory Braille instruction manual written by Louise Johnson when she retired after teaching for 20 years. Kester Braille provides a user-friendly script of the way she taught braille. Level 1 consists of teaching alphabet and beginning sounds in Braille, and Level 2 teaches three-letter words with short vowel sounds, writing sentences, and numbers 0 to 20. It is written to teach Braille reading and writing for children ages 4 to 8, and can be adapted for older children who have difficulty learning. The cost of Teacher's Guide and Student Workbooks for Level One is $30.00 and $35.00 for Level Two' or $65.00 for both. You can order them from Louise Johnson, 197 West 1100 South, Orem, Utah 84058. To contact the author of Kester Braille, e-mail her at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Braille Teaching Products & Instructional Materials

DOTS for Braille Literacy, a free newsletter that includes information about new braille-related products, strategies for teaching, and resources for teachers, family members and others interested in braille literacy. http://www.afb.org/info_documents.asp?CollectionID=6&KitID=19

The APH Daily Activity Pack, Discover video, Braille Calendar, Dolch word cards, swing cell and On the Way to Literacy books are also excellent. Contact APH at (800) 223-1839 or visit their web site at: www.aph.org.

Braille Beginnings is a new program available from the Utah School for the Blind, 742 Harrison Blvd., Ogden, UT 84404-5298. The program includes three levels, teaching sixty phonics concepts and two hundred contractions with punctuation. Level One goes over the ABCs (forty concepts including and, for, of, the with; a few other words for simple stories), and consonant sounds should be taught along with it. The other two levels cover the other contractions, etc. A complete set is $596.00. You can order a level at a time. It is available from the author, Karen Condie, 7859 South 280 East, Sandy, Utah 84070 or call (801) 569-9061.

The Braille FUNdamentals program from TSBVI comes with ready-made hard-copy braille instructional student materials. You can also get it at any or all of the four different levels - Primary, Upper Elementary, Middle School and High School. Volume 1 contains the Overview and Use, and Volume 2 teaches the alphabet and whole word signs. The other 2 volumes contain the rest of the Braille code) (see www.tsbvi.edu). Also some 53 clusters of Braille FUNdamentals are built into Duxbury's DBT WIN, to apply this curriculum to your own materials.

BrailleMaster" Talking Braille Tutor is a small black plastic box with six raised buttons representing a braille cell and a 7th button that serves as a function key or space bar. As the buttons representing the characters are pushed, a clear male voice identifies the character. 19 lessons introduce students to groups of braille characters or words with similar characteristics. Lessons are presented in learn, practice and quiz modes, and are arranged to provide a logical progression covering the alphabet, numbers, punctuation, single cell letter combination contractions, single cell whole word contractions, dot-preceded contractions, punctuation as contractions and 73 standard abbreviated words. BrailleMaster (Item #428938) can be purchased for $295 from Independent Living Aids, Inc. (800) 537-2118 or Fax (516) 937-3906 or from the web site at www.independentliving.com.

 

"The Braille Trail Activity Book" was designed by Anna Swenson for sighted elementary school children (grades 2-5) and contains activity pages, information, and resources for kids. Introduced by Karl Belanger, a 12-year-old avid braille reader, it invites kids to learn more about this "secret code." An accompanying Braille Trail Parent/Teacher Guide that gives extra information about braille, and enrichment activities. These materials can be purchased from AFB Press by calling 800-232-3044 or on our web site at http://www.afb.org/store/.

Guidelines and Games for Teaching Efficient Braille Reading by Myrna R. Olson and Sally Mangold is available from Amazon.com and: http://www.afb.org/store/product.asp?sku=978-0-89128-105-4&mscssid=7UWAUVA7A4JA9KT91D9HHX7S9TDT20K0

Kester Braille is an introductory Braille instruction manual written by Louise Johnson when she retired after teaching for 20 years. Kester Braille provides a user-friendly script of the way she taught braille. Level 1 consists of teaching alphabet and beginning sounds in Braille, and Level 2 teaches three-letter words with short vowel sounds, writing sentences, and numbers 0 to 20. It is written to teach Braille reading and writing for children ages 4 to 8, and can be adapted for older children who have difficulty learning. The Level 1 and Level 2 Teacher's Guide and Student Workbooks are $25 each. You can order them from Louise Johnson, 197 West 1100 South, Orem, Utah 84058. To contact the author of Kester Braille, e-mail her at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

The Louis Braille Center www.louisbraillecenter.org offers books for learning Braille, including Braille By Touch, a course in grade one braille for adults.

