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Retinal Degeneration

DESCRIPTION: Retinal tissue may degenerate for a number of reasons. Among them are: artery or vein occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, R.L.F./R.O.P. or disease (usually hereditary). Retinitis pigmentosa, retinoschisis, lattic degeneration, and macular degeneration are characterized by progressive types of retinal degeneration.

(see also Macular Degeneration and Retinitis Pigmentosa)

TREATMENT: Varies, according to cause, symptoms, or effects. Adaptations in the learning environment may include a variety of optical aids and controlled illumination (especially for glare).

Genetic counseling may be indicated.

IMPLICATIONS: Schoolchildren with diagnoses of retinal degeneration disorders should be under regular and routine ophthalmological care, since retinal detachments are possible.

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