The Mangold Developmental Program of Tactile Perception and Braille Letter Recognition, The Mangold Developmental Program of Tactile Perception and Nemeth Numeral Recognition and The Combined Reading and Math Program, all by Dr. Sally Mangold, are available from Exceptional Teaching Aids by calling (800) 549-6999 or visit their web site at: www.exceptionalteaching.com.

The Nemeth Code Tutorial (for blind students, for use on the Braille Lite): 

http://www.freedomscientific.com

Speech Assisted Learning (SAL) is a combination of synthesized speech and standard paper braille that can be used in braille instruction. Information about SAL can be found at http://www.exceptionalteaching.com/index_files/page0002.htm.

Tack-Tiles® - Braille Systems are a Braille instruction tool for all ages based on LEGO®-type blocks in English, French, German, Spanish, and Italian literary Braille Code as well as Nemeth Braille Code for mathematics, Braille code for music notation, and computer Braille code. Visit the site at: http://www.tack-tiles.com or call 800-TACK-TILE (822-5845).

The Braille Game Board - is a new learning tool giving braille readers an opportunity to invent and play new games while sharpening their braille skills! The Braille Game Board® consists of a pegboard grid with which to create words. For more information, contact Michael Bienvenue at Albro, Inc., P.O. Box 65067, Station Place Longueuil, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada J4K5J4, phone (514) 996-4430, visit the web site www.braillegame.com or e-mail them at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Braille coloring books, books, documents, business and greeting cards and chocolate from The National Braille Factory www.nationalbraillefactory.com phone (877) 8-BRAILL.

Braille for Regular Education

The Secret Code (Rookie Readers) by Dana Meachen Rau, Bari Weissman (Illustrator) is available from Amazon.com.  From School Library Journal - Kindergarten-Grade 2. Oscar, a blind boy, explains to his classmates that his books are not written in secret code, but in Braille. The Braille alphabet is illustrated so that sighted children can learn to recognize the letters and decipher a note that Oscar sends to a friend.

Braille for the Sighted by S. Harold Collins (ISBN: 0931993954) is a 32-page book done in a puzzle and game format and is an introduction to braille for those who are sighted. Simulated braille is used to teach the alphabet and numbers in order to complete a variety of games and activities - great for elementary age students who have family members or classmates who are blind. It is published by Garlic Press, 605 Powers Street, Eugene, OR 97402 or on the Web at www.garlicpress.com. It is also available for about $5 from www.amazon.com, or you can call your local bookstore.

 

The Computerized Braille Tutor (for sighted individuals): http://www.tsbvi.edu or  Dr. Gaylen Kapperman, Director of the Research and Development Institute, developed this DOS-based braille instruction program. The 566K file is self-extracting and complete with documentation. It is also available from the Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER) by calling (703) 671-6391 or visiting the web site at www.aerbvi.org.

Handbook for Learning to Read Braille by Sight (ISBN: 9991087354) by Schubert is available for about $23 from www.amazon.com or from your local bookstore.

Hotbraille is a resource through which sighted students can send a blind student a braille letter free of charge www.hotbraille.com.

The Louis Braille Center www.louisbraillecenter.org offers books for learning Braille, including a Braille Workbox for sighted children.

 The Computerized Nemeth Code Tutor (for sighted individuals): From our site: www.tsbvi.edu

Learning Braille for Teachers

Instructor's Manual for the New Programmed Instruction in Braille by Larhea D. Sanford is available from Amazon.com

Handbook for Learning to Read Braille by Sight (ISBN: 9991087354) by Schubert is available for about $23 from Amazon.com or from your local bookstore.

The Computerized Braille Tutor (for sighted individuals):Dr. Gaylen Kapperman, Director of the Research and Development Institute, developed this DOS-based braille instruction program. The 566K file is self-extracting and complete with documentation. It is also available from the Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER) by calling (703) 671-6391 or visiting the web site at www.aerbvi.org.

Literary Braille Refresher Course for Teachers and Transcribers by Risjord, C. (1995) is available from the National Braille Association, Inc.: http://members.aol.com/nbaoffice or call (716) 427-8260.

Ashcroft's Programmed Instruction in Braille, Fourth Edition. Updated and Revised by Holbrook , D'Andrea and Sanford, R. D. (2011) is available from SCALARS Publishers, Nashville, TN. http://www.scalarspublishing.com/. ISBN 0-9712139-4-1

Braille Tutorials

Braille Jail provides free online courses or refreshers in uncontracted and contracted Braille (image based and text only) as well as tutorials for slate and stylus and peg slate: http://www.braillejail.net.

BrailleMaster" Talking Braille Tutor is a small black plastic box with six raised buttons representing a braille cell and a 7th button that serves as a function key or space bar. As the buttons representing the characters are pushed, a clear male voice identifies the character. 19 lessons introduce students to groups of braille characters or words with similar characteristics. Lessons are presented in learn, practice and quiz modes, and are arranged to provide a logical progression covering the alphabet, numbers, punctuation, single cell letter combination contractions, single cell whole word contractions, dot-preceded contractions, punctuation as contractions and 73 standard abbreviated words. BrailleMaster (Item #428938) can be purchased for $295 from Independent Living Aids, Inc. (800) 537-2118 or Fax (516) 937-3906 or from the web site at www.independentliving.com.

BRL -- Braille through Remote Learning -- is an online instructional program that provides individuals with a series of three integrated online courses in braille and braille transcribing. BRL offers an Introduction to Braille course, a course for Braille Transcribers and a Specialized Codes course: http://www.brl.org. BRL is a project of The Shodor Education Foundation, Inc., 923 Broad Street, Suite 100, Durham, NC 27705 (Robert R. Gotwals, Jr.) or visit the main site at www.shodor.org.

The Computerized Braille Tutor (for sighted individuals): http://www.tsbvi.edu (for sighted individuals):  or Dr. Gaylen Kapperman, Director of the Research and Development Institute, developed this DOS-based braille instruction program. The 566K file is self-extracting and complete with documentation. It is also available from the Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER) by calling (703) 671-6391 or visiting the web site at http://www.aerbvi.org.

Handbook for Learning to Read Braille by Sight (ISBN: 9991087354) by Schubert is available for about $23 from www.amazon.com or from your local bookstore.

Mohawk College Internet Braille Courses http://www.mohawkc.on.ca/dept/disted/courses/newcourses.html

The Computerized Nemeth Code Tutor (for sighted individuals): From our site: www.tsbvi.edu

Ashcroft's Programmed Instruction in Braille, Fourth Edition. Updated and Revised by Holbrook , D'Andrea and Sanford, R. D. (2011) is available from SCALARS Publishers, Nashville, TN. http://www.scalarspublishing.com/. ISBN 0-9712139-4-1

General Information

The Braille Institute also has many useful resources http://www.brailleinstitute.org.

Braille: Into the Next Millennium, a 600-page anthology of articles by international braille experts, is published jointly by the Library of Congress's National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS/BPH) and the Friends of Libraries for Blind and Physically Handicapped Individuals in North America. Call NLS toll free at 800-424-8567 or visit www.loc.gov/nls.

The Bridge to Braille: Reading and School Success for the Young Blind Child by Carol Castellano, Dawn Kosman is available from Amazon.com.

Communication Skills for Visually Impaired Learners : Braille, Print, and Listening Skills for Students Who Are Visually Impaired by Randall K. Harley, Mila B. Truan, Larhea D. Sanford is available from Amazon.com.

DotlessBraille www.dotlessbraille.org is a site whose main goal is to increase braille literacy for all by making braille more accessible for sighted persons. The site is designed to be an introduction to braille for everyone, including print-disabled adults who are looking for a way to start learning about braille. Most of the material has been written by a sighted person; it is hoped that this perspective of a dot-challenged person will give braille-literate blind persons some useful insights into the difficulties that sighted persons encounter in learning braille.

Dot Writing is another book about the Braille code available from Exceptional Teaching Aids at http://www.exceptionalteaching.com/index_files/page0015.htm or call (800) 549-6999.

A Field Guide for the Sight Impaired Reader by Andrew Leibs is tremendously empowering, showing students how to become independent readers on a level with the fully sighted by connecting with the many special resources that exist for them. I include a link to the book's Amazon page. It's a must-have book for any blind reader, and it's available on tape from RFB&D and the National Library Service. The reviews are phenomenal. Please pass the word. http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0313309698/qid=1013374759/sr=8-1/ref

Handbook for Learning to Read Braille by Sight (ISBN: 9991087354) by Schubert is available for about $23 from www.amazon.com or from your local bookstore.

Instant Access to Braille Project: Refreshable Braille in the Inclusive Classroom is a Western and Central New York State project of the Center for Assistive Technology at the University of Buffalo, providing students with a refreshable braille note-taking device and training in its use in order to facilitate inclusion. See the web site http://cat.buffalo.edu/refreshablebraille or call Katy Beaver for details (716) 829-3141 ext. 103.

Just Enough to Know Better by Eileen Curran is part of the Hadley School for the Blind correspondence course, "Braille Reading for Family Members." One print or braille booklet costs $7. Available from National Braille Press, 88 St. Stephen St., Boston, MA 02115 (888) 965-8965 or (617) 266-6160.

The Secret Code (Rookie Readers) by Dana Meachen Rau, Bari Weissman (Illustrator) is available from Amazon.com.

Victar Braille Resources http://www.education.bham.ac.uk/research/victar/resources/braille/biblio.htm

Working With Braille by Barry Hampshire is available from Amazon.com.

Alternative Assessment Techniques for Reading and Writing by Wilma H. Miller is available from Amazon.com

Free Stuff from AFB ! - Order on the web at http://www.afb.org/store/free_stuff.asp?mscssid=GMRSSBA2HF888N0SJXMTUK9HD8RPDR5B or call (800) AFB-LINE (800-232-5463)

  • Get Caught Reading posters: One featuring Erik Weihenmayer reading braille and another featuring Patty Duke and a young girl reading braille
  • Guide to Toys for Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired
  • 9 Ways to Step Back poster
  • Connecting the Dots: A Parent's Resource for Promoting Early Braille Literacy (pamphlet)
  • Dots for Reading poster

Nemeth Code

The Computerized Nemeth Code Tutor (for sighted individuals): From our site: www.tsbvi.edu

The Nemeth Code Tutorial (for blind students, for use on the Braille Lite):http://www.freedomscientific.com

Braille "Cheat Sheets"

The "original" cheat sheet was created by Victor S. Hemphill, Sr.  Mr. Hemphill passed it on to Telesensory who passed it on to Duxbury. Duxbury now uses it as a handout at exhibits. It is 11 x 17 inches (printed portrait), so is often posted on the wall. TeleSensory's phone number on the sheet was (800) 227-8418. The Duxbury cheat sheet (11" x 17") may be available from Duxbury Systems. Their phone number is (978) 692-3000. Additional contact information is at their web site, www.duxburysystems.com.

National Braille Press (NBP) has a downloadable, and printable PDF cheat sheet done with only letters on their web site http://www.nbp.org/alph.html. When you purchase their book, Just Enough to Know Better, you may also receive a large one-page cheat sheet. The sheet measures 17"x11" and at the top says "ENGLISH BRAILLE SYMBOLS". It has the alphabet, number (literary) punctuation, and short form words, many contractions and dot 5 words, all listed in alphabetical order.

An excellent front/back braille reference sheet was printed in the Spring, 2001 issue of the Division on Visual Impairments Quarterly. It was designed by Raquel Feeney, a graduate of the Teachers College program, and currently a TVI for the NYC Board of Education. An accompanying article explains how to use it for maximum benefit. It is available on the DVI web page at the following URL: http://www.cecdvi.org/resources/braille_reference_sheet.htm. Feel free to reproduce it for distribution, and if you do, please give credit to the author and the publication. There is also a one page, two-sided listing in Appendix B of the NLS Instruction Manual that you are welcome to copy and share. However, the print in the Duxbury one is larger.

Susan Jolly has developed a literary braille cheat sheet for sighted persons that has the cells arranged by dot pattern. For example, all the cells in a given row of the chart have the same dot pattern in their left-hand column. This arrangement by dot pattern makes it easy to locate a particular cell and find its meaning. Go to http://www.dotlessbraille.org/basicNUMBRL.htm#findacell. If you have any questions, you can write to Susan This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Journal References

Title: Ensuring High-Quality Instruction for Students in Braille Literacy Programs.
Source: Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, Nov2000, Vol. 94 Issue 11, p677, 18p
Author(s): Koenig, Alan J.; Holbrook, M. Cay
Abstract: This study used the Delphi research method to gain a consensus among 40 professionals on the appropriate levels of instructional service to address the needs of students with visual impairments in 12 areas of braille literacy skills. These resulting recommendations are general guidelines for educational teams to follow in designing braille literacy programs, but must be tailored to address the individual needs of each student.
AN: 3857465

Title: The impact of braille reading skills on employment, income, education, and reading habits.
Source: Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, May/Jun96, Vol. 90 Issue 3, p219, 8p, 1 chart, 4 graphs
Author(s): Ryles, R.
Abstract: Compares the outcomes for congenitally legally blind adults in the United States who, learned to read braille or print as their original reading medium. Reading skills; Employment; Income; Education; Reading habits.
AN: 9606204214

Developed by:
Judi Piscitello, TVI, COMS
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Assistant, Training of Special Educators
NYS School for the Blind Resource Center
2A Richmond Avenue
Batavia, NY 14020
(585) 343-5384 ext. 1427
FAX (585) 344-7026
http://www.vesid.nysed.gov/specialed/nyssb/resource.htm

4/03